Recommendations for the screening for infectious diseases, mental health, and female genital mutilation in immigrant patients seen in Primary Care.

[Recommendations for the screening for infectious diseases, mental health, and female genital mutilation in immigrant patients seen in Primary Care]. Aten Primaria. 2019 Apr 24;: Authors: Sequeira-Aymar E, diLollo X, Osorio-Lopez Y, Gonçalves AQ, Subirà C, Requena-Méndez A Abstract Immigrant health status may be improved if certain health conditions are identified early through the implementation of a screening program. This document presents the recommendations resulting from the Screening in immigrant population project (CRIBMI) aimed at implementing a screening program for infectious diseases (HIV, HBV, HCV, tuberculosis, strongyloidiasis, schistosomiasis and Chagas disease), as well as female genital mutilation and mental health (MH) in migrant population at Primary Care level. Screening recommendations were based on: coming from an endemic country for strongyloidiasis, schistosomiasis, and Chagas diseases; on a threshold level of prevalence for HIV (> 1%), HBV (> 2%), and HCV (> 2%), and on incidence (> 50 cases/100,000-inhabitants) for active tuberculosis in immigrants with
Source: Atencion Primaria - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Aten Primaria Source Type: research

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ConclusionsBedaquiline showed similar efficacy and safety in Korean patients with MDR-TB, despite their advanced drug-resistance profiles, possibly due to other concomitant drugs such as linezolid.
Source: Respiratory Investigation - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionAn ST2 LZD- and methicillin-resistant clone was established in the whole hospital, not only in the ICU but also in wards where LZD consumption is low. This highlights the need to implement and maintain infection control measures as well as antimicrobial stewardship programs in all hospital units, to preserve the efficacy of LZD.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Maria Luisa de la Cruz, Pilar Pozo, Anna Grau, Jesus Nacar, Javier Bezos, Andres Perez, Lucas Dominguez, Jose Luis Saez, Olga Minguez, Lucia de Juan, Julio AlvarezAbstractIn spite of the efforts invested to eradicate bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in cattle, the disease is still present in several developed countries, including Spain. Among the factors related with disease persistence in high prevalence areas, the lack of sensitivity of the screening test for detection of infected herds [single intradermal tuberculin (SIT) test] c...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
This study was carried out in accordance with the recommendations of Institutional Review Board of the Federal University of Bahia, Brazil, with written informed consent from all subjects. All subjects gave written informed consent in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. The protocol was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the Federal University of Bahia, Brazil (approval number 693.111). Human Blood Samples and Preparation of Peripheral Blood Cells Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were separated from heparinized venous blood by Ficoll-Hypaque gradient centrifugation. Cells were then washed in ...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of the ReviewInternational travel continues to steadily increase, including leisure travel, travel to one ’s country of origin to visit friends and relatives, travel for service work, and business travel. Travelers with HIV may have an increased risk for travel-associated infections. The pre-travel medical consultation is an important means of assessing one’s risk for travel-related health issues. T he aim of this review is to provide an update on key health considerations for the HIV-infected traveler.Recent FindingsLike all travelers, the HIV-infected traveler should adhere to behavioral preca...
Source: Current Infectious Disease Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusion and recommendation: Even though, the availability of service for neglected tropical disease in health facilities is relatively good in general, there should be equitable distribution of neglected tropical disease service provision among regions. And private facilities should give emphasis for the provision of these services.  Key words: Service Availability, NTDs, SPA+, Ethiopia.
Source: Ethiopian Journal of Health Development - Category: African Health Source Type: research
The Recommendations for Management of Endemic Diseases and Travel Medicine in Solid-Organ Transplant Recipients and Donors: Latin America clinical practice guideline is intended to guide clinicians caring for solid-organ transplant (SOT) donors, candidates and recipients regarding infectious diseases (ID) issues related to this geographical region, mostly located in the tropics. These recommendations are based on both systematic reviews of relevant literature and expert opinion from both transplant ID and travel medicine specialists. The guidelines provide recommendations for risk evaluation and laboratory investigation, a...
Source: Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
Abstract The increasing number of refugees, migrants and international travelers influences the surgical spectrum of abdominal diseases. The aim of this review is to familiarize surgeons with specific diseases which are endemic in the patients' countries of origin and are likely to be diagnosed with increasing incidence in Germany. Low levels of hygiene in the countries of origin or refugee camps is associated with a high incidence of numerous infections, such as helminth infections, typhoid fever or amoebiasis, which if untreated can cause surgical emergencies. Historically, some of them were common in Germany bu...
Source: Der Chirurg - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Chirurg Source Type: research
Conclusion Although NTDs may increasingly pose a threat to health in the U.S., insufficient data exists to ascertain the prevalence and geographic distribution of risk factors relevant to these diseases. Concern over the potential for increasing rates of NTD infection and transmission in Texas led the Texas State Legislature to mandate the establishment of a surveillance program for NTDs. We tested one potential methodology for the surveillance of NTDs; the use of CASPER for assessing the prevalence of risk factors in Brazos County, Texas. Although Texas has a population of more than 25 million, the second largest in the U...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
Geneticists are exploring how disease introduced by European colonists shaped the evolution of indigenous peoples of the AmericasPrehistoric America was not a disease-free utopia.Tuberculosis, treponemal disease, Chagas disease, and many other pathogens were endemic to populations in different regions of the continent. But the“Columbian Exchange” beginning in 1492 introduced new pathogens to American populations, including smallpox, measles, influenza, and yellow fever. This introduction had devastating consequences for tribes. In some places, death from infectious disease resulted in thedepopulation of entire ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Archaeology Science Genetics Biology Americas Epidemics Indigenous peoples Source Type: news
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