When To Screen For Autism? New Study Suggests As Young As 14 Months

(CNN) — When screening for autism spectrum disorder, a new study suggests that children can be reliably diagnosed with autism at an age earlier than what is currently recommended. Current recommendations are for children to be screened specifically for autism spectrum disorder during regular doctor visits at 18 and 24 months old. Yet new data suggest that autism detection and diagnosis can start as young as 14 months old with high accuracy, which could lead to children with autism having the option to start therapies early, according to the study published in the medical journal JAMA Pediatrics on Monday. “This opens up really unprecedented opportunity to get them into early treatment — potentially early intensive treatment — and then check to see what kind of impact this is having by the time they reach school age,” said Karen Pierce, a professor of neuroscience and co-director of the Autism Center of Excellence at the University of California, San Diego, who was first author of the new study. “The brain is very plastic during early development and can be impacted by input from the environment,” she said. “The frontal cortex in particular — the part of the brain essential for the development of social skills — is making large numbers of connections between brain cells across the first two years of life.” Historically, children with autism normally don’t even start their treatment until age 3 or 4, after ...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News Autism CNN Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 15 October 2019Source: Neurochemistry InternationalAuthor(s): Lucio G. Costa, Toby B. Cole, Khoi Dao, Yu-Chi Chang, Jacqueline M. GarrickAbstractAir pollution is an important contributor to the global burden of disease, particularly to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. In recent years, evidence is accumulating that air pollution may adversely affect the nervous system as shown by human epidemiological studies and by animal models. Age appears to play a relevant role in air pollution-induced neurotoxicity, with growing evidence suggesting that air pollution may contribute to neurode...
Source: Neurochemistry International - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Erick Jamet People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) tend to enjoy themselves and be engaged when interacting with computers, as these interactions occur in a safe and trustworthy environment. In this paper, we present a systematic literature review on the state of the research on the use of technology to teach people with ASD. We reviewed 94 studies that show how the use of technology in educational contexts helps people with ASD develop several skills, how these approaches consider aspects of user experience, usability and accessibility, and how game elements are used to enrich learning environments. This systemat...
Source: Sensors - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
AbstractAdolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are vulnerable to trauma-related experiences due to difficulties in emotion recognition, including recognising their own and others ’ emotions, leading to interpersonal conflict and problems in making and maintaining friendships. There are limited intervention methodologies of how to work with interpersonal conflict and relational repair. This paper presents, for the first time, a case conceptualization model of relational rup ture and repair as a clinical strategy to guide therapists working therapeutically with clients with ASD. The model is constructed from a...
Source: Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
TUESDAY, Oct. 15, 2019 -- Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) appear to increase the risk for childhood obesity, according to a review published online Oct. 8 in Obesity Reviews. Chanaka N. Kahathuduwa, M.D., from Texas Tech University in Lubbock, and...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
New research examines the role of KCC2, a transporter responsible for the discharge of chloride in cells, in developing disorders such as epilepsy and autism.
Source: Yale Science and Health News - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
During the past five decades, Temple Grandin's visually indexed mind, a key feature of her autism, helped make her a leading animal researcher.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news
Singer EV, Shelton AR, Malow BA. Can we predict which children with autism will have obstructive sleep apnea?J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;15(10):1389–1390.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions:The absence of demographic or clinical predictors of OSA supports using general indications for PSG in children with ASD.Citation:Tomkies A, Johnson RF, Shah G, Caraballo M, Evans P, Mitchell RB. Obstructive sleep apnea in children with autism.J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;15(10):1469–1476.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Most of the genetic risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is inherited as common genetic variants, although some rare mutations have been identified in individuals with ASD. Common genetic variants are most parsimoniously identified by genome wide association studies. Genome wide association studies have identified several genetic loci with genome wide association with ASD. However, genome wide association studies only identify regions of the genome associated with phenotypic traits. Identification of the functional elements requires additional experimental evidence. Here, we demonstrate that a genome wide association st...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
ConclusionsAll patients with severe autism had SPAs. However, they did not correlate with FDG-PET findings.
Source: Indian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
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