Being a car commuter with obesity linked to a 32% increased death risk

(European Association for the Study of Obesity) New research presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Glasgow, Scotland, shows that individuals with obesity who commute by car have a 32% higher risk of death, from any cause, compared with those individuals with a normal weight and commute via cycling and walking. The study is by Edward Toke-Bjolgerud, University of Glasgow, UK, and colleagues.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Background: Falls and fall risk factors are common among people living with HIV (PLWH). We sought to identify fall risk factors among men with and without HIV. Methods: Men aged 50–75 years with (n = 279) and without HIV (n = 379) from the Bone Strength Substudy of the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study were included. Multinomial logistic regression models identified risk factors associated with falling. Results: One hundred fourteen (41%) PLWH and 149 (39%) of uninfected men had ≥1 fall; 54 (20%) PLWH and 66 (17%) of uninfected men experienced ≥2 falls over 2 years. Five and 3% of PLWH and uninfected men, r...
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Clinical Science Source Type: research
"The potential implications of our results are pretty big … brown fat could potentially be part of the solution in tackling [the obesity epidemic]," says the author of a study. But an expert disagrees.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Diabetes Headlines - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news
Authors: Thomas FN, Kleyman KS Abstract Studies have shown that there exists a relationship between exposure to idealized media images and increased self-ratings of body dissatisfaction - defined as a person's negative feelings and ratings of their own body weight and shape (e.g. Galioto &Crowther, 2013 ; Grabe, Ward, &Hyde, 2008 ). Using two experimental studies, we examined the impact of exposure to Western media-ideal images on Kenyan, Kenyan Americans, and African Americans' self-perception and body satisfaction. Across the two studies, it was hypothesized that individuals who were exposed to the thin b...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 June 2019Source: Developmental Cognitive NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Rebecca E. Martin, Jennifer A. Silvers, Felicia Hardi, Theodore Stephano, Chelsea Helion, Catherine Insel, Peter J. Franz, Emilia Ninova, Jared P. Lander, Walter Mischel, BJ Casey, Kevin N. OchsnerAbstractIn the United States over one-third of the population, including children and adolescents, are overweight or obese. Despite the prevalence of obesity, few studies have examined how food cravings and the ability to regulate them change throughout development. Here, we addressed this gap in knowledge by examining structural...
Source: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Gut Pathogens was founded in 2009 as a journal focusing on enteric infections and aimed at an audience in the Global South and middle income countries. The focus of the first articles remained directed at virulence, epidemiology and genomics of classical pathogens. However, soon after the developments in the field of probiotics turned the journal into a preferred venue for research on this topic. Furthermore, parallel developments in genomics of bacteria resulted in an increase of short articles documenting bacterial genomics, and this led us to create a new short article type called Genome Announcements. Soon after, the s...
Source: BioMed Central Blog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Biology Developing World Health Medicine bacterial genomics enteric infections gastroenterology gut gut pathogens gut-brain axis microbiome Source Type: blogs
Would you replace your meals with pills if you could lose significant weight by doing so? With an estimated 40% of Americans overweight, the weight loss market is projected to be a $253 billion dollar market by 2024. Meet the latest meal replacement technology: Food Diet Pill.
Source: Healthcare News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Source Type: news
Authors: Golmohammadi M, Ayremlou P, Zarrin R Abstract The oxidative balance score (OBS) is a measure of combined pro- and anti-oxidant exposure status, with a higher OBS representing a predominance of anti- over pro-oxidant exposures. We aimed to examine the association of OBS and glycemic control among Iranian adults with type-2 diabetes. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 476 adults with type-2 diabetes (mean age 56.2 y; 66.6% female). Fasting glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and serum glucose (FSG) levels were measured as markers of glycemic control. The OBS was calculated by combining information f...
Source: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Vitam Nutr Res Source Type: research
Conclusions: Compared with 1996, participants entering CR in 2015 were older, more overweight, and had a higher prevalence of coronary risk factors. Lipid values improved substantially concurrent with increased statin use. While the percentage of female participants increased, they continue to be underrepresented. Patients with heart valve repair/replacement now constitute 10.6% of the patients enrolled. Clinical programs need to recognize changing characteristics of attendees to best tailor interventions.
Source: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Cardiac Rehabilitation Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2019Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 117Author(s): Quantao Ma, Yaqi Li, Pengfei Li, Min Wang, Jingkang Wang, Ziyan Tang, Ting Wang, Linglong Luo, Chunguo Wang, Ting Wang, Baosheng ZhaoAbstractType 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a common clinical chronic disease, while its pathogenesis is still inconclusive. Intestinal flora, the largest micro-ecological system in the human body, is involved in, meanwhile has a major impact on the body's material and energy metabolism. Recent studies have shown that in addition to obesity, genetics, and islet dysfunction, the disturbance of intesti...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Contributors : Jianfeng Huang ; Angeles Duran ; Miguel Reina-Campos ; Maria T Diaz-Meco ; Jorge MoscatSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Mus musculusObesity is a leading risk factor for tumorigenesis and there is emerging support for a positive association between obesity and a more aggressive fatal prostate cancer. However, a complete understanding of the specific cross-talk between adipocytes and tumor cells in vivo and independently of dietary contributions is a major gap in the field. Here we interrogated human cancer data sets and used a TRAMP+ mouse line in which the signaling ...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Mus musculus Source Type: research
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