Effect of 16-week corrective training program on three dimensional joint moments of the dominant and non-dominant lower limbs during gait in children with genu varus deformity

Publication date: Available online 25 April 2019Source: Science &SportsAuthor(s): A.A. Jafarnezhadgero, M. Majlesi, H. Etemadi, R. Hilfiker, B.A. Knarr, M. Madadi ShadSummaryContextProper treatment of lower limbs alignment in children may prevent the progression of pathologies. However, this is not evaluated from a scientific view-point.ObjectiveThe purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a 16-week Corrective Exercise Continuum (CEC) programming strategy on three dimensional joint moments of dominant and non-dominant lower limbs during walking.DesignRandomized control trials.SettingSports biomechanics laboratory.ParticipantsTwenty eight male children with genu varus and with permission of their parents were volunteered to participate in this study. They were randomly divided in two equal-sized groups (experimental and control).InterventionCorrective Exercise Continuum (CEC) programming strategy.Main Outcome MeasuresData acquisition was carried out using six infrared motion analysis cameras (Vicon motion Systems, Oxford, UK) and two force platforms (Kistler AG, Winterthur, Switzerland). The joint moments of the ankle, knee, and hip of the both lower extremities were calculated using inverse dynamics approach.ResultsThe results indicated that CEC decreased the peak knee internal rotation moment (P 
Source: Science and Sports - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

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Conclusions: These data indicate the severity of cartilage damage subsequent to MCLT+MMT surgery is related to the rat's age at the time of injury. However, despite greater levels of cartilage damage, the level of intra-articular inflammation was not necessarily affected in 3, 6, and 9 month old male rats. PMID: 31438735 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Connective Tissue Research - Category: Research Tags: Connect Tissue Res Source Type: research
Conclusions: Magnetic capture of CCL2 was successfully developed and applied to determine levels of CCL2 in a rat knee. Magnetic capture detected a statistically significant increase of CCL2 in MIA-injected knees compared to controls, and CCL2 levels stayed relatively stable from week 1 through week 4 post-MIA injection. PMID: 31438731 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Connective Tissue Research - Category: Research Tags: Connect Tissue Res Source Type: research
This study explored the role of central sensitization (CS) pain in patients with various rheumatic diseases using the CS inventory (CSI).MethodsA total of 193 patients of mean age 50.72  ± 9.65 years were included; they were divided into four different groups in terms of their rheumatic diseases. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), spondyloarthropathy (SpA), osteoarthritis (OA), and fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) were evaluated in tertiary care rheumatology/pain medicine se ttings. Disease duration and activity, the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index, the Disease Activity Score-2...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the relationship between arthritis diagnosis in those over 50 and exposure to extreme air pollution in utero or infancy (
Source: Environmental Pollution - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Pollut Source Type: research
This study confirmed that AOPPs levels in human synovial fluid were positively associated with severity of OA. We also found AOPPs deposition in articular cartilage in anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) induced rodent OA models. AOPPs increased expression of TNF-α and IL-1β in chondrocytes in vitro, which was inhibited by pre-treatment with SB202190 (p38-MAPK inhibitor) or apocynin (NADPH oxidase inhibitor) or NOX4 knockdown by siRNAs. Subsequently, we further verified in vivo that exogenous injection of AOPPs in OA mice up-regulated expression of TNF-α and IL-1β in cartilage, which was blo...
Source: Redox Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 August 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Mehana E. El-Sayed, Khafaga F. Asmaa, El-Blehi S. SamarAbstractExtensive degeneration of articular cartilage (AC) is a primary event in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA) and other types of joint and bone inflammation. OA results in the loss of joint function, usually accompanied by severe pain, and are the most common type of arthritis, affecting more than 10% of adults. The characteristic signs of OA are progressive cartilage destruction and, eventually, complete loss of chondrocytes. A key enzyme responsible for these degenerative chan...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of upper extremity musculoskeletal (MSK) diseases and to identify factors influencing disability among fruit tree farmers in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of the 1150 subjects of the Namgaram study, 460 fruit tree farmers completed a questionnaire and underwent clinical evaluations, including physical assessments, laboratory tests, simple radiographic examinations, and magnetic resonance imaging studies of the upper extremities. Disability was assessed using the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand outcome measure. Data were analyzed...
Source: Yonsei Medical Journal - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Yonsei Med J Source Type: research
With the aging of society, patients with concurrent degenerative lumbar disorders and hip osteoarthritis, also referred to as the "hip-spine syndrome," are frequently evaluated by both spine and arthroplasty surgeons. The decision-making can be straightforward in many but in others, the optimal treatment order —spine surgery or total hip arthroplasty (THA) first—remains unclear and complicated, especially when neurological deficits are involved.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS The results of this study indicate that leonurine exerts anti-catabolic and anti-apoptotic effects in chondrocytes in vitro via suppression of the NF-kappaB and MAPK signaling pathways. PMID: 31431607 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe study demonstrated comparable postoperative functional outcome and quality of life. However, rate of postoperative revision surgery was substantially higher in ankle debridement alone group.Level of evidenceRandomized controlled study, Level I.
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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