Association between glycated haemoglobin, glycated albumin and fructosamine with neonatal birthweight and large-for-date status infants in gestational diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study.

This study aims to investigate associations between glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), glycated albumin (GA) and fructosamine with neonatal birthweight in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The prospective cohort consisted of 82 women with GDM and their newborns, enrolled between November 2016 and September 2017. Considering neonatal birthweight and birthweights ≥90th percentile for gestational age as outcomes, linear and logistic regression models were used, respectively. Fructosamine (R2=0.62) and GA (R2=0.61) performed very similarly between them and best than HbA1c (R2=0.58). The added value of GA or fructosamine to HbA1c resulted in increase in models' performances. GA attained the best discriminative ability regarding large-for-date status babies (AUC = 0.80, OR-estimate 1.58, p=.001) followed by fructosamine (AUC = 0.78, OR-estimate 1.42, p=.001) and HbA1c (AUC = 0.69, OR-estimate 3.09, p=.070). GA and fructosamine, besides from providing additional information to HbA1c, when used separately perform better than the traditional biomarker in predicting neonatal birthweight and large-for-date babies in pregnant women with GDM. Impact statement What is already known on this subject? HbA1c is the standard glycaemic indicator used in GDM. Its association with birthweight and large-for-date status has been previously reported. However, it has become increasingly questionable whether it is a suitable glycaemic marker in pregnancy. There is a growing interest in other non-tradi...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research

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This report focuses on the clinical features of these recipients with succ essful delivery of newborns at Tokyo Women’s Medical University approximately 40–50 years ago. Three of the recipients [type 2 diabetes,n  =  2 (cases 1 and 3); type 1 diabetes,n  =  1 (case 4)] were treated before, during and after pregnancy, whereas one patient with type 2 diabetes (case 2) was only treated during pregnancy. Even though three recipients had a past history of stillbirth due to insufficient control of diabetes, all four recipients were directed to try to main tain normoglycemia before and...
Source: Diabetology International - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2019Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes, Volume 43, Issue 8Author(s): Lisa D. Alexander, George Tomlinson, Denice S. FeigAbstractObjectiveOur aim in this study was to compare the effects of risk factors for large-for-gestational-age (LGA) birthweight between women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (TIDM and T2DM, respectively).MethodsA retrospective cohort study was conducted for women with T1DM (n=152) and T2DM (n=255) attending a diabetes/pregnancy clinic during the period from 2009 to 2016. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify variables associated with LGA birthwe...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Pregnancy provides an important opportunity for health professionals to educate and support women with pre-pregnancy diabetes about their breastfeeding intentions. PMID: 31239238 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Women Birth - Category: Midwifery Authors: Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research
Breastfeeding has significant health benefits for maternal and infant health, yet women with pre-pregnancy diabetes (type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus) are often less likely to breastfeed compared with other childbearing women.
Source: Women and Birth - Category: Midwifery Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Two new studies (406 women) have been incorporated to one of the comparisons for this update. Although the evidence suggests that CGM in comparison to intermittent glucose monitoring may reduce hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, this did not translate into a clear reduction for pre-eclampsia, and so this result should be viewed with caution. No differences were observed for other primary outcomes for this comparison. The evidence base for the effectiveness of other monitoring techniques analysed in the other five comparisons is weak and based on mainly single studies with very low-quality evidence. Additiona...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Sarah K. Azzam1, Wael M. Osman2, Sungmun Lee1, Kinda Khalaf1, Ahsan H. Khandoker1, Wael Almahmeed3,4, Herbert F. Jelinek5 and Habiba S. Al Safar1,2* 1Biomedical Engineering Department, Khalifa University of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 2Khalifa University Center of Biotechnology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 3Institute of Cardiac Science, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 4Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 5Australian School of Advanced Medicine, Sydney and School of Community Health, Charles Sturt University, Ma...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Studying proteome changes in diabetes can deepen our understanding of the biomolecular basis of disease and help us acquire more efficient therapies. PMID: 31038056 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
Maunil K. Desai1 and Roberta Diaz Brinton2,3* 1School of Pharmacy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States 2Center for Innovation in Brain Science, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United States 3Departments of Pharmacology and Neurology, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United States Women have a higher incidence and prevalence of autoimmune diseases than men, and 85% or more patients of multiple autoimmune diseases are female. Women undergo sweeping endocrinological changes at least twice during their lifetime, puberty and menopause, with many women undergoin...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This study aimed to compare the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with moderate-intensity continuous training (MCT) on endothelial function, oxidative stress and clinical fitness in patients with type 1 diabetes. Thirty-six type 1 diabetic patients (mean age 23.5 ± 6 years) were randomized into 3 groups: HIIT, MCT, and a non-exercising group (CON). Exercise was performed in a stationary cycle ergometers during 40 min, 3 times/week, for 8 weeks at 50–85% maximal heart rate (HRmax) in HIIT and 50% HRmax in MCT. Endothelial function was measured by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) [endothelium-depende...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
In this study, we explore shared epigenetic mechanisms of the association between mtDNA content and insulin levels, supporting the developmental origins of this link. First, the association between cord blood insulin and mtDNA content in 882 newborns of the ENVIRONAGE birth cohort was assessed. Cord blood mtDNA content was established via qPCR, while cord blood levels of insulin were determined using electrochemiluminescence immunoassays. Then the cord blood DNA methylome and transcriptome were determined in 179 newborns, using the human 450K methylation Illumina and Agilent Whole Human Genome 8 × 60 K microarrays, r...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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