The Spectrum of Non-asthmatic Airway Diseases Contributing to Cough in the Adult

AbstractPurpose of ReviewCough becomes a pathologic reflex when the airways are inflamed and overwhelmed with excessive mucus. The goal of this review is to discuss acute and chronic cough syndromes caused by non-asthmatic airway diseases.Recent FindingsAcute cough syndrome is short-lived and self-limited. Acute bronchitis and diffuse acute infectious bronchiolitis (DAIB) are examples. The former is usually caused by a viral illness; the latter byMycoplasma pneumoniae, influenza, andHaemophilus influenzae. Causes of chronic cough in the adult include chronic bronchitis, non-infectious bronchiolitis, and non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis.SummarySupportive measures are recommended for acute bronchitis and antibiotic use is discouraged. Antibiotics may be needed for DAIB. Smoking cessation and bronchodilators can control cough in chronic bronchitis. Therapeutic approaches for non-infectious bronchiolitis depend on the varied etiology. The hallmark of bronchiectasis is a chronic infection of the airways, and antibiotics, mucus clearance measures, and bronchodilators are all supportive.
Source: Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

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PMID: 31977412 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Am J Nurs Source Type: research
In this study many children younger than 18 years old with asthma were collected from University hospital outpatient clinics throughout two years period Their MDI inhalation technique was checked and the number of MDI inhalation technique mistakes were detected and corrected at the first visit and every month for two more visits (three visits). Their peak expiratory flow (PEF) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) as a percentage of the forced vital capacity (FVC) were checked at every visit.Results81 asthmatic subjects (54 female) younger than 18 years old were collected with a mean (SD) age 14.4 (1.8) years old. M...
Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
We report the epidemiological, clinical, laboratory, and radiological characteristics and treatment and clinical outcomes of these patients.MethodsAll patients with suspected 2019-nCoV were admitted to a designated hospital in Wuhan. We prospectively collected and analysed data on patients with laboratory-confirmed 2019-nCoV infection by real-time RT-PCR and next-generation sequencing. Data were obtained with standardised data collection forms shared by the International Severe Acute Respiratory and Emerging Infection Consortium from electronic medical records. Researchers also directly communicated with patients or their ...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionAlthough P. acidus has been proven as a valuable medicinal source from its traditional uses. However, the pharmacological experiments conducted were not sufficient to verify its traditional uses. More investigation is required to confirm the traditional claims such as bioassay-guided isolation of bioactive compounds, detailed pharmacological investigations, clinical studies, and its toxicity investigation. Additionally, an experimental design with sufficient data replication, the use of controls and authenticated research materials, and the selection of a rationale dose or concentration for the analysis are keys ...
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
A rapidly evolving health story broke in late December when a novel illness originating in Wuhan, China made the news. Reports of the number of infected people swiftly rose, and isolated cases of this new coronavirus — dubbed 2019-nCoV by scientists — have appeared in several countries due to international travel. At this writing, almost 1,300 confirmed cases and over 40 deaths have occurred in China, according to an article in the New York Times. Fortunately, public health officials in many countries, including the US, have put measures in place to help prevent further spread of the virus. These measures inclu...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Source Type: blogs
Despite our differences, one thing we all have in common is death. One way or another, it's going to get each of us. Jeremie has been forced to meditate on that reality and it's had a profound effect on how he approaches life. In this keynote, Jeremie candidly and openly shares his story about growing up with Cystic Fibrosis and how he found laughter to be key as he shifted his perspective from seeing himself as someone who is dying from a fatal disease to someone who has been given the gift of a shortened life expectancy in order to make the most of it.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Peric S, Bjelica B, Bozovic I, Pesovic J, Paunic T, Banovic M, Brkusanin M, Aleksic K, Basta I, Pavicevic DS, Stojanovic VR Abstract Objectives: Cross-sectional studies reported fatigue in 50-90% of patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). The aim of this research was to assess frequency of fatigue in DM1 patients during a seven-year period. Materials and methods: Study included 64 DM1 patients at baseline (50% males, age 42 ± 12 years), and 38 after seven years. Following scales were used: Muscular Impairment Rating Scale (MIRS), Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS, score equal to or greater than...
Source: Acta Myologica - Category: Neurology Tags: Acta Myol Source Type: research
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