Modifiable Lifestyle Factors and Cognitive Function in Older People: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study

Conclusions: Lifestyle factors, such as physical activity, sleep, and social activity appear to be associated with cognitive function among older people. Physical activity and appropriate durations of sleep and conversation are important for cognitive function. Introduction Dementia is a major public health issue worldwide, with a serious burden for patients, caregivers, and society, as well as substantial economic impacts (1). Although the prevalence of late-life cognitive impairment and dementia are expected to increase in future, effective disease-modifying treatments are currently unavailable. Therefore, understanding the modifiable risk factors and developing evidence-based interventions for delaying or preventing cognitive impairment is an important challenge. Numerous observational studies have reported a range of potentially modifiable risk factors for dementia, including lower levels of education, midlife hypertension, midlife obesity, diabetes mellitus, smoking, and late-life depression, as well as social isolation, physical inactivity, and hearing loss (2–6). Depression, physical inactivity, and social isolation are particularly important predictors of late-life cognitive impairment (4, 7). Sleep disturbance is also prevalent among older people, representing a risk factor for cognitive impairment (8–11). However, most previous studies have used self-report questionnaires, which can have problems with reliability and consistency due to recall bia...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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Authors: Noda A, Sakai T, Obara T, Miyazaki M, Tsuchiya M, Oyanagi G, Murai Y, Mano N Abstract BACKGROUND: There are no reports on investigations of the characteristics of adverse drug reaction (ADR) reports for pediatric patients in the Japanese Adverse Drug Event Report database (JADER) and the utility of database for drug safety surveillance in these patients. METHOD: We aimed to evaluate ADR reports for pediatric patients in the JADER. We used spontaneous ADR reports included in the JADER since April 1, 2004, to December 31, 2017, which was downloaded in April 2018. In a total of 504,407 ADR reports, the nu...
Source: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: BMC Pharmacol Toxicol Source Type: research
Authors: Ambrosino I, Barbagelata E, Ortona E, Ruggieri A, Massiah G, Giannico OV, Politi C, Moretti AM Abstract In December 2019 a novel coronavirus emerged in Wuhan, China causing many cases of severe pneumonia. World Health Organization (WHO) named this disease Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). The infection has rapidly spread across China to many other countries, and on March 12, 2020 the WHO declared pandemic outbreak of COVID-19. As of May 16, 2020, COVID-19 has been diagnosed in more than 4,490,000 patients, associated to 305,976 deaths worldwide; in Italy 224,760 COVID-19 cases have been reported with 31...
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Yadav SR, Kumar R, Gupta N, Ish P, Chakrabarti S, Kumar A Abstract To the Editor Novel Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) was first notified in December 2019 from Wuhan, China. Now, it has spread rapidly and has been declared a pandemic affecting over 200 countries with widespread morbidity and mortality. It has been postulated that the most vulnerable population are the elderly, people living in crowded areas, children and immune-compromised individuals, such as people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The correlation of tuberculosis (TB), HIV and malnutrition are well documented and hence, peop...
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
The interplay of Hypertension, ACE-2 and SARS-CoV-2: Emerging data as the "Ariadne's thread" for the "labyrinth" of COVID-19. Hellenic J Cardiol. 2020 May 22;: Authors: Tsioufis C, Dimitriadis K, Tousoulis D PMID: 32450334 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Hellenic J Cardiol Source Type: research
The adoption of interventions for infants and young children with disabilities/delays or at risk of disability/delay is likely to be influenced by sources other than research evidence. Where the available research evidence does influence the choice of intervention, there may be difficulties translating research that has been implemented in a controlled environment to an intervention that can be successfully applied in natural settings. Such settings include the family home as well as early childhood education and care centers. Incentives for the use of evidence-based interventions in early intervention settings include imp...
Source: Infants and Young Children - Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research
The National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) was introduced in Australia in 2013 to address the inadequacies of a fragmented and underfunded service system for people with disabilities. For young children with developmental disabilities, NDIS services fall under the early childhood early intervention (ECEI) approach, the impact of which is yet to be documented. Considering the critical role of families in supporting their children with a disability, the aim of the present study was therefore to examine their experiences of the ECEI approach in the State of Victoria. Seventeen parents participated in interviews and focus...
Source: Infants and Young Children - Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study identified the most accurate and reliable machine learning methods, which could enhance the application of radiomics methods in the precision of diagnosis of NPC.
Source: Molecular Imaging and Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe results demonstrate that even subtle changes in vessel morphology can be noninvasively quantified. This is of great interest for AD, but also to other models of neurodegenerative diseases involving macrovascular dysfunction.
Source: Molecular Imaging and Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe new PET radiotracer [18F]AF78 demonstrated high affinity for NET and favourable biodistribution in rats. A structure-activity relationship between radiotracer structures and affinity for NET was revealed, which may serve as the basis for the further design of NET targeting radiotracers with favourable features.
Source: Molecular Imaging and Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionsUnlike [18F]FDG, [18F]BODIPY 1 showed prominent accumulation in BAT under both inactive and stimulated status. [18F]BODIPY 1 may serve as a valuable BAT PET agent to possibly assess BAT mitochondria density, thus BAT thermogenic capacity after further evaluation.
Source: Molecular Imaging and Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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