Interventions for improved diabetes control and self-management among those experiencing homelessness: protocol for a mixed methods scoping review

DiscussionThose experiencing homelessness who also have diabetes often struggle to manage their chronic condition. When care is tailored to suit their needs, it is feasible that outcomes may be improved. By collating and synthesizing information from diverse organizations and jurisdictions, we hope to facilitate the sharing of knowledge with others who wish to provide this type of care.
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions/interpretationMost people with HbA1c-defined prediabetes remained prediabetic or progressed to diabetes during 5  years of follow-up. In contrast, reversion to normoglycaemia was frequent among people with FPG- or 2hPG-defined prediabetes. Only reversion from 2hPG-defined prediabetes to normoglycaemia was associated with a reduction in future risk of CVD and death.
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions/interpretationMaternal obesity is associated with increased incidence of type 2 diabetes in the offspring. Evidence-based strategies that reduce obesity among women of reproductive age and that might reduce the incidence of diabetes in their offspring are urgently required.
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
The values given for copeptin levels in men in quartiles 1 and 2 (Table 1) were incorrect, and should have read.
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractAims/hypothesisThe aim of this study was to investigate the concordance of dysglycaemia (prediabetes or diabetes) and cardiometabolic traits between women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and their spouses.MethodsUsing hospital medical records, women with GDM (diagnosed between 2012 and 2016) and their spouses were invited to participate in the study and to attend a scheduled hospital visit in a fasting state. Sociodemographic, anthropometric and medical data were collected, and a 75  g OGTT with serum insulin estimation, HbA1c measurement and fasting lipid profile were performed at the vi...
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions/interpretationOur results suggest that higher intra-individual FG variability during young adulthood before the onset of diabetes is associated with incident diabetes, CVD and mortality.
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions/interpretationAmong Chinese adults, the associations between education and diabetes prevalence and incidence differed qualitatively between men and women, whereas higher household income was positively associated with diabetes prevalence and incidence in both sexes, with a stronger relationship in men than in women.
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions/interpretationIn mice, androgens potentiate the development of insulin resistance, fat accumulation and brown adipose tissue whitening following chronic glucocorticoid treatment.
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractAims/hypothesisThe circadian system plays an essential role in regulating the timing of human metabolism. Indeed, circadian misalignment is strongly associated with high rates of metabolic disorders. The properties of the circadian oscillator can be measured in cells cultured in vitro and these cellular rhythms are highly informative of the physiological circadian rhythm in vivo. We aimed to discover whether molecular properties of the circadian oscillator are altered as a result of type 2 diabetes.MethodsWe assessed molecular clock properties in dermal fibroblasts established from skin biopsies taken from nine obe...
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions/interpretationDespite modest changes for adiposity, lifestyle modification interventions in high-risk South Asian populations resulted in a clinically important 35% relative reduction in diabetes incidence, consistent across subgroups. If implemented on a large scale, lifestyle modification interventions in high-risk South Asian populations in Europe would reduce the incidence of diabetes in these populations.
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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