Sirtuin 1 alleviates diabetic neuropathic pain by regulating synaptic plasticity of spinal dorsal horn neurons

In this study, we found that in the spinal dorsal horn of diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP) rats and db/db mice, decreased SIRT1 expression was accompanied by enhanced structural synaptic plasticity. The levels of postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD-95), growth-associated protein 43 (GAP43), and synaptophysin increased in the spinal dorsal horn of DNP rats and db/db mice and in high glucose–cultured primary spinal neurons. Upregulation of spinal SIRT1 by SIRT1 activator SRT1720 relieved pain behavior, inhibited the enhanced structural synaptic plasticity in rats and db/db mice with DNP, and decreased the levels of synapse-associated proteins in DNP rats, db/db mice, and high glucose–cultured spinal neurons. SIRT1-shRNA induced pain behavior and enhanced structural synaptic plasticity in normal rats and increased synapse-associated proteins levels in normal rats and spinal neurons. Intrathecal injection of AAV-Cre-EGFP into SIRT1flox/flox mice also induced pain behavior and enhanced synaptic plasticity of the spinal dorsal horn neurons. These results suggest that SIRT1 plays an important role in the progression of DNP by regulating synaptic plasticity of spinal dorsal horn neurons.
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

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Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Clinical Neurophysiology - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: research
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