Time perspective and quality of life in rectal cancer patients: An exploratory study.
[Time perspective and quality of life in rectal cancer patients: An exploratory study]. Bull Cancer. 2019 Apr 19;: Authors: Faury S, Zenad D, Laguette V, Rullier E, Denost Q, Quintard B Abstract The impact of rectal cancer on patient quality of life has been investigated but no research has yet examined the impact of time perspective in the assessment of quality of life of rectal cancer patients. Our goal is to explore the links between quality of life and time perspective and the role of time perspective as a determinant of quality of life. Data were collected from 69 patients who completed a questionnaire comprising a specific measure of quality of life (FACT-C), a measure of time perspective (ZTPI), a measure of emotional distress (HADS) and a collection of socio-demographic and medical data. Regression analyses revealed that present fatalist, past positive and future time perspective predicted quality of life. Present fatalist time perspective seemed to have a deleterious impact on specific measure of rectal cancer quality of life. Present fatalist and future time perspective predicted a better emotional quality of life whereas past positive predicted a worse emotional quality of life. These results suggest the importance of considering time perspective as a determinant of psychological quality of life in order to improve the QoL of patients. PMID: 31010631 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsEndosponge therapy is an effective treatment for the closure of presacral cavities with high success rate and leading to restored gastrointestinal continuity in 73%. However, despite endosponge therapy many patients develop major LARS.
The prognostic value of classifying the degree of metastatic lymph node regression grade after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy remains unclear. The aim was to assess the prognostic value of lymph node regression grade in patients with rectal cancer treated with chemoradiotherapy.
ConclusionsShort-term mortality rates were high in octogenarians operated for colorectal cancer. Short-term mortality rates differ across four North European countries, but decreased over time for both colon and rectal cancer patients in all countries.
ConclusionBoth TT and DS were protective factors for anastomotic leakage after anterior resection for rectal cancer. DS reduced severity of anastomotic leakage in a more effective way than TT placement. However, we still suggested the routing use of TT for decreasing the risk of anastomotic leakage in anterior resection because it was cheaper and technically simpler.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In North America, preoperative combination chemoradiation is the most commonly recommended and utilized approach to locally advanced rectal cancer. There is increasing interest in the use of induction chemotherapy (IC) before radiation and surgery in locally advanced rectal cancer. How widely IC is being used and whether it improves pathologic and oncologic outcomes is unknown. METHODS: We evaluated clinical stage 2 or 3 rectal cancer patients in the National Cancer Database between 2006 and 2015. We identified predictors of use of IC with multivariable logistic regression ...
ConclusionsRobotic transanal TME is a very recent procedure. Acclaimed greatest advantage of robotic transanal TME is the facilitation of dissection with an in-line view, which translates in an improved surgical field exposure and visualization. Further investigations are needed to assure the actual value of robotic transanal approach.
ConclusionsPrevention of recurrent right colon cancer is an import consideration for primary resection. However, if this duodenum is involved by recurrence, techniques for resection exist.
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: European Journal of Surgical OncologyAuthor(s): John Tapper, Stefan Arver, Torbjörn Holm, Matteo Bottai, Mikael Machado, Ravi Jasuja, Anna Martling, Christian BuchliAbstractAimThe aim of this study is to analyze postoperative adverse events (AE) in relation to acute primary testicular failure after radiotherapy (RT) for rectal cancer.MethodThis relation was assessed in 104 men, included in a previous prospective cohort study of men treated with surgical resection of the rectum for rectal cancer stage I-III. Postoperative AE were graded according to Clavien-Dindo (...
ConclusionsThis study shows that substituting plant protein for animal protein, especially red meat protein, is associated with a reduced risk of CRC, and suggests that protein source impacts CRC risk.
CONCLUSIONS: No weekday effect was found for elective colon and rectal cancer surgery in the Netherlands. Lower severe complication risk for elective rectal cancer surgery performed on a Friday may be caused by patient selection. PMID: 31319385 [PubMed - in process]