Thirty Years of Minimally Invasive Surgery in Children: Analysis of Meta-Analyses

Conclusion In the available MAs, the advantages of MIS seem to outnumber the disadvantages. However, for some types of procedures, MIS may have considerable disadvantages. More randomized controlled trials are required to confirm the advantage of MIS for most procedures. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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This study lists the various anomalies on the basis of 504 references selected from a PubMed search in October 2018. RESULTS: The anomalies are grouped into three categories: anatomical anomalies: duodenal atresia and stenosis (3.9%), duodenal web and annular pancreas; aberrant right subclavian artery (12% of children with DS with cardiac anomaly); Hirschsprung's disease (2.76%); anorectal malformation (1.16%); congenital vascular malformations of the liver; orofacial cleft, bifid uvula (4.63%), and submucous orofacial cleft; esophageal atresia (0.5-0.9%); pyloric stenosis (0.3%); diaphragmatic hernia; malrotation of ...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research
ConclusionsCDH survivors frequently have various issues with feeding, which may not be adequately supported or discussed clinically. It is desirable to assist the patients to reliable resources of long-term support, including multidisciplinary team (MDT) approach.
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusion GRAVITAS is a feasible method for staged closure of large omphaloceles when successful primary closure is deemed questionable. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: Normal esophageal wave patterns are present in the investigated patients with iCDH. EGJ end-expiratory pressure seems lower in patients with iCDH without patch suggesting a decreased EGJ barrier function hence increased vulnerability to gastroesophageal reflux. Patch repair appears to increase end-expiratory pressure at the EGJ above that of controls suggesting that patch surgery tightens the EGJ, thereby increasing flow resistance. This is in line with the increased Pressure Flow Index. In infants with a patch, the inspiration-expiration pressure difference is lower, reflecting diminished activity of the crural diaphragm.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
The age of presentation of reflux symptoms and their self-cure in babies without a sliding hernia parallel those of mild pyloric stenosis of infancy (PS). It is proposed that this is because PS and, at least some cases of reflux, share the same cause —a temporary hold-up at the pyloric sphincter owing to acid provoked hypertrophy of the pyloric sphincter.In support of this theory, the written observations of John Thomson, Pediatrician from Edinburgh, in 1921 and Isabella Forshall, Pediatric Surgeon from Alder Hey Hospital, Liverpool, in 1958 a re revisited.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research
Sleep Is Compromised in −12° Head Down Tilt Position Alessa L. Boschert1*, David Elmenhorst2,3, Peter Gauger1, Zhili Li4, Maria T. Garcia-Gutierrez5, Darius Gerlach1, Bernd Johannes1, Jochen Zange1, Andreas Bauer2,6 and Jörn Rittweger1,7 1Department of Muscle and Bone Metabolism, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Cologne, Germany 2Forschungszentrum Jülich, Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM-2), Jülich, Germany 3Division of Medical Psychology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany 4State Key Laboratory of Space Medicine Fundamentals and Application, China ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
ConclusionAlthough there has not any literature demonstrating significant benefits of one procedure, we detected with this largest study in the pediatric literature about Boix-Ochoa fundoplication (more physiologic and easily performed) that it was successful (95%) in protecting reflux even in neurologically impaired patients (98%). We consider Boix-Ochoa (partial fundoplication) to be an alternative method to Nissen (complete fundoplication), and it can be done safely with a high success rate.
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
The objective data comes from what you measure as an outcome. The device is the trainer. Again, use pressure threshold and then set out to measure the outcomes, a scale, a swallow exam, a cough flow rate, a voice quality, etc. Participant: How do you establish goals? There are norms for peak cough, is this what you use? Kiourkas: Respiratory uses cough peak flow to qualify for noninvasive ventilation for ALS and neuromuscular patients. The norms are different for each person. Suggested ranges are used as a guide to assist in determining if the patient is getting worse at subsequent visits. We also use a SNIP (sniffing pres...
Source: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Press Releases - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Academia & Research Health Care Private Practice Schools Slider Speech-Language Pathology Dysphagia dyspnea muscle strength skilled nursing facility Swallowing Disorders Source Type: blogs
Discussion Gastrostomy tubes (GT or GTubes) have been used to support patients for about a century. They are placed between the abdominal skin and the stomach either percutaneously or surgically. The tubes can be a standard long tube with either a bumper or inflatable balloon internally and externally they have a retention piece to hold the GT in place. A button or low profile tube are similar but extend just beyond the skin. Reasons for GT placement include: Nutritional support Hydration maintenance Medication management Aspiration avoidance Gastric stasis decompression Obstruction bypass Quality of life improvement for...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
European J Pediatr Surg Rep 2018; 06: e100-e103 DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1675377Lung hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension (PH) in association with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) may cause fatal respiratory failure. Lung transplantation (Ltx) may represent an option for CDH-related end-stage pulmonary failure. The aim of this study is to report a patient with CDH who underwent Ltx or combined heart-lung transplantation (H-Ltx). Our patient was born at 33 weeks of gestation, with a prenatally diagnosed isolated left CDH. Twenty-four hours after birth, she underwent surgical repair of a type D defect (according to the CDH ...
Source: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
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