Albuterol Before Tonsillectomy Protects Against Respiratory Problems Albuterol Before Tonsillectomy Protects Against Respiratory Problems

Preoperative inhaled albuterol can help protect against perioperative respiratory adverse events in young children undergoing anesthesia for tonsillectomy, according to data from the Australian REACT trial.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Medscape Today News Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 22 May 2019Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English Edition)Author(s): Hala S. Abdel-Ghaffar, Amani H. Abdel-Wahab, Mohammed M. Roushdy, Amira M.M. OsmanAbstractObjectivesThe administration of ketamine as nebulized inhalation is relatively new and studies on nebulized ketamine are scarce. We aimed to investigate the analgesic efficacy of nebulized ketamine (1 and 2 mg.kg−1) administered 30 min before general anesthesia in children undergoing elective tonsillectomy in comparison with intravenous ketamine (0.5 mg.kg−1) and saline placebo.MethodsOne hun...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Authors: Wu X, Shan C, Peng B, Shi X, Zhang F, Cao J Abstract Comparison of desflurane and sevoflurane on the postoperative recovery quality after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy in children was carried out. A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical records of 165 children who underwent tonsil and adenoid radiofrequency ablation under low-temperature plasma and were admitted to the Xuzhou Children's Hospital, Xuzhou Medical University from February 2014 to May 2017. In total, 79 children with sevoflurane anesthesia were in the sevoflurane group, and 86 children with desflurane anesthesia in the desflura...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31077491 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research
In conclusion, the mouse pharyngeal colonization model is an affordable and accessible experimental system that allows a broader group of research groups to test the importance of their findings in an in vivo model. There is a great deal of overlap between the bacterial and immune factors found to be important in human and murine pharyngeal colonization. Although MHC-II humanized mice could prove useful in answering certain questions, the use of inbred mouse lines appears to be sufficient for evaluation of most questions, both related to bacterial factors and the host immune response. However, when promising treatments or ...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Magnesium sulfate is an important adjuvant drug in the practice of anesthesia, with several clinical effects and a low incidence of adverse events when used at recommended doses. Introduction Magnesium is the fourth most common ion in the body, and it participates in several cellular processes, including protein synthesis, neuromuscular function and stability of nucleic acid, as well as regulating other electrolytes such as calcium and sodium. Magnesium acts as a cofactor in protein synthesis, neuromuscular function and stability and the function of nucleic acids. It is a component of adenosine 5-triph...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Infusion of ketofol in children undergoing tonsillectomy provides shorter recovery time and lower incidence of EA despite the non significant difference with propofol.Keywords:  Emergence agitation, ketofol, propofol.
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of preoperative administration of albuterol vs placebo on the rates of perioperative respiratory adverse events in young children undergoing tonsillectomy.
Source: JAMA Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Research has improved practitioner awareness of the impact of individual characteristics on responses to painful procedures. However, there is little data relating pre-existing temperament profiles and post-surgical/anesthesia outcomes in pediatric patients. In particular, it is not clear how best to identify which patients are at risk of poor post-surgical outcomes. AIM: In this prospective study, we examined relationships between preoperative measures of child temperament and post-operative pain/behavioral outcomes of children undergoing tonsillectomy/adenoidectomy surgeries. We sought ...
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research
A 26-year-old male patient with hypofibrinogenemia was scheduled to undergo tonsillectomy. Hypofibrinogenemia, defined as low plasma fibrinogen (Fbg) concentration, is a type of congenital Fbg deficiency and is a rare coagulopathy. Perioperative replenishment of Fbg is performed during minor surgeries, aimed at maintaining plasma Fbg concentrations of 50 mg/dL. In this case, failure to replenish Fbg during the postoperative period may have caused the postoperative hemorrhage. Considering the half-life of Fbg (3–4 days), the plasma Fbg concentration should be monitored for ≥6 postoperative days, aiming at a ...
Source: A&A Case Reports - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The role of the anesthesiologist is pediatric OSAS is crucial before, during and after surgery, as pediatric patients are at higher risk of preoperative, perioperative and postoperative adverse events including airway obstruction, PONV, and bleeding. PMID: 30920637 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
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