Nummular Headache

This article reviews nummular headache (NH), including the latest literature on the epidemiological and clinical features, the most recent proposed pathophysiology, and novel management.Recent FindingsNH is characterized by continuous or intermittent head pain confined to a focal circumscribed area (1 –6 cm in diameter). It is usually of mild to moderate intensity, although some patients have severe continuous pain or disabling exacerbations. NH is a primary headache, though many secondary cases have been described. Evaluation requires exclusion of systemic and structural diseases. Gabapentin can be recommended as a first-line preventive treatment. If poorly tolerated or in refractory cases, botulinum toxin is a reasonable alternative.SummaryNH is a fairly common disorder in patients presenting to a headache clinic. Increased understanding of NH will lead to improved outcomes. Clinical trials would lead to enhanced knowledge of NH.
Source: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Our data suggested that OMTh may be an effective treatment to improve headaches in patients with CTTH. Our results also suggest that OMTh may reduce FHP. PMID: 31404469 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
We present our findings in the form of evidence maps.ResultsWe included 16 good-quality systematic reviews examining biofeedback alone or as an adjunctive intervention. We found clear, consistent evidence across a large number of trials that biofeedback can reduce headache pain and can provide benefit as adjunctive therapy to men experiencing urinary incontinence after a prostatectomy. Consistent evidence across fewer trials suggests biofeedback may improve fecal incontinence and stroke recovery. There is insufficient evidence to draw conclusions about effects for most conditions including bruxism, labor pain, and Raynaud ...
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTrigeminal neuralgia (TN) is characterized by recurrent attacks of lancinating facial pain in the dermatomal distribution of the trigeminal nerve. TN is rare, affecting 4 to 13 people per 100,000.Recent FindingsAlthough there remains a debate surrounding the pathogenesis of TN, neurovascular compromise is the most currently accepted theory. Minimal stimulation caused by light touch, talking, or chewing can lead to debilitating pain and incapacitation of the patient. Pain may occur sporadically, though is primarily unilateral in onset. The diagnosis is typically determined clinically. Treatment opti...
Source: Current Pain and Headache Reports - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewHip fracture is common in the elderly population, painful and costly. The present investigation was undertaken to review epidemiology, socio-economic and medical implications, relevant anatomy, and anesthetic and pain modalities of hip fracture.Recent FindingsA literature search of PubMed, Ovid Medline, and Cochrane databases was conducted in December 2018 to identify relevant published clinical trials, review articles, and meta-analyses studies related to anesthetic and pain modalities of hip fracture. The acute pain management in these situations is often challenging. Common issues associated wit...
Source: Current Pain and Headache Reports - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this review is to evaluate and summarize recent empirical research investigating motivational factors for management of chronic pain and headache disorders.Recent FindingsResearch on motivation for non-pharmacological treatment of chronic pain and headache disorders has identified factors that influence initiation of and adherence to treatment. To address common factors that inhibit initiation of treatment (i.e., cost, time commitment), several electronic treatments have been developed. Self-efficacy is the most commonly studied psychosocial influence on treatment adherence, with evi...
Source: Current Pain and Headache Reports - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Chronic Pain;   Central Sensitisation;   Headache Intervention:   Behavioral: Web-based CBT (Web-MAP) Sponsor:   Seattle Children's Hospital Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Semin Neurol 2019; 39: 334-342 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1693159Acute bacterial meningitis and spinal epidural abscess are neurological emergencies. Acute bacterial meningitis may present with symptoms as nonspecific as headache and fever, but rapid progression to an altered level of consciousness is not unusual. Spinal epidural abscess manifests initially as back pain, followed by radicular pain, then weakness, and finally paraplegia. Brain abscess may initially present only with headache, or as a new-onset seizure or with a focal neurological deficit. Bacterial infections of the central nervous system require emergent diagnosi...
Source: Seminars in Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsMore than half of Medicaid beneficiaries receiving an opioid for pain management do so for orthopedic- and dental-related reasons, with emergency department providers more likely to prescribe opioids. Modifications to the guidelines addressing temporary acute pain management practices with opioids would be likely to benefit emergency department providers the most.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conclusion: Although pericranial nerve blocks have been tried in chronic PH cases with positive influences, this case indicated that repetitive nerve blocks were not always a successful therapy option.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
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