Study: US Cancer Screening Rates Declined Over Last Decade

There has been a decline in overall cancer screening among the US population. Only colorectal cancer screening rates met current screening goals. Cancer survivors specifically met current national screening goals with the exception of cervical cancer screening.
Source: Cancer Network - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

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Authors: Brenner DR, Ruan Y, Shaw E, O'Sullivan D, Poirier AE, Heer E, Villeneuve PJ, Walter SD, Friedenreich CM, Smith L, De P Abstract BACKGROUND: Although cancer incidence over time is well documented in Canada, trends by birth cohort and age group are less well known. We analyzed age- and sex-standardized incidence trends in Canada for 16 major cancer sites and all cancers combined. METHODS: We obtained nationally representative population-based cancer incidence data in Canada between 1971 and 2015 from the National Cancer Incidence Reporting System (1969-1992) and the Canadian Cancer Registry (1992-2015). ...
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
ConclusionsPractical difficulties in quantifying quality of life losses and healthcare expenditures owing to competing risks in life years gained can be overcome. Their inclusion can have a substantial impact on the cost-effectiveness of cancer screening programs.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This study developed five performance indicators and used them to assess the delivery of colposcopic services in Ontario from 2009 to 2017. Performance indicators have previously been used effectively in the field of colorectal cancer screening to identify strengths and weaknesses in the delivery of healthcare services. This had never previously been done in colposcopy. PMID: 31679921 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 November 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Jan M. Eberth, Whitney E. Zahnd, Swann Arp Adams, Daniela B. Friedman, Stephanie B. Wheeler, James R. HébertAbstractThe mortality-to-incidence ratio (MIR) can be computed from readily accessible, public-use data on cancer incidence and mortality, and a high MIR value is an indicator of poor survival relative to incidence. Newly available data on congressional district-specific cancer incidence and mortality from the U.S. Cancer Statistics (USCS) database from 2011 to 2015 were used to compute MIR values for overall (all types com...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conclusion: Since stage-specific survival is similar in Kuwait and the US, late stage at diagnosis is likely to be a major contributing factor to the overall lower survival in Kuwait than in the US. Increasing public awareness of cancer risk factors and symptoms and investment in early detection will be vital to reduce the proportion of patients diagnosed at a late stage and to improve survival. PMID: 31662756 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Oncol Source Type: research
TUESDAY, Oct. 29, 2019 -- Women with diabetes have lower rates of breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening compared with women without diabetes, according to a review published online Oct. 24 in Diabetologia. Dominika Bhatia, from the...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
This study examined the factors that predict recommended screening compliance to cervical, breast, and colorectal cancers in low-income African American women. It also examined obstacles to screenings by geographic region and screening status.MethodsAs a part of the Meharry Community Networks Program (CNP) needs assessment, a 123-item community survey was administered to assess demographic characteristics, health care access and utilization, and screening practices for various cancers in low-income African Americans. For this study, only African American women 40 years and older (n = 308) were selected from the Meharry CNP...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
rik The present study aimed to identify the chemical constituents and to assess the in-vitro, antimicrobial, anticancer, antioxidant, metabolic enzymes and cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitory properties of essential oil (EO) of Stachys viticina Boiss. leaves. The S. viticina EO was isolated and identified using microwave-ultrasonic and GC-MS techniques, respectively. Fifty-two compounds were identified, of which endo-borneol was the major component, followed by eucalyptol and epizonarene. The EO was evaluated against a panel of in-vitro bioassays. The EO displayed antimicrobial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphy...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
AbstractIn 2013, the US Preventive Services Task Force recommended low-dose computed tomography screening for smokers at high risk of lung cancer; however, use remains low. Efforts to promote lung cancer screening need to consider how receptive this population is to preventive healthcare and cancer screening. In addition, because of demonstrated heterogeneity in behaviors by smoking status, interventions may need to differ among eligible high-risk subgroups. To assess the engagement of high-risk smokers in other preventive healthcare behaviors, we examined healthcare use, including non-lung cancer screening, and healthcare...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 October 2019Source: Journal of Molecular StructureAuthor(s): Sunil K. Pandey, Seema Pratap, Sunil K. Rai, Gaetano Marverti, Manpreet Kaur, Jerry P. JasinskiAbstractFour new compounds N-(4-nitrophenyl)-N'-(isobutoxycarbonyl) thiocarbamide (1), N-(2, 4-nitrophenyl)-N'-(isobutoxycarbonyl) thiocarbamide (2), N-(4-nitrophenyl)-N'-(ethoxycarbonyl) thiocarbamide (3) and N-(2-Chloro- 4-nitrophenyl)-N'-(ethoxycarbonyl) thiocarbamide (4) were prepared and their structures confirmed by using various spectroscopic (FT-IR, UV–Visible, 1H and 13C NMR) and single crystal X-ray studies of 1 and ...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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