12 weeks of kindergarten-based yoga practice increases visual attention, visual-motor precision and decreases behavior of inattention and hyperactivity in 5-year-old children - Jarraya S, Wagner M, Jarraya M, Engel FA.

The present study assesses the impact of Kindergarten-based yoga on cognitive performance, visual-motor coordination, and behavior of inattention and hyperactivity in 5-year-old children. In this randomized controlled trial, 45 children (28 female; 17 male...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

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The current study examines associations between reactive and proactive aggression and suicidal thoughts and behaviors among youth (N  = 115, 62% male), ranging from 6 to 12 years, seeking services in an outpatient psychological clinic. Symptoms of hypera...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Nature, Published online: 24 June 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-01949-2A molecular dialogue between neurons and star-shaped cells called astrocytes in the striatum of the mouse brain leads to behavioural hyperactivity and inattentiveness that are reminiscent of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Source: Nature AOP - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To describe the impact of central nervous system-directed treatment on attention and its relation to academic outcomes in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) survivors. SAMPLE & SETTING: 51 children diagnosed with ALL at two pediatric oncology treatment centers in the southwestern United States. METHODS & VARIABLES: A prospective, longitudinal design measured attention after a child was in remission, two years after the start of treatment, and at the end of treatment. Attention measures from the Conners' Continuous Performance Test were grouped into composite subdoma...
Source: Oncology Nursing Forum - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur results suggest a causal role of insomnia in autism spectrum disorder and bipolar disorder. Future disease models should include insomnia as a factor for these two disorders to develop effective interventions. More detailed mechanism studies may also be inspired by this causal inference.
Source: European Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Eling P Abstract In this chapter, I will present an overview of early case descriptions of specific isolated cognitive deficits in children for which no clear brain impairment could be demonstrated and which were therefore considered to be congenital or developmental in nature. Three kinds of syndromes will be discussed. First, more general deficits like the attention and hyperactivity disorder and congenital aphasia will be presented. The second category relates to the more specific cognitive deficits, like developmental prosopagnosia, that have been reported, especially from the early 1980s onwards. In p...
Source: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Tags: Front Neurol Neurosci Source Type: research
Abnormal functional brain asymmetry and deficient response inhibition are two core symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, it is not known whether these symptoms are inter-related and whether they result from altered frontal excitability or compromised interhemispheric connectivity. We studied these issues in 52 ADHD and 43 non-clinical adults by comparing: (1) stop-signal reaction time (SSRT); (2) frontal asymmetry of the N200 event-related potential component, which is evoked during response inhibition and is lateralized to the right hemisphere; (3) TMS-evoked potential (TEP) in the right fr...
Source: BRAIN STIMULATION: Basic, Translational, and Clinical Research in Neuromodulation - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 June 2019Source: Journal of Pharmacological SciencesAuthor(s): Yuki Kurauchi, Taishi Yamada, Akinori Hisatsune, Takahiro Seki, Hiroshi KatsukiAbstractWe have previously reported that mice received intracerebroventricular injection of ouabain, an inhibitor of Na+, K+-ATPase, exhibited hyperactivity via overactivation of glutamatergic neurons. Here we investigated the effects of memantine, a blocker of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors, on ouabain-induced hyperactivity. In mice that received ouabain injection, chronic memantine administration prevented the hyperactivity and the decrease in ...
Source: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 June 2019Source: Seminars in Cell &Developmental BiologyAuthor(s): Maude Bordeleau, Micaël Carrier, Giamal N. Luheshi, Marie-Ève TremblayAbstractIn addition to their traditional role as immune sentinels, recent discoveries over the last decade have shown that microglial functions now include regulation of neuronal/glial cell migration, differentiation and maturation, as well as neuronal network formation. It was thus proposed that disruption of these microglial roles, during critical periods of brain development, could lead to the pathological onset of several neurodeve...
Source: Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
We examined whether SCT and processing speed predict different functional correlates within children and adolescents with ADHD. Participants were 193 clinically-referred youth meeting DSM ADHD criteria without comorbid conditions (mean age = 9.9 years, SD = 2.5; age range 6-16). The incremental utility of SCT and processing speed to predict (1) adaptive functioning and (2) academic achievement, after controlling for age, sex, medication status, and ADHD symptom burden, was assessed using hierarchical multiple regressions. SCT symptoms significantly predicted adaptive functioning, accounting...
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - Category: Child Development Authors: Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research
Conclusion: Considering the common sleep microstructure alterations, the presence of attention deficit and hyperactivity and/or sleep apnea may be a considered warning sign in the case of benign epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes.What is Known:•Sleep related-cognitive deficits have been described in the spectrum of benign epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes. The degree of sleep alterations may predict the neurocognitive outcome, and help clinicians to choose the right treatment.What is New:•Considering the common sleep microstructure alterations, attention deficit and sleep apnea, may be a considered warning signs.
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
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