Anxiety in Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke: Risk Factors and Effects on Functional Status
Anxiety in Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke: Risk Factors and Effects on Functional StatusWei Li1†, Wei-Min Xiao1†, Yang-Kun Chen1*, Jian-Feng Qu1, Yong-Lin Liu1, Xue-Wen Fang2, Han-Yu Weng1 and Gen-Pei Luo11Department of Neurology, Dongguan People’s Hospital, Dongguan, China2Department of Radiology, Dongguan People’s Hospital, Dongguan, ChinaBackground: Anxiety is prevalent after a stroke. The pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the development of poststroke anxiety (PSA) remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical and neuroimaging risk factors for development of PSA and examine the effects of PSA on activities of daily living (ADL) and quality of life (QOL) in Chinese patients with ischemic stroke.Methods: Two hundred nineteen patients with acute ischemic stroke were recruited to the study. A series of comprehensive assessments, including Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), Lawton ADL Scale, and the Stroke-Specific Quality of Life (SSQOL) Scale, were conducted in the acute stage and 3 months after stroke. Magnetic resonance imaging assessment focused on evaluation of infarctions, white matter lesions, and brain atrophy.Results: In the acute stage and 3 months after stroke, 34 (16%) and 33 (15%) patients had PSA, respectively. Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that HDRS (OR = 1.269, 95% CI = 1.182–1.364, P
CONCLUSION: WFRP is fast and effective in screening for diabetic retinopathy. The severity grade of the disease was similar to the gold standard of FRP in most cases. WFRP could thus be used in mass screening for diabetic retinopathy. PMID: 31104875 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsTo engage frail older adults with CRC in preoperative exercise programs information on exercise should improve. Exercise programs should be easily accessible and take personal preferences, needs and abilities into account.
Publication date: Available online 20 May 2019Source: Journal of Geriatric OncologyAuthor(s): Elizabeth J. Siembida, Erin E. Kent, Keith M. Bellizzi, Ashley Wilder SmithAbstractObjectivesPhysical activity (PA) promotes physical functioning and health-related quality of life in older survivors of cancer. Using a population-based sample of Medicare Advantage beneficiaries, we aimed to characterize the survivors who reported discussing PA with their healthcare provider.Materials and MethodsData from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) cancer registries was linked with the 2008–2014 Medicare Health Out...
Authors: Coenen S, Weyts E, Geens P, Vermeire S, Ferrante M, Vanhaecht K, Van Assche G Abstract OBJECTIVES: Patient reported outcomes are widely used in today's clinical practice. The Short Health Scale has been proven to be an easy-to-use and reliable measure to evaluate quality of life in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. We aimed to validate this Short Health Scale in Dutch speaking patients. METHODS: A total of 157 Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis patients (46% male, median age 39 years) completed the Short Health Scale on a tablet during the outpatient clinic. Validity was assessed by co...
CONCLUSIONS: There was an inverse correlation between temporal changes in the relative abundance of F. prausnitzii, but not overall butyrate producing capacity, and changes in inflammatory activity in ileal Crohn's disease. These findings indicate that F. prausnitzii may play a role in gut homeostasis, even though causality is still to be demonstrated. PMID: 31104514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 21 May 2019Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English Edition)Author(s): Laurent Becuwe, Jean-Christian Sleth, Yann-Erwan Favennec, Gilles Candelier
ConclusionIntrathecal (S)-(+)-Ketoprofen caused dose-dependent neurohistopathological changes in rats on days 3 and 7 after injection, suggesting that (S)-(+)-Ketoprofen should not be intrathecally administered.ResumoJustificativa e objetivosA administração intratecal de anti-inflamatórios não esteroides é mais eficaz no tratamento da dor pós-operatória. A Anti-inflamatórios não esteroides, como o (S)-(+)-cetoprofeno, pode ser eficaz em doses intratecais inferiores às parenterais; a segurança pré-clínica relativa à possí...
Date: Wednesday, 06 05, 2019; Speaker: Mrinal Dewanjee, MSc, PhD, Special Volunteer, Neurobiology, , Neurodegeneration, and Repair Laboratory, NEI; Manfred Boehm, MD, Senior Investigator, , Translational Vascular Medicine Branch, NHLBI; Building: Building 10 (Clinical Center); Lipsett Amphitheater; CME Credit; Videocast Event
InterveXion Therapeutics of Little Rock, a private clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on developing immunotherapies for substance abuse disorders, announced Monday the appointment of Keith Ward, Ph.D., to president and CEO.
Conclusion Functional classification of VUR into continuous and transient reflux resulted in higher correlation with DMSA scan findings compared with anatomic reflux grading in follow-up patients with VUR. Cyclic imaging contributed to continuous reflux diagnosis. The significance of functional information obtained from cyclic DRC in initial diagnostic workup, management, and follow-up of children with urinary tract infection needs to be determined with further studies.
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