This article reviews the definition, aetiology, pathophysiology, therapeutic strategies and outcomes in light of recent evidence and guidelines.
Conclusion In this large nationwide study using inpatient USA database, we demonstrate higher AP-related mortality, and resource utilization among ESRD patients when compared with non-ESRD patients.
Authors: Ćeranić DB, Zorman M, Skok P Abstract Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a disease with significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic role of inflammatory markers, particularly interleukins (ILs), in the course of AP and to determine the frequency of etiologic factors of AP. We included patients with AP who were treated at our institution from May 1, 2012 to January 31, 2015. Different laboratory parameters, including ILs, and the severity scoring systems Ranson's criteria and Bedside Index of Severity in Acute Pancreatitis (BISAP) were analyzed. AP was classified into...
Conclusions: : The findings of current study emphasize that clinicians should be awareof the possibility of RFS in malnourished AP patients with electrolyte imbalances. PMID: 30970437 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Acute pancreatitis is an acute inflammation of the pancreas with variable severity and prognosis depending on the presence of associated local or systemic complications. Acute pancreatitis is the leading gastrointestinal cause of hospitalization in the United States, and gallstones and alcohol abuse are the first and second most common causes of acute pancreatitis, respectively.1 Radiologists play a critical role in the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis and identification of its complications to guide treatment and intervention.
is inflammation (swelling) of your pancreas, typically caused by gallstones or alcohol abuse, although other causes are possible. There are 2 types of pancreatitis.
BY KATHRYN M. DEPRIMO &KHALID MALIK, MDA 30-year-old man with no previous medical history presented with one day of epigastric pain, nausea, and vomiting. He described the pain as moderate, aching, and nonradiating. He said Tylenol provided minimal relief.The patient reported vomiting four or five times since the start of his symptoms and described the vomit as yellow in color. He had no history of recent travel, recent sick contacts, trauma, pain with eating, fever, chills, shortness of breath, chest pain, headaches, dizziness, changes in bowel movements, or urination. The patient confirmed a past surgical histor...
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest a reduced incidence of only alcohol-associated pancreatitis with cannabis use. PMID: 30570765 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Swati Pabbi Mehta, Aseem Kumar Tiwari, Rajesh Puri, Dinesh Arora, Geet Aggarwal, Ankita RatanAsian Journal of Transfusion Science 2018 12(2):154-156Hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is the third most significant risk factor for acute pancreatitis after gallstones and alcohol. Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) has been considered a possible treatment for HTG-induced pancreatitis, especially in severe and refractory cases. Here, we report one such clinical experience with a patient of severe HTG-induced pancreatitis. He was treated with TPE along with intravenous insulin, statins, and fibrates. TPE resulted in immediate relief of s...
Conclusion: Alcohol and gallstones were the most common etiology of AP. HCT, CRP and BMI done at admission are useful predictors of severe pancreatitis. PMID: 30341863 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: The annual incidence rate of AP is relatively low in Qatar and tends to behave similar to many European countries in etiology, which can be explained by population structure. Gallstone and alcohol consumption are the main causes, and idiopathic AP is responsible for more cases than expected. PMID: 30301711 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]