Direct and indirect measures of context in patients with mild-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI): the additive contribution of eye tracking - Vakil E, Aviv O, Mishael M, Schwizer Ashkenazi S, Sacher Y.

INTRODUCTION: The facilitation of memory for target stimuli due to the similarity of context in the learning and testing phases is known as the "Context-Effect" (CE). Previous studies reported that TBI affects memory for contextual information when tested ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

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CONCLUSION: It is important to evaluate changes in severity of PTSD and its treatment during management of CG, especially when it involves bereaved families experiencing a traumatic accident. PMID: 31327179 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
An excerpt from  My Beautiful Detour: An Unthinkable Journey from Gutless to Grateful. Managing chronic illness can leave a person susceptible to emotional and mental health issues that can further exacerbate their physical symptoms.  Post-traumatic stress disorder can often accompany managing a physical illness, and often is the illness that doctors and surgeons can’t see.  How […]Find jobs at  Careers by KevinMD.com.  Search thousands of physician, PA, NP, and CRNA jobs now.  Learn more.
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Patient Patients Surgery Source Type: blogs
AbstractPurpose of reviewExtensive resources have been devoted to implementing evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) to facilitate the best available treatments to clients. Yet, when treatment settings or client characteristics do not align with the contexts in which an EBP was developed and tested, adaptations may be indicated. The purpose of this article is to provide a summary of the adaptation literature and highlight key issues, using Cognitive Processing Therapy as an example throughout the paper.Recent findingsInformed by the literature to date, we use Stirman and colleagues ’ Framework for Reporting Adaptatio...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractStranger harassment is a prevalent experience for many women but is often trivialized as a social problem (Kearl2014; Vera-Gray2016). As a result, there is a lack of knowledge related to understanding women ’s lived experiences of stranger harassment. Our study attends to this gap in the literature by examining the relation between experiences of stranger/street harassment and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity among 367 young adult U.S. women. We also examined novel explanatory (i .e., self-blame, shame, and fear of rape), risk (adherence to traditional feminine norms of sweet and nice and...
Source: Sex Roles - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Authors: Tseilikman V, Dremencov E, Tseilikman O, Pavlovicova M, Lacinova L, Jezova D Abstract Glucocorticoid signaling is fundamental in healthy stress coping and in the pathophysiology of stress-related diseases, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Glucocorticoids are metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) as well as 11-β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11βHSD1) and 2 (11βHSD2). Acute stress-induced increase in glucocorticoid concentrations stimulates the expression of several CYP sub-types. CYP is primarily responsible for glucocorticoid metabolism and its increased activity can resu...
Source: Stress - Category: Research Tags: Stress Source Type: research
Conclusions This scoping review confirmed that patients with malunited scaphoids seem to have higher likelihood of post traumatic arthritis. However, clinical implications remain uncertain and better methods for assessing and defining scaphoid deformity are required. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Journal of Wrist Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Survey or Meta-analysis Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2019Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral Reviews, Volume 103Author(s): Igor Elman, David BorsookAbstractOpioid use disorder (OUD) is a mounting public health problem with substantial morbidity and mortality. Stress involvement in the course of OUD is generally accepted, but little is understood about the underlying neurobiological mechanisms in part due to a lack of laboratory-based models for chronic stress exposure. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be construed as a psychopathological prototype of chronic stress owing to the essential diagnostic criteria of experiencing and reliving a...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
DiscussionRecent advancements on the quantification of neurocognitive dysfunction, cellular dysfunction, intracranial pressure, cerebral blood flow, inflammation, post-traumatic neuropathophysiology, on blood serum biomarkers and on their correlation to neuroimaging findings are reviewed to hypothesize how they can be used in conjunction with one another. This may allow clinicians and scientists to comprehensively study TBI in military service members, leading to new treatment strategies for both currently-serving as well as veteran personnel, and to improve the study of TBI more broadly.
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
OBJECTIVE: The event centrality model indicates that the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSSs) occurs when a traumatic event becomes central to one's identity, marking a key turning point in one's life narrative and influenci...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Numerous studies attest to the prevalence and complex negative consequences associated with military sexual trauma (MST). However, relatively less is known about male survivors and about the interaction of psychological problems such as posttraumatic stres...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
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