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Smile: Gingivitis bacteria manipulate your immune system so they can thrive in your gums

A new research report shows how the bacteria known for causing gum disease -- Porphyromonas gingivalis -- manipulates the body's immune system to disable normal processes that would otherwise destroy it.
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - Category: Science Source Type: news

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Gingivitis is a common oral health problem. Untreated gingivitis may progress to periodontitis, a common cause of tooth loss. The prevalence of gingivitis and calculus among Puerto Rican children is unknown. U...
Source: BMC Oral Health - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Abstract AimThe aim of the present study was to evaluate and correlate the levels of interleukin‐34 (IL‐34) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and plasma in chronic periodontitis (CP) patients with and without type‐2 diabetes mellitus (DM). MethodsA total of 175 patients were divided into five groups: (a) group I had 35 periodontally‐healthy patients; (b) group II had 35 chronic gingivitis patients; (c) group III had 35 CP patients without type‐2 DM; (d) group IV had 35 CP patients with type‐2 DM; and (e) group V had 35 type‐2 DM patients without CP. The GCF and plasma levels of IL‐34 were quantified using ...
Source: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Authors: Puttipan R, Wanachantararak P, Khongkhunthian S, Okonogi S Abstract The present study explores antimicrobial activities of Caesalpinia sappan extracts against three strains of oral pathogenic bacteria; Streptococcus mutans DMST9567 (Smu9), Streptococcus mutans DMST41283 (Smu4), and Streptococcus intermedius DMST42700 (Si). Ethanol crude extract of C. sappan (Cs-EtOH) was firstly compared to that of other medicinal plants using disc diffusion method. Cs-EtOH showed significantly higher effective inhibition against all tested strains than other extracts and 0.12% chlorhexidine with the inhibition zone of 17....
Source: Drug Discoveries and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Discov Ther Source Type: research
Source: eMedicineHealth.com - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
Conclusions: Overall, oral health and stroke were related. Periodontitis and tooth loss were independently associated with stroke. However, prevention and timely intervention may reduce the risk of stroke. Stroke was the main cerebral lesion studied in the literature, with almost no publications on other brain lesions.Cerebrovasc Dis Extra 2018;8:1 –15
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
The efficacy of several variants of essential oil mouthrinses has been studied extensively. This is the first study to compare the anti-plaque and anti-gingivitis efficacy of two marketed essential oil mouthri...
Source: BMC Oral Health - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Conclusion: The present study provided sufficient data to suggest that all the three mouthwashes are effective against plaque, gingivitis and S. mutans load in saliva. Further investigations should be carried out to confirm the results and develop strategies for using such products to prevent tooth decay.
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Despite the fact that dental care attendance during pregnancy has been recommended by guidelines and institutions, the demand for dental services is still low among pregnant women. The aim of this study was to identify and analyze the determinants of dental care attendance during pregnancy. We performed a systematic literature search in the electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Brazilian Library in Dentistry, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Medline using relevant keywords. Studies were filtered by publication year (2000-20...
Source: Caries Research - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Conclusion: As the PD progresses, there is a substantial increase of MCP-1 concentrations in serum and GCF. The data indicate that high GCF and serum levels of MCP-1 are at a significantly greater risk for the progression of periodontitis. However, controlled, longitudinal studies are needed to confirm this possibility.
Source: Journal of Orofacial Sciences - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: Salivary Mg does not play an active role in the modulation of periodontal disease process and, hence, cannot be used as a reliable biomarker associated with periodontal health and disease.
Source: Journal of Orofacial Sciences - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
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