Breech baby scan 'would save lives'

A scan at 36 weeks could help spot tricky breech deliveries, when a baby's bottom or feet will emerge first.
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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The gut microbiota impacts response to immunotherapy in cancer patients. We sought to evaluate the role of physiologic colonic fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) uptake, a test that was recently shown to reflect colonic bacterial load, as a possible predictor for response to immunotherapy. We carried out a retrospective study in metastatic melanoma patients who received the immune checkpoint inhibitor ipilimumab as first-line therapy. All patients underwent an 18F-FDG PET scan before treatment initiation. The primary outcome was defined as response to treatment according to the RECIST criteria. Regions of interest we...
Source: Melanoma Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: SHORT COMMUNICATIONS Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine whether NAc function at the onset and offset of a noxious thermal stimulus is enhanced by rewarding music, and whether that effect is reversed by experimental sleep disruption. Twenty-one healthy subjects underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging scans on 2 separate days after both uninterrupted sleep and experimental sleep disruption. During functional magnetic resonance imaging scans, participants experienced noxious stimulation while listening to individualized rewarding or neutral music. Behavioral results revealed that rewarding music significantly reduced pain intensity compared wi...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 April 2019Source: Food Research InternationalAuthor(s): Bruna Silva de Farias, Dara Djenifer Rodrigues Grundmann, Francisca Zuchoski Rizzi, Natália Soares Santos Martins, Tito Roberto Sant'Anna Cadaval Junior, Luiz Antonio de Almeida PintoAbstractChitosan–based biomaterials with a low molecular weight (LMW) have been drawn attention due to the promising applications in the pharmaceutical and food fields. For this reason, the aim of this work was to study the effect of two distinct depolymerization pathways on the chitosan physicochemical properties. Chitosan was submitted ...
Source: Food Research International - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 April 2019Source: Food HydrocolloidsAuthor(s): Ali Marefati, Berthold Wiege, Nabilah Abdul Hadi, Petr Dejmek, Marilyn RaynerAbstractThe effect of barrier properties on in vitro intestinal lipolysis of three different types of emulsions based on oil-in-water starch granule Pickering stabilization has been investigated including non-heat treated, heat treated (gelatinized) and heat treated and stored (retrograded) emulsions. The stability of starch covered oil-water interfaces towards in vitro intestinal lipolysis was correlated to the rate of lipid hydrolysis using a pH-stat method. The...
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 April 2019Source: Food HydrocolloidsAuthor(s): Xiao-min Chen, Jiang-lan Yuan, Rui-xia Li, Xu KangAbstractBovine serum albumin (BSA) was induced to form cold-set gel by using glucono-δ-lactone (GDL) and sodium chloride (NaCl), and characteristics of the gel and its embedding potential to bioactive molecules were investigated. The results from texture analyzer indicated that hardness and springiness of BSA cold-set gel were improved by increasing GDL or NaCl, but the gel with lower concentration of GDL (1.0%) and NaCl (0.2 M) had better water holding capacity (WHC). GDL had a signi...
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 April 2019Source: Parasitology InternationalAuthor(s): Ben-Yeddy Abel Chitama, Shinya Miyazaki, Xiaotong Zhu, Wataru Kagaya, Kazuhide Yahata, Osamu KanekoAbstractPlasmodium falciparum, an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite which causes the severe form of human malaria, exports numerous proteins to the infected red blood cell that are important for its survival and of severe pathological effect to its host. These proteins and their export mechanisms are candidates for drug and vaccine development, and among them is the Plasmodium SURFIN family of proteins. Previously we showed th...
Source: Parasitology International - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 April 2019Source: Sensors and Actuators A: PhysicalAuthor(s): N. Marchenkov, A. Kulikov, A. Targonsky, Ya. Eliovich, Yu. Pisarevsky, A. Seregin, A. Blagov, M. KovalchukAbstractA resonant operation mode of a new adaptive bending X-Ray optics (ABXO) element based on bidomain LiNbO3 single crystal piezoactuator is studied and described. Spatial and temporal parameters of X-Ray beam tuning by this element are investigated. Experimental measurements and numerical calculations have been performed for the element functional characteristics: oscillatory spectrum, speed of angular adjustment, a...
Source: Sensors and Actuators A: Physical - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2019Source: Radiation Physics and Chemistry, Volume 161Author(s): Gargi Dave, Dinesh Kanchan, Fouran SinghAbstractBlend Polymer Electrolyte (BPE) system of Polyethylene Oxide and Polyacrylamide (PEO-PAM) with Sodium trifluoromethanesulfonate (NaCF3SO3) salt has been exposed to Swift Heavy Ion (SHI) beam irradiation. Irradiation with swift heavy oxygen beam has been performed at four different fluences of 1 × 1011 ions/cm2, 3 × 1011 ions/cm2, 1 × 1012 ions/cm2 and 2 × 1012 ions/cm2. BPE films are made by solution cast method. Electrochemical properties of non-...
Source: Radiation Physics and Chemistry - Category: Physics Source Type: research
For applications where only moderate spectral resolution is required, static Fourier transform infrared spectrometers (sFTS) offer a comparatively cost-effective alternative to classical scanning instruments. In this paper, we present an sFTS based on a single-mirror interferometer using only ...
Source: Applied Optics - Category: Physics Authors: Source Type: research
We present a differential phase standard-deviation (DPSD)-based optical coherence tomographic (OCT) angiography (OCTA) technique to calculate the angiography images of the human retina. The standard deviation was calculated along the depth direction on the differential phase image of two B-scans ...
Source: Applied Optics - Category: Physics Authors: Source Type: research
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