Role of miRNA in the Transmission of Metabolic Diseases Associated With Paternal Diet-Induced Obesity

Conclusion The periconceptional environment and lifestyle factors modify sperm epigenome. This alteration might be maintained in the zygote and throughout development, thereby leading to the inheritance of newly acquired pathologies. The role of sperm miRNA, not only as innovative markers of fertility issues but also as vectors involved in the inheritance of paternal diseases, appears to be crucial. Overweight and obesity seem to alter sperm miRNA profile, thereby leading to transmission of different miRNA profiles in zygote, with consequences on embryo development. In long term, metabolic disorders have been described in offspring F1 and F2, and other pathologies may originate from paternal environment. In practice, this concept is important to know because it can help to predict and improve the periconceptional period, with a personalized management, and could be a powerful tool for infertility care. Indeed, paternal environment is too often neglected compared to the maternal environment. Identifying sperm miRNA profiles to predict risk of fertility alteration or noncommunicable disease inheritance is now required and needs further investigation, especially in randomized control trials in human. The impact of selected miRNA on IVF outcome, and the possibility to reverse or modify these miRNA profiles, requires our interest. Health professionals should pay more attention to the health of men of childbearing age. Author Contributions CD, LK, SS, VG, and RL participated...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Sante Roperto, Valeria Russo, Francesca De Falco, Alessandra Rosati, Cornel Catoi, Franco RopertoAbstractE5 protein, the major oncoprotein of the bovine Deltapapillomavirus genus, has been detected in 17 of the 19 urothelial cancers by molecular and morphological procedures. In 10 urothelial cancers, the oxygen sensitive subunit HIF-1α, which is upregulated by hypoxia, was overexpressed. Mitophagy, the selective autophagic removal of dysfunctional mitochondria, was upregulated in hypoxic neoplastic cells infected by BPVs which was...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
In conclusion, the results suggested that SAB could attenuate HUVEC cells damage treated with HG or PA via Sirt1 and might be a potential therapy agent for the diabetic cardiopathy treatment. PMID: 31118974 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Authors: Shi L, Feng L, Zhang M, Li X, Yang Y, Zhang Y, Ni Q Abstract Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Many trials have shown that Abelmoschus manihot could further improve proteinuria and protect kidney function in patients with DN when added to a renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blocker. A systematic assessment of the efficacy and safety of A. manihot in DN is essential. Eight electronic databases were searched to identify eligible trials published from inception to December 2017. The Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool was used to evaluate the methodological quality of eligi...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
In conclusion, the compound has a protective effect against ALF in rats, and an underlying mechanism is involved in the TGF-β1/Smad signaling pathway. PMID: 31118972 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Authors: Zhu J, Xing G, Shen T, Xu G, Peng Y, Rao J, Shi R Abstract Backgrounds: Prediabetes is a condition in which a person's blood glucose levels are higher than normal physiological levels but lower compared to patients with diabetes. Up to 70% of individuals with prediabetes will eventually develop diabetes. To date, there have been no pharmaceutical drugs to treat diabetes. It is believed that early diagnosis and nonpharmacological intervention for prediabetes are critical for effective prevention of diabetes. Most individuals with prediabetes remain undiagnosed even after being evaluated using the standard t...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
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Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
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Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
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Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
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Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
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Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
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