Human Macrophages Clear the Biovar Microtus Strain of Yersinia pestis More Efficiently Than Murine Macrophages
Human Macrophages Clear the Biovar Microtus Strain of Yersinia pestis More Efficiently Than Murine Macrophages Qingwen Zhang1†, Youquan Xin1†, Haihong Zhao1, Rongjiao Liu2, Xiaoqing Xu1, Yanfeng Yan2, Zhipeng Kong1, Tong Wang2, Zhizhen Qi1, Qi Zhang1, Yang You2, Yajun Song2, Yujun Cui2, Ruifu Yang2*, Xuefei Zhang1* and Zongmin Du2* 1Qinghai Institute for Endemic Disease Prevention and Control, Xining, China 2State Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Biosecurity, Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, Beijing, China Yersinia pestis is the etiological agent of the notorious plague that has claimed millions of deaths in history. Of the four known Y. pestis biovars (Antiqua, Medievalis, Orientalis, and Microtus), Microtus strains are unique for being highly virulent in mice but avirulent in humans. Here, human peripheral lymphocytes were infected with the fully virulent 141 strain or the Microtus strain 201, and their transcriptomes were determined and compared. The most notable finding was that robust responses in the pathways for cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, chemokine signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor signaling and Jak-STAT signaling were induced at 2 h post infection (hpi) in the 201- but not the 141-infected lymphocytes, suggesting that human lymphocytes might be able to constrain infections caused by strain 201 but not 141. Consistent with the transcriptome results, much higher IFN-γ and IL-1β were present in the supe...
Authors: Stefani KM, Richards JR, Newman J, Poole KG, Scott SC, Scheckel CJ Abstract Context: Access to primary care (PC) improves health outcomes and decreases health care costs. The shortage of PC physicians and shifting physician workforce makes this an ongoing concern. Osteopathic medical schools are making strides to fill this void. Considering the critical need for PC physicians in the United States, this study aims to identify factors related to choosing a PC specialty. Objective: To understand possible motivations of osteopathic medical students pursuing a career in PC specialties by examining the role ...
Authors: Ozuna L, Champion C, Yorkgitis BK Abstract In the United States, nearly 40,000 deaths per year are firearm related. Among these fatalities are approximately 1300 children. In addition, there are more than 20,000 unintentional firearm injuries per year. Osteopathic physicians have a unique opportunity to affect this public health concern through patient education. Several evidenced-based recommendations can be incorporated at the bedside to reduce firearm injuries and deaths, including gun education, safe storage, and proper disposal. PMID: 32451541 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2020Source: Annals of Emergency MedicineAuthor(s): Fenglu Yang, YiJun Yuan, Yinli Song, Xiao Lu
CONCLUSION: The patterns of care and treatment outcomes were potentially consistent with world standards, needing future validation. This is the largest study of newly diagnosed nasopharyngeal cancer in Indonesia, a huge disease burden, providing an important basis for the clinical management of this disease. PMID: 32458659 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Wang Z, Liang J, Chen J, Mei S, Liu Q Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Anastomotic leakage is one of the most serious complications after laparoscopic low anterior resection Low Anterior Resection (LAR) for rectal cancers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a transanal drainage tube placed for the prevention of anastomotic leakage after laparoscopic LAR. METHODS: The clinical data of 220 patients with rectal cancer who underwent laparoscopic LAR using the double stapling technique Double Stapling Department of Colorectal Surgery, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Re...
CONCLUSIONS: H. pylori infection remains common infection in Cambodia. High prevalence of clarithromycin, metronidazole, levofloxacin and multidrug-resistant H. pylori is still major problems in Cambodia. Treatment regimens without clarithromycin and quinolone such as 14-day bismuth-based quadruple therapy might be an appropriate choice for H. pylori eradication in this particular area. PMID: 32458649 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: Considering the economic and health benefits of all the strategies, our results suggested careHPV every 3 or 5 years and VIA/VILI every 1 or 3 years eventually were more appropriate as screening methods in rural China. PMID: 32458639 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: Optimised Dako FISH protocol was noted to be more suited for detecting SYT-SSX FISH signals on paraffin embedded tissues in comparison to Cytocell FISH protocol. PMID: 32458628 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Gatellier L, Matsuda T, Sabapathy K, Dai M, Dewi LKM, Huong TT, Kardinah K, Thuan TV, Park JB, He J, Nansalmaa E, Luvsandorj B, Hwang WYK, Sengar M, Pramesh CS, Suzuki T Abstract The socioeconomic burden of cancer is growing rapidly in the Asian region, with a concentrated burden on low- and middle- income countries. The residents of this region, representing almost 60% of the global population, demonstrate an eclectic and complex nature, with huge disparities in ethnicity, sociocultural practices among others. The Asian National Cancer Centers Alliance (ANCCA) was established in 2005 by heads of several n...
Authors: Seth T, Shankar A, Roy S, Saini D PMID: 32458618 [PubMed - in process]
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