Healthy Body Weights With Corticosteroid-free Immunosuppression Is the Best Predictor of Cardiovascular Health in Children After Liver Transplantation

Introduction: Cardiometabolic dysregulation (CMD) influences morbidity and mortality risk in adults post-liver transplantation (LTx). CMD is reported in 10% to 25% of pediatric LTx recipients, but no information regarding the longitudinal expression of CMD is available. The study objective was to examine the longitudinal expression of CMD and associations with body composition and growth in children post-LTx. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted in youth (34 F/30 M) who underwent LTx between 1994 and 2015 at the Stollery Children's Hospital. Primary outcomes included serum markers of CMD (insulin, glucose, hemoglobin A1C [A1C], homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance [abnormal>3], lipid panel triglycerides, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol) and systolic/diastolic blood pressure (BP: absolute/z scores). Results: Mean (±SD) age, weight z, height z, body mass index z was 9.7 ± 3.4 years (3.5–17.9), 0.26 ± 1.03, 0.017 ± 1.2, and 0.41 ± 1.05, respectively. The majority of children had percentage fat mass, percentage fat-free mass within normal reference ranges. Systolic/diastolic BP was within healthy references ranges in 83.1% and 93.5% of children, respectively. Serum insulin (83.4%) and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (43.9%) concentrations were low, with abnormal findings of other laboratory markers found in
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Hepatology Source Type: research

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