Map reveals where traffic pollution hurts children the most

Haneen Khreis, an assistant research professor at Texas A&M University, discusses her study that mapped out pollution-related asthma across the United States.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Conclusions. This pilot study showed mepolizumab improved nasal symptoms and lung function in severe eosinophilic asthma patients with CRS, suggesting efficacy of mepolizumab on the upper and lower airway symptoms in eosinophilic asthma. PMID: 30983308 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol Source Type: research
In conclusions, our data confirmed that there is a high number of sensitized patients to Can f 5, which have a high degree of allergic sensitization. These results should be taken into account by allergists managing dog allergic patients. In fact, clinical consequences of this sensitization regard respiratory allergy (burden of rhinitis/asthma), systemic reactions (anaphylaxis during sexual intercourse from cross-reaction with human prostatic antigen), allergen immunotherapy-AIT (likely ineffective in patients with exclusive sensitization), and preventive measures (possibility to own a female dog and a likely reduction of ...
Source: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Pregestational hypertension is associated with an increased risk of giving birth to a baby with CDH, but no association was observed in pregnancies developing preeclampsia and the occurrence of CDH.Fetal Diagn Ther
Source: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research
Allergic rhinitis (AR) poses a global health problem and can be challenging to treat. Many of the current symptomatic treatments for AR have been available for decades, yet there has been little improvement in...
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, metabolic disorders, and cognitive dysfunction. Current thinking links chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) with oxidative stress and sy...
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Short report Source Type: research
In this study, we exposed apically well-differentiated human NECs cultured at the ALI to the related flaviviruses ZIKV, JEV, WNV, and Usutu virus (USUV). We selected these viruses due to the recent increasing evidences of potential threat to humans (Cadar et al., 2017; Simonin et al., 2018). We show that NECs are particularly susceptible to JEV and WNV infection and to other flaviviruses included in this study. Infection with each virus led to shedding of infectious virus particles through the apical and basolateral surfaces and triggered host mechanisms at the level of inflammatory and antiviral mediators. Given...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion Most head and neck pathologies show a broad cellular heterogeneity making it difficult to achieve an accurate diagnosis and efficient treatment (Graf and Zavodszky, 2017; Lo Nigro et al., 2017). Single cell analysis of circadian omics (Lande-Diner et al., 2015; Abraham et al., 2018), may be a crucial tool needed in the future to fully understand the circadian control of head and neck diseases. It becomes more obvious that there is only a small genetic component but a largely unknown epigenetics and/or environmental component for most of the head and neck pathologies (Moosavi and Motevalizadeh Ardekani, 2016; He...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Conclusion Analysis of the pleiotropic effects of IL-33 on multiple immunological cells (macrophages, mastocytes), as well as neurological cells of medulla oblongata, dorsal root ganglion, antigen-induced arthritis system, carrageen, and formalin, shows that this alarmin plays curtail, yet not fully known role in mediating inflammation, especially in chronic inflammatory pulmonary diseases such as asthma, COPD, and OSA. Taken into consideration the engagement in this process, in particular of mastocytes and their secretion of CXCL2, 4, 8, and other cytokines, there is no doubt regarding the etiopathogenic role of IL-33 in...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Zhi-Chao Hu1,2,3†, Zu-Cheng Luo1,2,3†, Bing-Jie Jiang1,2,3†, Xin Fu1,2,3, Jiang-Wei Xuan1,2,3, Xiao-Bin Li1,2,3, Yu-Jie Bian1,2,3, Wen-Fei Ni1,2,3* and Ji-Xin Xue1,2,3* 1Department of Orthopaedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children’s Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China 2The Second School of Medicine, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China 3Bone Research Institute, The Key Orthopaedic Laboratory of Zhejiang Province, Wenzhou, China Osteoarthritis (OA), defined as a long-term progressive joint disease, is characterized by cartilage impairment and ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The miRNAs and analysis presented here can help to elucidate the role of miRNAs in mediator release during MC activation. We speculate that miRNA-210 could be important in MC sensitization that leads to allergic symptoms.Int Arch Allergy Immunol
Source: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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