Glesatinib, a c-MET/SMO Dual Inhibitor, Antagonizes P-glycoprotein Mediated Multidrug Resistance in Cancer Cells

Glesatinib, a c-MET/SMO Dual Inhibitor, Antagonizes P-glycoprotein Mediated Multidrug Resistance in Cancer Cells Qingbin Cui1,2, Chao-Yun Cai2, Hai-Ling Gao2,3, Liang Ren1, Ning Ji2,4, Pranav Gupta2, Yuqi Yang2, Suneet Shukla5, Suresh V. Ambudkar5, Dong-Hua Yang2 and Zhe-Sheng Chen2* 1School of Public Health, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangdong, China 2Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, St. John's University, Queens, NY, United States 3Department of Histology and Embryology, Clinical Medical College, Weifang Medical University, Weifang, China 4Tianjin Key Laboratory on Technologies Enabling Development of Clinical Therapeutics and Diagnostics, School of Pharmacy, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China 5Laboratory of Cell Biology, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD, United States Multidrug resistance (MDR) is one of the leading causes of treatment failure in cancer chemotherapy. One major mechanism of MDR is the overexpressing of ABC transporters, whose inhibitors hold promising potential in antagonizing MDR. Glesatinib is a dual inhibitor of c-Met and SMO that is under phase II clinical trial for non-small cell lung cancer. In this work, we report the reversal effects of glesatinib to P-glycoprotein (P-gp) mediated MDR. Glesatinib can sensitize paclitaxel, doxorubicin, colchicine resistance to P-gp overexpressing KB-C2, SW620/Ad300, and P-gp transfected Hek293/ABCB1...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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