Evaluation of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever suspected cases admitted to a secondary care hospital in Kastamonu, Turkey between 2014-2017

Background: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is an endemic zoonosis in Kastamonu, Turkey. Clinical and laborato- ry findings may not be specific in the early phase of the disease, hence bringing a challenge to the clinician. Objective: We aimed to distinguish CCHF cases among all suspected cases by comparing them with non-CCHF cases with respect to characteristics during admission.Methods: Cases with a presumptive diagnosis of CCHF at a secondary care hospital in Kastamonu in between 2014-2017 were evaluated, retrospectively. CCHF and non-CCHF cases were compared with respect to their clinical, laboratory and epidemio- logical characteristics during admission.Results: Among 76 suspected patients,   CCHF was found in 46.1% of them. Four-year fatality rate was 9.6% in CCHF cases. The frequency of headache, nausea/vomiting, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia less than 50x109/L, AST-ALT and LDH elevation, tick bites and contact with blood or body fluids of animals in CCHF cases were significantly hig her than in non-CCHF cases (p
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research

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Authors: Kilinc C, Gückan R, Capraz M, Varol K, Zengin E, Mengeloglu Z, Menekse E Abstract BACKGROUND &OBJECTIVES: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a fatal disease, caused by a tick-borne virus (Nairovirus), having a high mortality rate. The study was aimed to evaluate the risk factors, the presenting symptoms and findings of the patients with prediagnosis of CCHF disease, and to compare these variables between the CCHF-positive and CCHF-negative patients. It was also aimed to develop a scoring formula for the diagnosis of CCHF. METHODS: In total, 281 patients who were admitted to the Sabuncuo...
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