Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist decreases work of breathing during non-invasive ventilation in infants with severe bronchiolitis

Source: Critical Care - Category: Intensive Care Authors: Tags: Letter Source Type: research

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Authors: Wrotek A, Czajkowska M, Jackowska T Abstract Viral testing is not always recommended in children with bronchiolitis due to doubts concerning its prognostic use. In this retrospective study, we investigated how the RSV testing would influence the frequency of nosocomial infections (NI). The files of 305 children, hospitalized due to the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in the period 2010-2014, were reviewed in the study. We found ten cases of NI. The RSV preventive measures did not vary in the consecutive years investigated, but the number of viral tests substantially varied. In 2010, 2012, and 2...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
cute;guez Carmen Benavides Héctor Alaiz-Moretón The aim of this paper was the detection of pathologies through respiratory sounds. The ICBHI (International Conference on Biomedical and Health Informatics) Benchmark was used. This dataset is composed of 920 sounds of which 810 are of chronic diseases, 75 of non-chronic diseases and only 35 of healthy individuals. As more than 88% of the samples of the dataset are from the same class (Chronic), the use of a Variational Convolutional Autoencoder was proposed to generate new labeled data and other well known oversampling techniques after determining that ...
Source: Sensors - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Kirolos A, Manti S, Blacow R, Tse G, Wilson T, Lister M, et al. A Systematic Review of Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Bronchiolitis. J Infect Dis 2019; jiz240.
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Current Best Evidence Source Type: research
Authors: Pukai G, Duke T Abstract Background: Acute lower respiratory tract infections are the commonest cause of hospitalisation in young children and supportive care remains the cornerstone of management. A randomised open trial was undertaken at the Port Moresby General Hospital Children's Emergency Department (CED) to determine whether nebulised normal saline had beneficial effects.Methods: Children
Source: Paediatrics and international child health - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Paediatr Int Child Health Source Type: research
In conclusion, we have generated ferret pluripotent stem cells that provide an opportunity for advancing our capacity to evaluate autologous cell engraftment in ferrets. PMID: 32073882 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol Source Type: research
Mucosal Immunology, Published online: 17 February 2020; doi:10.1038/s41385-020-0268-8Long-lived regulatory T cells generated during severe bronchiolitis in infancy influence later progression to asthma
Source: Mucosal Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
We describe the first case of HTLV associated bronchiolitis to be associated with HTLV-1c subtype infection. An Aboriginal man with HTLV-1 infection was repeatedly admitted to Alice Springs Hospital, central Australia, with hypercapnic respiratory failure from the age of 28 years. High resolution CT chest findings were consistent with bronchiolitis and large numbers of lymphocytes were found in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). After extensive investigations failed to find a cause, he was tested for HTLV-1 and found to have a high HTLV-1c proviral load (6.8%) in peripheral blood leukocytes and in BALF (4.7%). The admini...
Source: IDCases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Condition:   Bronchiolitis Intervention:   Procedure: Chest physiotherapy Sponsor:   Universidade do Porto Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
González V Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aims of our study are to evaluate the effectiveness and security of CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) in infants transferred with acute respiratory failure (ARF) and to compare their evolution in PICU between CPAP vs oxygen therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational and analytical study by reviewing the health records of infants with ARF aged 0 to 12months that required interhospital transfer to the PICU. RESULTS: We included 110 patients: 71 transported with CPAP and 39 with oxygen therapy. The main cause of ARF was acute...
Source: Anales de Pediatria - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: An Pediatr (Barc) Source Type: research
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