Rebels without a clause: Processing reflexives in fronted wh-predicates
Publication date: August 2019Source: Journal of Memory and Language, Volume 107Author(s): Akira Omaki, Zoe Ovans, Anthony Yacovone, Brian DillonAbstractEnglish reflexives like herself tend to associate with a structurally prominent local antecedent in online processing. However, past work has primarily investigated reflexives in canonical direct object positions. The present study investigates cataphoric reflexives in fronted wh-predicates (e.g., The mechanic that James hired predicted how annoyed with himself the insurance agent would be). Here, the reflexive is encountered in advance of its grammatical antecedent. We ask two questions. First, will readers engage an anaphoric (backwards-looking) or cataphoric (forwards-looking) search for an antecedent? Two, how similar is this process to the retrieval process for direct object reflexives? In two eye-tracking experiments, we found that readers initially interpret a cataphoric reflexive anaphorically, and tend to associate the reflexive with the more recently encountered antecedent. We propose that structural guidance for reflexive resolution occurs only when the necessary configurational syntactic information is available when the reflexive is encountered.
Authors: Horton R, Lucassen A
Introduction: Clinical practice and research are traditionally seen as distinct activities that are governed by different principles and processes. Innovative technologies such as genomic testing challenge this model, involving many activities that cannot be easily categorized as purely research, or purely clinical care. Areas covered: We discuss the interdependence of research and clinical practice in the context of genomics, for example, when determining the significance of rare genetic variants, or diagnosing newly described rare diseases. We highlight the potential of the ...
CONCLUSIONS: The rate of incidental DT during decompression for LSS with and without fusion in ≥3 levels was associated with BMI and previous surgery at the same spinal level. Invasivness (SII) is valid rather for variables proper to surgery such as bledding and Op-time but no with incidence for DT and subsequent CSF-leackage.
PMID: 31601067 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Furst T, Hoffman H, Chin LS
BACKGROUND: Recent primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) literature indicates that younger patients benefit from improved survival, however, this benefit is not shared by those 70+ years of age. The purpose of this study is to examine mortality trends in PCNSL patients 70+ years of age to better understand why improved prognosis has not yet reached this rapidly growing population subset.
METHODS: 2075 cases (1973-2012, age at diagnosis 70+ years) within the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database were included in Kaplan-Meier and multiv...