Editorial: With Obesity Becoming the New Normal, What Should We Do?

Editorial: With Obesity Becoming the New Normal, What Should We Do? Katherine Samaras1,2,3*, Henrik Tevaerai4, Michel Goldman5, Johannes le Coutre6,7 and Jeff M. P. Holly8 1Department of Endocrinology, St Vincent's Hospital, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia 2Diabetes and Metabolism, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia 3St Vincent's Hospital, St Vincent's Clinical School, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia 4Bern University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland 5Institute for Interdisciplinary Innovation in Healthcare, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium 6Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom 7Nestlé Research, Lausanne, Switzerland 8Professor of Clinical Science, IGFs and Metabolic Endocrinology Group, Translational Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom The Editorial on the Research Topic With Obesity Becoming the New Normal, What Should We Do? In just a blink oft Earth's eye (approximately three decades), obesity has become a global epidemic and an urgent health crisis due to its impact on health services and the loss of human capital. It is not just a crisis for health professionals, health economists, and government officials managing finite resources and considering the economics of premature loss of life and economic productivity: it is a major societal concern that chall...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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ConclusionsPA activates PXR signalling and suppresses NF-κB signalling, consequently causing ameliorating inflammation. Results highlight the importance of PXR–NF-κB crosstalk in colitis and suggest a novel therapeutic reagent.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionsFrailty assessment may be good value for money. However, limited availability of geriatric consultation services, may hinder implementation. Thus, the estimated benefits of frailty screening may not be achievable in practice.
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
We report the case of a 17-year-old patient with recurrent hemorrhagic pericardial effusion, who was diagnosed with primary pericardial fibrosarcoma. However, multiple radiological examinations, including CT and [18F] FDG/PET-CT, suggested the presence of fluid and no sign of tumor. Actually, when a patient presents with recurrent hemorrhagic pericardial effusions, pericardial tumors must be taken into account as part of the differential diagnosis.
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
We present two young patients (
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Isabelle F. Vonder Muhll
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
We describe a contiguous gene deletion of the ATM locus in a multi-generation family of Italian descent with a strong family history of pancreatic cancer. A deletion of one copy of the entire ATM gene was identified by routine panel testing and further characterized by chromosomal microarray analysis. An 11q22.3 microdeletion of approximately 960kb was identified that is predicted to result in loss of 10 genes including ATM. The deletion was identified in two additional family members including a presymptomatic daughter and an affected sibling. A normal disomic complement of the 11q22.3 region was detected in a third famil...
Source: Cancer Genetics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Anaesthesia Critical Care &Pain MedicineAuthor(s): Arnaud Chaumeron, Jeremie Castanie, Louis Philippe Fortier, Patrick Basset, Sophie Bastide, Sandrine Alonso, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Philippe CuvillonABSTRACTBackground: Rapid sequence induction (RSI) is recommended in patients at risk of aspiration, but induced hemodynamic adverse events, including tachycardia. In elderly patients, this trial aimed to assess the impact of the addition of remifentanil during RSI on the occurrence of: tachycardia (primary outcome), hypertension (due to intubation) nor hypotension (rem...
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsHistory of penicillin-associated rash (without angioedema, mucosal ulceration, or systemic involvement), more than 1 year ago, is sufficient to select a patient for a direct oral penicillin challenge. This large multicenter study demonstrates that this approach appears safe, and risk is comparable to that in other procedures being performed in primary care in Australia. The higher risk patients are more likely to benefit from skin testing. This simple risk-based delabeling strategy could potentially be used by nonallergists, leading to more efficient penicillin allergy delabeling service provision.
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
ConclusionsPatients may adapt their ICS use to their current needs without this impacting later RDAC.
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular (English Edition)Author(s): Q. Xu, M. Lv, Y. Xia, Y. Zhao, W. Zhang, Y. ChenAbstractA 42-year-old woman presented with a ten-day history of dysphagia, slight chest pain and occasional vomiting. With the performance of thoracic and abdominal enhanced computed tomography (CT) and upper gastrointestinal contrast, once esophageal cancer was suspected. Significant activity mass in esophagus and mediastinal lymph nodes could be found on the imaging of 18F-FDG PET/CT, which also supported malignancy. However, T...
Source: Revista Espanola de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
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