Upregulation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase prevents sunitinib-induced cardiotoxicity in vitro and in vivo.

In this study, we investigated whether SNT-induced cardiotoxicity could be prevented by blocking SNT-induced alteration in the corresponding signaling pathways. In human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes, SNT (0.5-20 µmol/L) inhibited contractility of cardiomyocytes in a concentration-dependent manner, and the inhibitory effect was prevented either by PIP3 (1 µmol/L) application or PI3K overexpression. On the contrary, the CaMKII inhibitor KN-93 (50 nmol/L), PKA inhibitor H89 (1 µmol/L), and AMPK activators metformin (2 mmol/L) and 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide 1-b-D-ribofuranoside (2 mmol/L) presented negligible effects. Oral SNT administration (40 mg/kg/day) in mice progressively decreased the PI3K activity and cardiac function in 2 weeks with a significant decrease in the expression and activity of Cav1.2 and SERCA. Cardiac-specific PI3K overexpression through adeno-associated virus 9-mediated gene delivery in mice prevented SNT-induced reduction in cardiac function, calcium transient, calcium current, and Cav1.2 expression. In summary, our data indicate that increased PI3K activity is protective against SNT-induced calcium mishandling and contractile dysfunction. Cardiac-specific PI3K activation could be an effective therapeutic approach to treat SNT cardiotoxicity in patients with cancer. PMID: 31025080 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archives of Toxicology - Category: Toxicology Authors: Tags: Arch Toxicol Source Type: research

Related Links:

Alla S. Koltsova1,2, Anna A. Pendina1, Olga A. Efimova1*, Olga G. Chiryaeva1, Tatyana V. Kuznetzova1 and Vladislav S. Baranov1,2 1D.O. Ott Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology, Saint Petersburg, Russia 2Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia In the present review, we focus on the phenomenon of chromothripsis, a new type of complex chromosomal rearrangements. We discuss the challenges of chromothripsis detection and its distinction from other chromoanagenesis events. Along with already known causes and mechanisms, we introdu...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Reena Goswami1, Gayatri Subramanian2, Liliya Silayeva1, Isabelle Newkirk1, Deborah Doctor1, Karan Chawla2, Saurabh Chattopadhyay2, Dhyan Chandra3, Nageswararao Chilukuri1 and Venkaiah Betapudi1,4* 1Neuroscience Branch, Research Division, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, Aberdeen, MD, United States 2Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Toledo College of Medicine and Life Sciences, Toledo, OH, United States 3Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY, United States 4Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Clev...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our findings indicate that the positive role of RES in diabetic wound healing via its SIRT1-dependent endothelial protection and pro-angiogenic effects involves the inhibition of FOXO1 and the de-repression of c-Myc expression. Introduction Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease with an increasing incidence worldwide (Zimmet et al., 2014). The disease often leads to the development of serious complications such as microangiopathy, mainly including retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, and diabetic non-healing skin ulcers (Zheng et al., 2018). Diabetic non-healing skin ulcers such as foot ulcers are ca...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, we sought to investigate whether SH0165 (serovar 5, high-virulent strain) and HN0001 (serovar 6, non-virulent strain) infection induces autophagy and the specific role of autophagy in bacterial invasion and inflammation during H. parasuis infection. Moreover, we explored the mechanism underlying autophagy regulated inflammation through inflammatory signaling cascades during H. parasuis infection. This observation could provide useful information for further understanding the role of autophagy in H. parasuis infection and improve our knowledge of new strategies against this pathogen. Materials and Methods B...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Eun-Ju Ko, Sabrina Helmold Hait, Gospel Enyindah-Asonye, Mohammad Arif Rahman, Tanya Hoang and Marjorie Robert-Guroff* Vaccine Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, United States Inducing strong mucosal immune responses by vaccination is important for providing protection against simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). A replicating adenovirus type 5 host range mutant vector (Ad5hr) expressing SIV proteins induced mucosal immune responses in rectal tissue associated with delayed SIV acquisition in female rhesus macaques, but the initial mechanisms leading to the induced immu...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Andrew R. Crowley1 and Margaret E. Ackerman1,2* 1Molecular and Cellular Biology Program, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, United States2Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, United States The field of HIV research relies heavily on non-human primates, particularly the members of the macaque genus, as models for the evaluation of candidate vaccines and monoclonal antibodies. A growing body of research suggests that successful protection of humans will not solely rely on the neutralization activity of an antibody's antigen binding fragment. Rather, immunological effector functions pro...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
SummaryDuring the annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology (ASH) in San Diego/California, novel developments in the field of hemostaseology were presented. Alternative treatment strategies besides factor replacement were discussed for patients with hemophilia. One of the highlights of the meeting in this year ’s plenary session was the presentation of successful adeno-associated virus mediated gene transfer in patients with hemophilia B leading to sustained elevation of factor IX:C (FIX:c). Other alternative treatment approaches in patients with hemophilia A may include bispecific antibodies mim...
Source: Memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study aims to explore the efficacy and safety of recombinant human adenovirus p53 (rAd-p53) combined with chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in the treatment of recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). A total of 162 recurrent NPC patients were selected and divided randomly into the rAd-p53+CRT, CRT, and rAd-p53 groups. An electrochemical luminescence immune analyzer was used to detect serum levels of tumor markers (carcinoembryonic antigen, cancer antigen 199, and cancer antigen 153). Efficacy evaluation was in accordance with Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumor. Toxicity evaluation was performed according to the WHO g...
Source: Anti-Cancer Drugs - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Clinical Reports Source Type: research
Little is known about how the immune system influences pancreatic cancer stemness. Using a murine model of pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN), we have previously reported that KrasG12D induces expression of IL-17 receptors (IL-17RA) on emerging PanINs, as well as pancreatic infiltration by IL-17-producing CD4+ and gamma-delta-T cells. Forced IL-17 over-expression dramatically accelerates PanIN initiation and progression, while inhibition of IL-17 signaling using either genetic or pharmacologic techniques effectively prevents PanIN formation. When IL-17 signaling was blocked using monoclonal antibodies on transgen...
Source: Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Immune Drug Development Source Type: research
Tumor heterogeneity has been recognized as a major reason for anticancer drug resistance and therapy failure in solid cancers. Therefore, we simply categorized the tumor heterogeneity as cycling and quiescent cancer cells. A multi-color genetic reporter system has been previously-developed termed fluorescence ubiquitination cell cycle indicator (FUCCI) (Cell 2008; 132:487-98) whereby cycling cells fluorescence yellow/green and quiescent cells fluoresce red. We demonstrated the monitoring of real-time spatiotemporal cell cycle dynamics of cancer cells throughout a live tumor intravitally using a FUCCI system. According to c...
Source: Molecular Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Getting out of Cycle: G0 and Senescence: Oral Presentations - Proffered Abstracts Source Type: research
More News: Adenoviruses | Calcium | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Cancer Therapy | Cardiology | Fortamet | Genetics | Heart | Metformin | Oral Cancer | Stem Cell Therapy | Stem Cells | Study | Toxicology