Targeting human brain cancer stem cells by curcumin-loaded nanoparticles grafted with anti-aldehyde dehydrogenase and sialic acid: Colocalization of ALDH and CD44

Publication date: Available online 22 April 2019Source: Materials Science and Engineering: CAuthor(s): Yung-Chih Kuo, Li-Jung Wang, Rajendiran RajeshAbstractThe use of chemotherapy against brain tumors faces various limitations to achieving its therapeutic effect, due to both the inability of anticancer agents to cross the blood–brain barrier (BBB) and the formation of brain cancer stem cells (BCSCs). Without adequate exposure, these chemotherapeutic drugs cannot have an antiproliferative effect on the tumors. Here, we developed curcumin (CCM)-loaded chitosan-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) modified with sialic acid (SA) to permeate the BBB and with anti-aldehyde dehydrogenase (anti-ALDH) to target BCSCs. An increased chitosan concentration plays a pivotal role in maintaining a steady release of CCM from NPs. The viability of BBB cells and transendothelial electrical resistance were maintained after treatment with NPs for 4 h. Immunochemical staining of human brain microvascular endothelial cells confirmed that modification of SA on the surface of NPs greatly helped in permeation of the BBB through the use of N-acetylglucosamine. In addition, immunofluorescence images evidenced the assistance of anti-ALDH in inhibiting U87MG cells and BCSCs through targeting ALDH. ALDH was colocalized with CD44 in U87MG cells and BCSCs. The cell viability assay of U87MG cells and BCSCs supported the high level of inhibition after treatment with anti-ALDH-modif...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Related Links:

iran K. Velpula Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive and deadly brain tumor, portending a median 13-month survival even following gross total resection with adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy. This prognosis necessitates improved therapies for the disease. A target of interest for novel chemotherapies is the Warburg Effect, which describes the tumor’s shift away from oxidative phosphorylation towards glycolysis. Here, we elucidate GLUT1 (Glucose transporter 1) and one of its associated binding partners, TUBB4 (Tubulin 4), as potentially druggable targets in GBM. Using data mining approach,...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study aimed to analyze the role of microRNA-181d associated with the methylation status of the O6-methylguanine methyl transferase (MGMT) gene in Glioblastoma Multiforme cancer stem cells subjected to treatment with temozolomide and ionizing radiation. Such responses were analyzed in terms of cell survival, evaluation of the MGMT gene methylation status by MS- HRM (Methylation-Sensitive High Resolution Melting), and analysis of miRNA-181d and MGMT gene expression by relative quantification of mRNA levels in cancer stem cells subjected to treatment with temozolomide and ionizing radiation, isolated or combined. We show...
Source: Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Res Source Type: research
Abstract The use of chemotherapy against brain tumors faces various limitations to achieving its therapeutic effect, due to both the inability of anticancer agents to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the formation of brain cancer stem cells (BCSCs). Without adequate exposure, these chemotherapeutic drugs cannot have an antiproliferative effect on the tumors. Here, we developed curcumin (CCM)-loaded chitosan-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) modified with sialic acid (SA) to permeate the BBB and with anti-aldehyde dehydrogenase (anti-ALDH) to target BCSCs. An increased chitosan concent...
Source: Appl Human Sci - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl Source Type: research
In conclusion, our results indicate that HDACis are promising candidates for blocking vascular mimicry in GBM.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore novel biomarkers for GBM prognosis prediction. The gene expression profiles from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets of GBM were downloaded. A total of 2241 overlapping differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified from TCGA and GSE7696 datasets. By univariate COX regression survival analysis, 292 survival-related genes were found among these DEGs (p
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Antonio Lucena-Cacace1, Masayuki Umeda1, Lola E. Navas2,3 and Amancio Carnero2,3* 1Department of Cell Growth and Differentiation, Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan 2CIBERONC, ISCIII, Madrid, Spain 3Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBIS), Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío (HUVR), CSIC, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain Glioma Cancer Stem-Like Cells (GSCs) are a small subset of CD133+ cells with self-renewal properties and capable of initiating new tumors contributing to Glioma progression, maintenance, hierarchy, and complexity. GSCs are highly res...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, to improve our understanding of the role of ATP1A1 in the malignant phenotype and pathogenesis of GSCs, we evaluated ATP1A1 expression in GBMs of different grades and in two primary GSC lines established from human GBM tissues. We evaluated the role of ATP1A1 in GSC growth, its interactions with Src, and the activation of the ERK1/2 and AKT pathways. Our results revealed that ATP1A1 acts as an oncogene in our GSC models and targeting ATP1A1/Src may suppress GSC proliferation and growth. Materials and Methods Cell Isolation and Culture Human brain GBM tissues were from pathologically confirmed surgical spe...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Xuequn Xu†, J. N. Rashida Gnanaprakasam†, John Sherman† and Ruoning Wang* Center for Childhood Cancer and Blood Diseases, Hematology/Oncology &BMT, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, United States The adoptive transfer of T cells expressing chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) through genetic engineering is one of the most promising new therapies for treating cancer patients. A robust CAR T cell-mediated anti-tumor response requires the coordination of nutrient and energy supplies with CAR T cell expansion and function. Howe...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: This meta-analysis demonstrated that CD44 overexpression might be an unfavorable prognostic factor for CRC patients and could be used to predict poor differentiation, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis. Introduction Although therapies for colorectal cancer (CRC) has improved in recent years, colorectal cancer is still the third most common cause of cancer related death worldwide (1). Metastasis are observed in 25% of patients at initial diagnosis and approximately 50% of patients will develop metastasis (2). Presently, the outcome prediction and the therapy schedule determination of CRC patie...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Chiu-Min Lin1†, Ching-Fang Yu2,3†, Hsueh-Ya Huang1,4, Fang-Hsin Chen2,3,5, Ji-Hong Hong2,3,5 and Chi-Shiun Chiang1,6,7* 1Department of Biomedical Engineering and Environmental Sciences, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan 2Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Linkou Branch, Taoyuan, Taiwan 3Radiation Biology Research Center, Institute for Radiological Research, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan 4Education &Medical Research National Taiwan University Hospital Hsin-Chu Branch, Hsinchu, Taiwan 5Department of Medical Imaging an...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
More News: Brain | Brain Cancers | Brain Tumor | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Chemotherapy | Materials Science | Nanotechnology | Neurology | Science | Stem Cell Therapy | Stem Cells | Study | Turmeric