Adding Sorafenib to Chemo Combo Fails to Improve Metastatic Melanoma Survival

No improvement in overall survival was seen in patients with metastatic melanoma who were assigned treatment with sorafenib in combination with carboplatin/paclitaxel for the treatment of their disease, according to the results of a double-blind, phase III study.
Source: Cancer Network - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

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We examined the rates and predictors of slnb and clnd for melanoma patients in Ontario (population 13.6 million) after publication of that guideline. Methods: We used the Ontario Cancer Registry to identify patients diagnosed with cutaneous melanoma in 2013. Patient records were linked to prospectively maintained health administrative databases to obtain details for each patient, including surgical procedures. Results: Of the 3298 patients with melanoma identified in Ontario in 2013, 1973 (59.8%) could be analyzed. Most of that group (n = 1227, 62.2%) underwent local excision alone; 746 (37.8%) had a slnb. The slnb...
Source: Current Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Curr Oncol Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to validate the conjunctival melanoma staging criteria in the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Cancer Staging Manual (8th edition) and explore the prognostic importance of tumor thickness, histologic ulceration, and sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) findings in patients with conjunctival melanoma. This is a case series of 88 consecutive patients with conjunctival melanoma. Clinicopathologic characteristics were analyzed. Associations between pathologic characteristics and outcomes were studied using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Local recurrence, lymph node metastasis, distant met...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Yicheng Ni Cancer remains a major cause of death globally. Given its relapsing and fatal features, curing cancer seems to be something hardly possible for the majority of patients. In view of the development in cancer therapies, this article summarizes currently available cancer therapeutics and cure potential by cancer type and stage at diagnosis, based on literature and database reviews. Currently common cancer therapeutics include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. However, treatment with curative intent by these methods are mainly eligible for patients with localized diseas...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
AbstractIntravascular dissemination of tumor cells is the accepted mechanism of cancer metastasis. However, the phenomenon of angiotropism, pericyte mimicry (PM), and extravascular migratory metastasis (EVMM) has questioned the concept that tumor cells metastasize exclusively via circulation within vascular channels. This new paradigm of cancer spread and metastasis suggests that metastatic cells employ embryonic mechanisms for attachment to the abluminal surfaces of blood vessels (angiotropism) and spread via continuous migration, competing with and replacing pericytes, i.e., pericyte mimicry (PM). This is an entirely ext...
Source: Angiogenesis - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Contributors : Pakavarin Louphrasitthiphol ; Colin R GodingSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensThe MITF and SOX10 transcription factors regulate the expression of genes important for melanoma proliferation, invasion and metastasis. Despite growing evidence of the contribution of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in melanoma and other cancers, their functions within MITF-SOX10 transcriptional programmes is poorly investigated. Here, we identify 245 candidate melanoma associated lncRNAs whose loci are co-occupied by MITF-SOX10 and are enriched at active enhancer-like regions. W...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn patients with RA, the relative increase in etanercept-associated risk of experiencing congestive heart failure, serious infection, non-melanoma skin cancer, or interstitial lung disease was similar between elderly and non-elderly.
Source: Drugs and Aging - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Recently, immune checkpoint therapy was shown to be very effective in the treatment of several cancers by reactivating the immune system. This was also shown for hard to treat cancers such as melanoma and lung cancer. At the forefront of immune checkpoint therapy are antibodies targeting cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) and the programmed cell death-1 (PD-1). However, clinical success of immune checkpoint inhibitors greatly varies between different cancer types, ranging from objective responses in 65-87% of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) patients to around 30% in other malignancies [reviewed by [1 –3]].
Source: Cancer Treatment Reviews - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Anti-Tumour Treatment Source Type: research
AbstractNivolumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody that inhibits programmed cell death ‐1 activation. To assess covariate effects on nivolumab clearance (CL), a population pharmacokinetics model was developed using data from 6,468 patients with colorectal cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, melanoma, non‐small cell lung cancer, renal cell carcinoma, or small cell lung cancer who rec eived nivolumab as monotherapy or in combination with ipilimumab or chemotherapy across 25 clinical studies. Nivolumab CL was similar across the tumor types examined; CL was higher for ipilimumab 1 mg/kg every 6 weeks (by 17%) and 3 mg/kg...
Source: CPT: Pharmacometrics and Systems Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: ARTICLE Source Type: research
AbstractIpilimumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody approved for the treatment of melanoma as monotherapy and for the treatment of melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, and colorectal cancer in combination with nivolumab. Ipilimumab time ‐varying clearance (CL) was assessed by a population pharmacokinetics (PPK) model developed using statistically significant covariates identified in a previous PPK analysis plus additional covariates. Data from 3,411 patients who received ipilimumab 0.3–10 mg/kg alone or in combination with niv olumab in 16 clinical trials were analyzed. Ipilimumab CL decreased over time; the ch...
Source: CPT: Pharmacometrics and Systems Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: ARTICLE Source Type: research
AbstractNivolumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody that inhibits programmed cell death ‐1 activation. To assess covariate effects on nivolumab clearance (CL), a population pharmacokinetics model was developed using data from 6,468 patients with colorectal cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, melanoma, non‐small cell lung cancer, renal cell carcinoma, or small cell lung cancer who rec eived nivolumab as monotherapy or in combination with ipilimumab or chemotherapy across 25 clinical studies. Nivolumab CL was similar across the tumor types examined; CL was higher for ipilimumab 1 mg/kg every 6 weeks (by 17%) and 3 mg/kg...
Source: CPT: Pharmacometrics and Systems Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: ARTICLE Source Type: research
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