Gambling and Homelessness: Prevalence and Pathways

AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe review sought to present research pertaining to gambling and homelessness. Findings mapping the prevalence of disordered gambling within the homeless and those exploring the bi-directional nature of the relationship are discussed. The review explores theoretical explanations for the appeal of gambling to homeless individuals and discusses future directions.Recent FindingsResearch indicates the prevalence of disordered gambling is significantly higher in the homeless, comparable to the general population. Further research indicates that gambling is more commonly a factor contributing to homelessness, that gambling disorders are often overlooked by homeless services, and that support services are often inadequate.SummaryDisordered gambling is common in homelessness; however, the relationship is bi-directional. Gambling can be a direct cause of homelessness, a secondary contributing factor, or only develop after the individual has become homeless. Potential for significant life change is a motivating factor for gambling; for a homeless individual, a small win could be the difference between eating and not eating, or between sleeping in a hostel or on the street. Homeless services can provide a platform for problem identification and direction to the provision of support.
Source: Current Addiction Reports - Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Trends in GeneticsAuthor(s): Michael C. Saul, Vivek M. Philip, Laura G. Reinholdt, Center for Systems Neurogenetics of Addiction, Elissa J. CheslerContemporary mouse genetic reference populations are a powerful platform to discover complex disease mechanisms. Advanced high-diversity mouse populations include the Collaborative Cross (CC) strains, Diversity Outbred (DO) stock, and their isogenic founder strains. When used in systems genetics and integrative genomics analyses, these populations efficiently harnesses known genetic variation for precise and contextualized id...
Source: Trends in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2019Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, Volume 55Author(s): Nasim Zamani, Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Hooman Bahrami-Motlagh, Sara Ahmadi, Scott PhillipsAbstractObjectivesOur study attempts to determine if for patients following ingestion of lead-contaminated opium, radiographs [plain X-ray (KUB)] or unenhanced computed tomography (CT scan) of the abdomen may be predictive of lead poisoning.MethodsOur study is concerned with patients of>21 years with elevated lead concentrations, who had undergone KUB or CT. Patients with other toxicities who had undergone similar imag...
Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: Chemico-Biological InteractionsAuthor(s): Tahira Javed, Rabia Habib, Sania Ghafoor, Baseerat Ruman, Sliha Awan, Leonel J.M. Ntepe, Sajida Batool, Syed M. NurulainAbstractSubstance addiction is a chronic, relapsing mental disorder Characterized by compulsive drug seeking, and loss of control over drug intake and relapse after prolonged abstinence. Genetics has been shown to contribute towards an individual's vulnerability to addiction. Acetylecholine (ACh), a cholinergic neurotransmitter hydrolyzed by acetylcholinesterase (AChE), is an essential neurotransmitter and neur...
Source: Chemico Biological Interactions - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis narrative review provides an overview of the relationships among tobacco smoking, eating behaviors, and body weight. The aims are to (1) examine the concurrent and longitudinal associations between tobacco smoking and body weight, (2) describe potential mechanisms underlying the relationships between smoking and body weight, with a focus on mechanisms related to eating behaviors and appetite, and (3) discuss management of concomitant tobacco smoking and obesity.Recent FindingsAdolescents who smoke tobacco tend to have body mass indexes (BMI) the same as or higher than nonsmokers. However, adul...
Source: Current Addiction Reports - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Earlier this week, over 50 veterans of America ’s seemingly endless warsfanned out across Capitol Hill to make the case for ending these wars. The organizers of the initiative, VoteVets and Concerned Veterans for America (CVA), have been on opposite sides on many issues. But, as theNew York Times reported earlier this year, they ’ve come together to call on members of Congress to take responsibility, and revisit the nearly 18-year-old Authorization for the Use of Military Force (AUMF) passed immediately after 9/11.CVA ’s Dan Caldwell explains in a newvideo that the groups ’ members share “a co...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
FRIDAY, May 24, 2019 -- Despite the nation's opioid epidemic, U.S. dentists are far more likely to prescribe addictive opioid painkillers than their British counterparts, a new study reveals. In 2016, American dentists wrote 37 times as many opioid...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
This study has helped to clarify the epigenetic mechanisms of nicotine-induced periodontitis, highlighting novel biomarkers and therapeutic targets. PMID: 31118359 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of oral science - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research
Sun Hongbing Qin Increased glycolysis in tumor cells is associated with increased risk of tumor progression and mortality. Therefore, disruption of glycolysis, one of the main sources of cellular energy supply, can serve as a target for suppressing tumor growth and progression. Of note, hexokinase-2 (HK2) plays vital roles in glucose metabolism. Moreover, the expression of HK2 alters the metabolic phenotype and supports the continuous growth of tumor cells, making it an attractive target for cancer therapy. Quercetin (QUE), a bioactive flavonoid, has a profound anti-tumor effect on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), bu...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
.
Source: Addiction Research and Theory - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
This article aims to present a global view of Sigma-1 receptor research and its intellectual structure. We used bibliometric indicators of a basic nature as well as techniques for the visualization and analysis of networks of scientific information extracted from Scopus database. In total, 1102 articles from 1992 to 2017 were identified. The growth in the production of articles is not constant over time, with periods of stagnation of approximately 5 years. Only 247 authors have five or more publications. The authors appear grouped in relatively independent clusters, thus suggesting a low level of collaborations between tho...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
More News: Addiction