A Mixed Lipid Emulsion Containing Fish Oil and Its Effect on Electrophysiological Brain Maturation in Infants of Extremely Low Birth Weight: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial

To assess whether parenteral nutrition for infants of extremely low birth weight using a mixed lipid emulsion that contains fish oil influences electrophysiological brain maturation.
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

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Percutaneous gastrostomy (PG) is routinely performed by interventional radiologists for nutrition or decompression. In some patients a transabdominal approach is unavailable or contraindicated due to surgically altered anatomy, large hiatal hernia, peritoneal dialysis, ascites, or bowel interposition. In 1998, Oishi et al described PTEG as an alternative method of parenteral access. In this largest domestic series, we present indications for PTEG, as well as failure and complication rates not previously described.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Scientific e-Poster Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: The Lancet Respiratory MedicineAuthor(s): Nilesh M Mehta
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: The Lancet Respiratory MedicineAuthor(s): Fabian Güiza, Ilse Vanhorebeek, Sören Verstraete, Ines Verlinden, Inge Derese, Catherine Ingels, Karolijn Dulfer, Sascha C Verbruggen, Gonzalo Garcia Guerra, Koen F Joosten, Pieter J Wouters, Greet Van den BergheSummaryBackgroundEarly use of parenteral nutrition in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) negatively affects development of executive functions, externalising behaviour, and visual–motor integration 2 years later, compared with omitting parenteral nutrition until PICU day 8 (late parenteral nut...
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Long-term survival following EPS managed conservatively with nutritional support is feasible, with the majority no longer requiring nutritional support and having a quality of life similar to other patients with ESKD. PMID: 32067553 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Peritoneal Dialysis International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Perit Dial Int Source Type: research
AbstractCritically ill patients often acquire neuropathy and/or myopathy labeled ICU-acquired weakness. The current insights into incidence, pathophysiology, diagnostic tools, risk factors, short- and long-term consequences and management of ICU-acquired weakness are narratively reviewed. PubMed was searched for combinations of “neuropathy”, “myopathy”, “neuromyopathy”, or “weakness” with “critical illness”, “critically ill”, “ICU”, “PICU”, “sepsis” or “burn”. ICU-acquired weakness affects limb and respir...
Source: Intensive Care Medicine - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review aims to describe in detail the characteristics, outcomes, and recent trends in the field of pediatric intestinal transplantation in the United States. It will examine the route cause and future implications of these developments. The review will draw from recent publications in the field, the Intestinal Transplant Registry, and contemporary data from large U.S. single centers. RECENT FINDINGS: More than 1500 pediatric intestinal transplants have been performed in the United States since 1985, however, over the past decade there have been fewer than 50 transplan...
Source: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Curr Opin Organ Transplant Source Type: research
Metabolic bone disease (MBD) of prematurity remains a significant comorbid condition in preterm, low birth weight infants. As the majority of in utero calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (Phos) accretion occurs during the third trimester, many of these children have inadequate mineral stores and are at risk for deficiencies of Ca and Phos. While fortification of formula has allowed for increased mineral delivery to premature infants, intestinal immaturity prevents optimal absorption. This is compounded by immobilization, delayed establishment of enteral feeds, long term parenteral nutrition and medications that may alter mineral levels.
Source: Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Source Type: research
Non-tunneled central venous catheters (CVC) are routinely used in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) at many centers. CVC serve as venous access for fluid infusions, blood transfusions, the conditioning therapy, the stem cell product, antimicrobial therapy, parenteral nutrition and blood sampling. Thus, CVC are required to last for several weeks during the acute inpatient phase of the HCT process. However, CVC carry a major risk of catheter-related infections, leading to increased morbidity and mortality.
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Hollanda Martins Da Rocha M, Lee ADW, Marin MLM, Faintuch S, Mishaly A, Faintuch J Abstract Introduction: Short bowel syndrome (SBS) has traditionally been regarded as a rapidly fatal medical catastrophe. The advent of pharmacological options directly targeting disease pathophysiology justified this review.Areas covered: Since the 1970s, home parenteral nutrition has reduced mortality, converting SBS into a chronic and disabling compensated and occasionally curable illness. Off-label antidiarrheal drugs and related products, though having minimal scientific evidence of efficacy, represent the standard-of-c...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
Abstract A previous study presented that glycyrrhizic acid as the hepatoprotective agent inhibits total parenteral nutrition-associated acute liver injury in rats. However, the anticancer effect and mechanism of glycyrrhizic acid in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is ambiguous. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of glycyrrhizic acid on apoptosis dysregulation and metastatic potential in HCC in vitro and in vivo. Both SK-Hep1 and Hep3B cells were treated with different concentrations of glycyrrhizic acid for 24 or 48h. SK-Hep1/luc2 tumor-bearing mice were treated with vehicle or gly...
Source: The American Journal of Chinese Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Chin Med Source Type: research
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