Lead screening guidelines for children, pregnant women changed by task force

Should children and pregnant women be screened for elevated lead levels if they don't show symptoms? Doctors are working to determine if so and how often.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Authors: Maged AM, Shoab AY, Dieb AS Abstract This is a cohort study which included 100 cases with pre-eclampsia (PE) and 100 controls, done to compare the antepartum and postpartum uterine artery (UtA) Doppler velocimetry between them. UtA PI and RI were measured before and within 48-72 h after delivery. There was a highly significant difference between the cases and controls, regarding the UtA RI (0.70 ± 0.10 and 0.72 ± 0.10, versus 0.59 ± 0.12 and 0.60 ± 0.11) and PI (1.41 ± 0.89 and 1.45 &plusm...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
We describe the safety and acceptability of a surgical TOPFA service delivered by an independent-sector abortion provider. Non-identifiable data for women undergoing TOPFA at British Pregnancy Advisory Service from 1 January 2015 to 31 March 2016 was extracted from existing databases. Anonymous feedback was obtained using a questionnaire. Women (n = 389) were treated along a specialised care pathway within routine abortion lists. The anomalies were chromosomal (64.0%), structural (30.8%), suspected chromosomal and/or structural or unknown (5.1%). The termination method was vacuum aspiration (41.9%) or dilatio...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 April 2019Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and BiologyAuthor(s): Pieczyńska Joanna, Płaczkowska Sylwia, Sozański Rafał, Orywal Karolina, Mroczko Barbara, Grajeta HalinaAbstractSelenium (Se) is a trace element essential for the appropriate course of vital processes in the human body. It is also a constituent of the active center of glutathione peroxidase and other antioxidant compounds which play an important role in red-ox processes. Associations between lower blood selenium concentration and obstetric complications has been reported in many studies. The aim of this st...
Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionsMaternal arsenic exposure is associated with the decrease of the birth weight, length and head circumference. Millions of people are still exposured to high-level arsenic, therefore, high quality epidemiologic studies that involve large samples are necessary to determine the precise relationships between maternal arsenic exposure with birth size. And that effective mitigation measures are also need to prevent arsenic exposure in women of reproductive age.
Source: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Publication date: May 2019Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases, Volume 73, Issue 5Author(s):
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur findings indicated that decreased miR-21-3p and miR-155-5p expression levels are associated with PE and miR-21-3p levels are associated with GDM. Our study for the first time revealed that miR-21-3p, miR-16-5p and miR155-5p are not related to PE-GDM group.
Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionEuploid fetuses with a high risk in the combined first-trimester screening have a twofold risk for adverse outcomes when compared to those with a low risk.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionsGPBB has a limited role as a biomarker in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. BNP concentrations were elevated in pre-eclampsia compared to controls. This suggests cardiac strain at the time of pre-eclampsia. Further studies are needed to examine whether BNP can identify women at increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 April 2019Source: European Journal of Obstetrics &Gynecology and Reproductive BiologyAuthor(s): C. Benedetto, A. Carosso, M. Corezzi, C.M. Zotti, on behalf of EBCOGAbstractMaternal immunization has the potential to reduce morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases worldwide. EBCOG promotes this public health intervention supporting international recommendations about the use of vaccines during pregnancy.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionsHealth care providers and especially obstetricians should be aware of the diagnosis of ruptured SAA in a pregnant woman with abdominal discomfort and hemodynamic deterioration. In addition, once an asymptomatic pregnant patient is diagnosed with a SAA, conservative surveillance may be allowed.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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