Correlations of Internet Addiction Severity With Reinforcement Sensitivity and Frustration Intolerance in Adolescents With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: The Moderating Effect of Medications

Conclusion: Fun seeking on the BAS and frustration intolerance should be considered as targets in prevention and intervention programs for IA among adolescents with ADHD.IntroductionThe negative effects of internet addiction (IA) have become a concern in the past decades. IA is characterized by persistent internet use despite negative consequences, loss of control, preoccupation with internet use, increasing amounts of time spent online, and withdrawal symptoms (1). Internet gaming disorders are listed in the “Conditions for Further Study” section in the Fifth Edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) (2). Adolescents were raised in an era in which the internet rapidly expanded its influence in daily life.Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common comorbidity among adolescents referred for treatment of IA (3). Relevant studies have consistently reported associations between IA and ADHD. One study reported that 14% of adults with IA have also been diagnosed with ADHD (4). Individuals with IA have a 2.5 times higher risk of being diagnosed with ADHD according to a meta-analysis (5). Ko et al. (6) discovered that during a 2-year follow-up period, adolescents with significant ADHD symptoms were more likely to develop IA than were those without. Moreover, ADHD symptoms, including inattention and impulsivity/hyperactivity, were more severe in individuals with IA than in healthy controls (5). Evidence suggests that t...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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This study explored in a non-clinical sample whether metacognitive awareness assessments measured during ("on line") and after ("end line") a neuropsychological task lead to comparable results in tests exploring basic-level or high-level cognitive functions. Short-term memory and working memory tests (forward and backward digit recall of the WAIS-III) were used to measure basic-level cognitive function. A social cognition test, the French adaptation of the Faces Test, was used to assess high-level cognitive function through recognition of facial emotions. For these two tests, we explored "on line&q...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
Several human polyomaviruses, including Merkel cell polyomavirus, have been isolated on the skin. Which are associated with cutaneous disease, and what do we know about their molecular mechanisms?The British Journal of Dermatology
Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Dermatology Journal Article Source Type: news
Source: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment Source Type: research
Source: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: It appears that cycling has a positive effect on walking speed, walking ability and balance. Functional electrical stimulation combined with cycling has positive effects on balance beyond cycling alone. PMID: 31227660 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research
This study aims to evaluate SMM and BFRM by comparing the inter-fraction setup errors from using these two methods together with vacuum cushion immobilization in patients underwent radiotherapy for different treatment sites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients diagnosed with pelvic, abdominal and thoracic malignant tumors (with 6 patients per treatment site) were enrolled in this prospective study. All patients were immobilized with vacuum cushion. Each patient was marked by both SMM and BFRM before computed tomography (CT) simulation. Target location was verified by cone beam CT images with displacements assessed...
Source: Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology - Category: Radiology Tags: J Xray Sci Technol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: No significant association was obtained between the four-factor structures of depression in MADRS and serotonin transporter and receptor SNPs in a study with a small sample size. This study evaluates whether depression symptom-clusters have distinct genotypic determinants and necessitates more comprehensive studies for unravelling the genetic determinants of depression. PMID: 31228794 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
Authors: Leng Y, Redline S, Stone KL, Ancoli-Israel S, Yaffe K Abstract INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the longitudinal association between napping and cognitive impairment in older adults. METHODS: We used wrist actigraphy to measure naps in 2751 community-dwelling older men. Cognition was assessed repeatedly over 12 years, and clinically significant cognitive impairment was determined by physician diagnosis, Alzheimer's medication use or a significant cognitive decline. RESULTS: After adjustment for all covariates, men with longer napping duration had greater cognitive decline and higher risk of...
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research
Not even sure why I'm writing this as there's nothing I could "do", but you know what they say about talking out your problems. I'm having extreme anxiety and sadness about my upcoming move for residency. Not nightmares, but I've been having bad dreams about the move all week. I'm a Southern California native. Went to a southern california UC for undergrad and went to that same UC for medical school. Had the great fortune of commuting from home for all 8 years. I'm moving out of state this... Advice needed (Anxiety and Sadness about moving)
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: General Residency Issues Source Type: forums
British Journal of Cancer, Published online: 24 June 2019; doi:10.1038/s41416-019-0495-5The role of mouse tumour models in the discovery and development of anticancer drugs
Source: British Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
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