Anemia and its associated factors among school-age children living in different climatic zones of Arba Minch Zuria District, Southern Ethiopia

AbstractBackgroundAnemia, defined as a low blood hemoglobin concentration, has been shown to be a major public health concern in low-income countries like Ethiopia. School-age children are the most vulnerable population groups for anemia. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of anemia, with consideration of altitudinal variations, and to identify factors associated with anemia among school-age children.MethodsA community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from April to May 2017 among randomly selected 391 school-age children (6 to 14  years) in Arba Minch Health and Demographic Surveillance Site, Southern Ethiopia. Hemoglobin concentration was measured on the spot using portable hemoglobinometer (HemoCue Hb 201). The hemoglobin cut off values, adjusted for child age and altitude, were used to define anemia. Stool microscopic e xamination was done for investigation of intestinal parasites. A binary logistic regression model was used to assess the possible association of independent and outcome variables.ResultsThe overall prevalence of anemia was 37.3% (146); (95% CI: 32.5, 42.2). Among those who were anemic, 110 (28.1%) and 35 (9%) had mild (Hb 11 –11.4 g/dl for children age from 6 to 11 years and 11–11.9 g/dl for children age from 12 to 14 years) and moderate (Hb 8–10.9 g/dl) anemia respectively. A single case of severe (Hb 
Source: BMC Hematology - Category: Hematology Source Type: research

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Source: Advances in Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Adv Hematol Source Type: research
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Source: Infection and Immunity - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Host Response and Inflammation Source Type: research
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Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
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Source: Clinical and Developmental Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Clin Exp Immunol Source Type: research
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Source: Parasitology International - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Digital Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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Source: Haematologica - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Haematologica Source Type: research
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