Gadolinium Deposition in Neurology Clinical Practice.

Conclusion: Clear evidence demonstrates that GBCAs lead to gadolinium deposition in the brain in a dose-dependent manner; however, only linear GBCAs have been associated with gadolinium deposition visualized on MRI. To date, no evidence links gadolinium deposition with any adverse health outcome. Updated medical society guidelines emphasize the importance of an individualized risk-benefit analysis with each administration of GBCAs. PMID: 30983897 [PubMed]
Source: Ochsner Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Ochsner J Source Type: research

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Wei Li1†, Wei-Min Xiao1†, Yang-Kun Chen1*, Jian-Feng Qu1, Yong-Lin Liu1, Xue-Wen Fang2, Han-Yu Weng1 and Gen-Pei Luo11Department of Neurology, Dongguan People’s Hospital, Dongguan, China2Department of Radiology, Dongguan People’s Hospital, Dongguan, ChinaBackground: Anxiety is prevalent after a stroke. The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the development of poststroke anxiety (PSA) remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and neuroimaging risk factors for development of PSA and examine the effects of PSA on activities of daily living (ADL) and quality of life (...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Ivy D. Deng1, Luke Chung2, Natasha Talwar3,4, Fred Tam1, Nathan W. Churchill3, Tom A. Schweizer3,4,5,6† and Simon J. Graham1,2*† 1Physical Sciences Platform, Sunnybrook Research Institute (SRI), Toronto, ON, Canada 2Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada 3Neuroscience Research Program, Keenan Research Centre for Biomedical Science, Toronto, ON, Canada 4Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada 5Division of Neurosurgery, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada 6Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering, Univer...
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
This study suggests that anti-MOG antibodies can be associated with repetitive encephalitis including TDL and ADEM-like presentation.
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionVAMCS should be considered as the cause of neurological deficits when other pathological entities are ruled out. In symptomatic conflict of the VA with the medulla, microvascular decompression using a Gore-Tex implant can be an effective method of treatment. Nevertheless, a statistical analysis on all reported cases showed favorable results using the VA repositioning technique when compared with MVD (success rate 91% vs. 58%, p 
Source: Polish Journal of Neurology and Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Conclusion VAMCS should be considered as the cause of neurological deficits when other pathological entities are ruled out. In symptomatic conflict of the VA with the medulla, microvascular decompression using a Gore-Tex implant can be an effective method of treatment. Nevertheless, a statistical analysis on all reported cases showed favorable results using the VA repositioning technique when compared with MVD (success rate 91% vs. 58%, p <0.05).
Source: Polish Journal of Neurology and Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Left-handedness, as a relatively uncommon phenomenon, never fails to fascinate people. There is a common perception that left-handed people are more talented and artistic. To what extent these assumptions are correct, and what your preferred use of right or left hand can tell you about your brain structure? Handedness represents the better performance or preference of using one hand, i.e., the dominant hand. Right-handedness is the most common type observed in 70–95% of the world population, followed by left-handedness, and then a very rare type of mixed handedness and ambidexterity. Although this is an important ph...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brain and Behavior Brain Blogger Publishers Brain Structure Handedness left-handed right-handed Source Type: blogs
Authors: Inglese M, Fleysher L, Oesingmann N, Petracca M Abstract INTRODUCTION: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is of paramount importance for the early diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) and MRI findings are part of the MS diagnostic criteria. There is a growing interest in the use of ultra-high-field strength -7 Tesla- (7T) MRI to investigate, in vivo, the pathological substrate of the disease. Areas covered: An overview of 7T MRI applications in MS focusing on increased sensitivity for lesion detection, specificity of the central vein sign and better understanding of MS pathophysiology and discuss the implicatio...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - Category: Neurology Tags: Expert Rev Neurother Source Type: research
This report emphasizes the importance of considering brain tumors in the differential diagnosis of primary demyelinating disease presenting with a cerebral mass lesion. PMID: 28900612 [PubMed]
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Adv Biomed Res Source Type: research
Conclusions: Ultra–high-field magnetic resonance imaging at 7 T compared with 3 T yielded an improved diagnostic confidence in the most frequently encountered neurologic disorders. Higher spatial resolution and contrast were identified as the main contributory factors.
Source: Investigative Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: Other lesions of primary brain tumors causing increased intracranial pressure constitute 50% of the underlying etiology, followed by Guillain-Barre syndrome (14.2%). However, these patients had neurological symptoms signs, in addition to diplopia or SCN paralysis. Patients admitted to pediatric emergency department with acute SCN paralysis should be examined in detail to disclose the underlying etiology especially if they present with additional clinical signs or symptoms.
Source: Pediatric Emergency Care - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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