Heterogeneity of treatment effects in a randomized trial of literacy-adapted group cognitive-behavioral therapy, pain psychoeducation, and usual medical care for multiply disadvantaged patients with chronic pain

Chronic pain affects over 100 million American adults, costing up to $635 billion annually.27,28 Although recent advances have increased our understanding of treatment efficacy for chronic pain, about 40% of individuals report inadequate pain relief.7 Many individuals suffer from the negative effects of chronic pain, such as frequent absence from work and unemployment,6,19 limitations in physical activities,54 disability,47 decreased social interactions and/or perceived support,9,12 depression35 and anxiety.
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 20 July 2019Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Sarvnaz Sepehripour, Elizabeth Chipp
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 July 2019Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical AnaesthesiologyAuthor(s): Mark R. Jones, Matthew B. Novitch, Sudipta Sen, Nadia Hernandez, Johanna Blair De Haan, Rebecca A. Budish, Christopher Bailey, Joseph Ragusa, Pankaj Thakur, Vwaire Orhurhu, Ivan Urits, Elyse M. Cornett, Alan David KayeAbstractSurgeries and chronic pain states of the upper extremity are quite common and pose unique challenges for the clinical anesthesiology and pain specialists. Most innervation of the upper extremity involves the brachial plexus. The four most common brachial plexus blocks performed in clin...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
ConclusionOver 60% of Medicare patients with asthma continued and were adherent to omalizumab over 12-month follow-up. Patient age, LIS status, and the numbers of evaluation and management physician visits were among factors associated with treatment adherence and discontinuation.
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions and implicationsThe predictive patterns of phonological awareness on reading fluency are complex and depend on many factors, while vocabulary knowledge is an important and consistent predictor for both deaf and hearing children.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
Authors: PMID: 31322038 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research
This study examined the relationship of living environment (urban vs. suburban vs. small-town/rural) to social anxiety (SA) in a sample of 902 TGNC individuals who participated in the Trans Health Survey. Analysis of variance revealed a significant difference in SA across living environments. Those living in small-town/rural environments reported significantly higher levels of SA compared to those living in urban environments. There was a trend-level difference in SA in suburban compared to urban environments. Linear regression analyses revealed that living environment significantly moderated the relationship between socia...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our findings might indicate that the comorbidity of SeAD with SAD may increase the risk of the severity of AvPD and current depression. PMID: 31322453 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study investigated the prevalence of depression and explored fatigue, QOL, and pain that is associated with depression in patients on first admission to a hematologic oncology unit. METHODS: This descriptive study measured depression, QOL, and fatigue with the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT)-General, and the FACT-Anemia scale, respectively. Pain levels were examined with a numeric rating scale. FINDINGS: 58 patients participated; 17 reported moderate to severe depression, which highly correlated with fatigue, QOL, and pain. Among all factors, multivariate an...
Source: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Clin J Oncol Nurs Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 July 2019Source: Journal of Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Jacob Gordon, Monica C. Pillon, Robin E. StanleyAbstractThe ribosome plays a universal role in translating the cellular proteome. Defects in the ribosome assembly factor Las1L are associated with congenital lethal motor neuron disease and X-linked intellectual disability disorders, yet its role in processing precursor ribosomal RNA (pre-rRNA) is largely unclear. The Las1L endoribonuclease associates with the Nol9 polynucleotide kinase to form the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) pre-rRNA endonuclease–kinase machinery. Tog...
Source: Journal of Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
In conclusion, documentation is important, a critical part of advocacy and the development process at the larger scale. It isn't just words, but rather a vital structural flow of information from one part of the larger community to another, necessary to sustain progress in any complex field. We would all do well to remember this - and to see that building this documentation is an activity in which we can all pitch in to help. Evidence Suggests that, at Least in Earlier Stages, Alzheimer's Disease Blocks Rather than Destroys Memories https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2017/07/evidence-suggests-that-at-least-in-ea...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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