Psychotropic substance abuse and fitness to hold a driving license in Italy.

CONCLUSION: Cocaine and cannabinoids were the most used substances in the analyzed population, alone and in combination. Benzodiazepines were the most commonly detected prescription medication, raising questions about prescribed medication and driving risk that are not addressed by current legislation. PMID: 31013165 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

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This study investigated the mediating effects of social support and depres...
Source: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
Valentine’s Day is a time to show your appreciation for those you love, often with gifts, a special dinner or even doing a few chores so that they can relax and feel at ease. But, when addiction is part of your relationship, there can be a very fine line between showing your love and support and enabling substance use with codependent behavior. This is especially true in romantic and parent-child relationships where one partner or the child is battling addiction. Naturally, we want so badly to help our partner or child get better, protect them from harm, and maintain the relationship by keeping the peace, that it&rsq...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Addiction Alcoholism Recovery Relationships Substance Abuse Addiction Recovery addiction support Codependency Codependent Coercion Enabling Guilt Trip Manipulation Source Type: blogs
This study uses student reflective essays to explore these formative educational experiences. METHODS: Using content analysis, the authors analyzed a collection of 802 medical student reflective essays written during core clerkships (excluding Psychiatry), coding for ethical and professional themes as well as descriptions of substance use disorders. In addition to the qualitative identification of themes, the authors used chi-square analysis to determine which themes had statistically significant associations with substance use disorders. RESULTS: Fifty-three essays described patients with substance use disorders. ...
Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acad Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionThese results highlight the importance of knowing which factors influence TST results, such as HIV status, substance abuse or age, thus improving its usefulness as a screening method for LTBI.
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Comorbidities such as chronic hypertension and kidney failure were less frequent than in patients with other PRES etiologies. Imaging analysis did not highlight a specific pattern for poisoning-induced PRES. Although less described, PRES in the context of poisoning, which shares most of the clinical and radiological characteristics of other etiologies, is not to be ignored.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: The TIP (Traumatic Injury Prevention) Project evaluated the impact on post-injury drug use of two brief motivational interventions compared to brief advice (BA) among injured patients who use drugs. METHOD: Three-group, single blind, ra...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
This study shows that Twitter can be used to explore the specific sociocultural contexts in which excessive alcohol use occurs within particular regions and communities. These findings can inform more targeted public health messaging and help to better understand cultural determinants of substance abuse.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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Source: Substance Abuse - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
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