An investigation of the effect of experimental pain on logical reasoning

Pain disrupts attention to prioritise avoidance of harm and promote analgesic behaviour. This could in turn have negative effects on higher-level cognitions, which rely on attention. In the current article, we examined the effect of thermal pain induction on 3 measures of reasoning: the Cognitive Reflection Test, Belief Bias Syllogisms task, and Conditional Inference task. In experiment 1, the thermal pain was set at each participant's pain threshold. In experiment 2, it was set to a minimum of 44°C or 7/10 on a visual analogue scale (whichever was higher). In experiment 3, performance was compared in no pain, low-intensity pain, and high-intensity pain conditions. We predicted that the experience of pain would reduce correct responding on the reasoning tasks. However, this was not supported in any of the 3 studies. We discuss possible interpretations of our failure to reject the null hypothesis and the importance of publishing null results.
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

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Authors: Ha JK, Hwang CJ, Lee DH, Lee MY, Yoon SJ, Lee CS Abstract The purpose of this study was to compare various sagittal spinopelvic parameters between patients with and without degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DLS). A total of 165 patients who underwent surgery for low back and/or radicular pain were divided into two groups: those without DLS (non-DLS group; n = 85) and those with DLS (DLS group; n = 80). In all sagittal spinopelvic parameters, no significant difference was found between the non-DLS and DLS groups. The mean pelvic incidence (PI) value of the DLS group (56.4°) was almost similar to th...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Acta Orthop Belg Source Type: research
We present the 10 years results of 33 patients operated on between April 2002 and May 2006 diagnosed with a "sports hernia". The injury was treated with a bilateral abdominal procedure according to Nesovic combined with a bilateral adductor release after unsuccessful conservative treatment of at least 2 months. There were 32 male patients between 18 and 43 years and one female patient aged 25 years with a mean age of 28.8 at time of surgery. All procedures were bilateral. Patients were seen in the postoperative clinic and a questionnaire was collected after 2 years and 10 years. Within 16 weeks, 30 patients (90,9...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Acta Orthop Belg Source Type: research
We report the injuries recorded over a period of 10 years in 156 Greek elite male and female gymnasts. A total of 2390 injuries were reported for a rate of 1,5 new injuries per year per athlete. Most commonly affected areas were the hip (18.5%), the ankle (16.5%), the lumbar spine (16%) and the foot (16%). The most frequent diagnosis was tendinitis (32%), followed by low back pain (20%), and sprains (12%). Fifteen athletes (9%) sustained serious injuries that required surgery. Rhythmic gymnasts had significantly more overuse type injuries compared to artistic gymnasts (p = 0.049). Gymnastics is a sport with a high incidenc...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Acta Orthop Belg Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This case emphasizes the importance of recognizing this rare presentation in the small intestine to broaden the differential diagnosis of adult intraabdominal tumors. PMID: 31314729 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Permanente journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Perm J Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: This Babcock technique with endoscopic necrosectomy has not been previously described in the literature, to our knowledge. Babcock forceps were an ideal tool in our case because they were able to gain access to the obstruction in the stent, but the "teeth" are small and dull enough to prevent from catching onto the metal stent mesh. PMID: 31314716 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Permanente journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Perm J Source Type: research
Authors: Kim J, Lee K, Lee W Abstract Eosinophilic esophagitis is a rare disease in Asian countries, but its incidence is growing rapidly in Western countries. The main pathophysiology of eosinophilic esophagitis is esophageal epithelial barrier dysfunction; disruption of the esophageal epithelial barrier easily induces antigen sensitization to foods and aeroallergens, which leads to subsequent esophageal inflammation as a result of eosinophil recruitment. Here we report a case of an 11-year-old Korean boy who suffered from fever, odynophagia, dysphagia, and chest pain. His upper endoscopic findings showed longitud...
Source: Clinical Endoscopy - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Clin Endosc Source Type: research
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of falls among community-dwelling older adults and the impact of pain and insomnia on falls. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited 659 older adults. Pain was assessed by the Geriatri...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news
IMPORTANCE: Using opioids for acute pain can lead to long-term use and associated morbidity and mortality. Injury has been documented as a gateway to long-term opioid use in some populations, but data are limited for injured workers. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
ConclusionThe surgeons agree with the statement that success in the preventing reankylosis after TMJ gap arthroplasty. Its primarily refers to the early postoperative physiotherapy, maintained on a long term.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Congress Is About to Give Health Insurance Companies the Nuclear Weapon in the War on Physicians The benchmark solution intended to eliminate balance billing will lead to the collapse of the commercial insurance market negotiations with physicians who work in hospitals and drive reimbursement to the lowest levels. Saw this on the white coat investor forums. Many feel this is the Trojan horse insurances are trying to sneak into law to gut broader reimbursement.
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Pain Medicine Source Type: forums
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