Population Levels Assessment of the Distribution of Disease-Associated Variants With Emphasis on Armenians – A Machine Learning Approach

Conclusion: Genetic associations of diseases considerably vary across populations which necessitates health-related genotyping efforts especially for so far understudied populations. SOM portrayal represents novel promising methods in population genetic research with special strength in visualization-based comparison of SNP data. Introduction Non-communicable polygenic diseases such as cancers, neurodegeneration, cardiovascular, and metabolic disorders have become the most prevalent type worldwide and account for the majority of death events in developed and transition economy countries (Habib and Saha, 2010; Benziger et al., 2016). Initiation and development of complex diseases is governed by both, genetic and environmental factors (Ramos and Olden, 2008). Genetic predisposition to complex diseases is not a result of a single mutation, but they require synergic effect of variations in many genes. These variants can be more frequent and/or rare in a population giving rise to “common variant” and “rare variant” hypotheses (Pritchard, 2001; Reich and Lander, 2001). Currently, one of the primary tasks of genome medicine is to identify panels of complex disease-predisposing genetic markers for use in disease prognostics, diagnostics as well as drug development (Abraham and Inouye, 2015). The most applied method for searching multiple genetic variants is a genome-wide association study (GWAS). During last decades, thousands GWAS have identified num...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

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Publication date: May 2020Source: Clinica Chimica Acta, Volume 504Author(s): Damian Jacenik, Jakub FichnaAbstractChemerin is a multifunctional protein involved among others in adipogenesis, angiogenesis and lipid as well as glucose metabolism. Chemerin is an essential factor in promotion of chemotaxis of numerous immune cell types and plays an important role in several pathophysiologic conditions. Chemerin receptors are present on monocytes/macrophages, T cells, natural killer and dendritic cells as well as neutrophils. However, the role of chemerin and chemerin receptors in immune response and gastrointestinal diseases is...
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsPatients with CMS were more likely to present with increased comorbidities. Patients with CMS undergoing CABG were at risk for worse short ‐term secondary postoperative outcomes and reduced long‐term survival. The data supports the need for further investigation for risk reduction surrounding operative revascularization.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
AbstractThe first successful human heart transplantation was reported on 3 December 1967, by Christiaan Barnard in South Africa. Since then this life ‐saving procedure has been performed in over 120 000 patients. A limitation to the performance of this procedure is the availability of donor hearts with as many as 20% of patients dying before a donor's heart is available for transplant. Today, hearts for transplantation are procured from indiv iduals experiencing donation after brain death (DBD). Interestingly, this, however, was not always the case as the first heart transplants occurred after circulatory dea...
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research
We describe the clinical outcomes of adults who received ECMO in septic shock.MethodsWe retrospectively studied adults supported on veno-arterial or veno-venous modes of ECMO with septic shock at the time of cannulation from 1/1/2009-12/31/2016 at a quaternary medical center in the United States. The primary outcome was rate of survival to hospital discharge and time to survival using Kaplan-Meier survival estimates. We analyzed survival by mode, previous cardiac arrest and timing of cannulation (
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe impact of parental suggestions of coping strategies and emotion regulation difficulties during emerging adulthood indicate that parents continue to be an important point of intervention as individuals’ transition to adulthood.
Source: Journal of Adolescence - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2020Source: LWTAuthor(s): Min Gong, Zhilei Zhou, Yongjian Yu, Shuangping Liu, Shenghu Zhu, Dongzhen Jian, Pengjing Cui, Fang Zhong, Jian MaoAbstractAs an acidic system, Chinese traditional vinegar is rich in amino acids and sugars for the readily formation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and furfural (F). The levels of HMF and F in Chinese vinegars from different regions were analyzed and discussed. F ranged from 4.35 to 313.95 mg/L, with an average value of 136.71 mg/L, while the mean level of HMF was 103.69 mg/L (26.83–455.13 mg/L). A significant positive corr...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2020Source: LWTAuthor(s): Jennifer V. Félix-Medina, Julio Montes-Ávila, Cuauhtémoc Reyes-Moreno, J. Xiomara K. Perales-Sánchez, Mario A. Gómez-Favela, Ernesto Aguilar-Palazuelos, Roberto Gutiérrez-DoradoAbstractSnacks directly expanded (second-generation) are trendy in the market, but considered products of poor nutritional due to usually made with corn starch. In this research, optimization of the extrusion process variables and the bean flour inclusion level was carried out to develop optimized expanded snacks (OES) with high nutriti...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2020Source: Food Quality and PreferenceAuthor(s): Hannah Danner, Luisa MenapaceAbstractConsumer beliefs play an important role in explaining consumer behavior. This exploratory study aims at building an inventory of consumer beliefs about organic food. To reach this objective, we conducted a content analysis of online comments about organic food posted on news websites and forums in German-speaking countries (n=1,094) and the United States (n=1,069). Such user-generated content has emerged as an abundant source of insight for consumer research, although very little has been ex...
Source: Food Quality and Preference - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
ConclusionUA leads to disruption of Rac1 and Pak1 activity with subsequent actin depolymerization and migration. Thus, use of dietary UA in cancer prevention or as adjuvant therapy is promising.
Source: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2020Source: Zoologischer AnzeigerAuthor(s): Iago Bueno da Silva, Sandra Daruiche Buganeme, Ana Maria Costa-LeonardoAbstractNeocapritermes opacus is a Neotropical termite, which feeds on a variety of food sources, including highly decayed wood and humus. Similar to many Termitidae, this species contains a mixed segment in the intestine, an anatomic distinct region composed of both mesenteric and proctodeal tissues. In Neocapritermes spp., a pair of intestinal protrusions referred to as mesenteric sacs are associated with the mixed segment. In the present study, with the aid of ...
Source: A Journal of Comparative Zoology - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
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