Definition and Validity of the Construct “Problematic Khat Use”: A Systematic Review

Conclusion: Problematic khat use constitutes, but is not limited to, harms, increased use over time, and frequent engagement in other psychoactive substances misuse. Khat use is different from problematic khat use since it is occasional and used for prayer, social, and functional reasons. Strong empirical studies that could establish thresholds for patterns of problematic khat use and a culturally suitable problematic khat use measures that follows a bottom-up approach of scale development are warranted.Eur Addict Res
Source: European Addiction Research - Category: Addiction Source Type: research

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Could a chatbot, an online community, or a telepsychiatry solution offer meaningful help for people who are fighting mental health issues? Could virtual reality, artificial intelligence, or genetics appear as elements of assistance in the toolkit of medical professionals in the fields dealing with the human psyche? While we agree that medical fields requiring the most empathy and human touch will most probably not be swept away by new innovations, we looked thoroughly at how technology will appear in the future of psychiatry. Perhaps even help heal the cursed prince from Beauty and the Beast? The human touch is indispen...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine Virtual Reality in Medicine AI apps AR artificial intelligence digital health digital health technologies health apps Innovation mental health psychiatry psychology technology VR Source Type: blogs
You're reading These 5 Mental Health Tools Will Help You Cope with Any Difficult Situation, originally posted on Pick the Brain | Motivation and Self Improvement. If you're enjoying this, please visit our site for more inspirational articles. Though it may be a surprise for some, mental health problems are commonplace. According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness, nearly 44 million American adults deal with mental health symptoms on an annual basis. That’s nearly 20% of the country’s adult population. Thankfully, similar to physical conditions like joint pain or eczema, mental health problems can be tr...
Source: PickTheBrain | Motivation and Self Improvement - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: confidence depression featured happiness health and fitness meditation motivation psychology self confidence self improvement Uncategorized affirmations best self-improvement blogs how to be successful mental health pickthebr Source Type: blogs
AbstractHigh-dose benzodiazepine (BZD) abuse is emerging as a substance use disorder (SUD). The aim of the study is to explore the impact of high-dose lormetazepam (LMZ) abuse and the characteristics of patients affected by this SUD in a tertiary referral addiction unit. We have  retrospectively evaluated 1112 patients admitted to the Addiction Medicine Unit, Verona University Hospital, Italy for detoxification from high-dose BZD dependence. LMZ was the most common BZD, with an increasing prevalence from January 2003 to June 2018. Socio-demographic (more women; higher age and education) and clinical features (higher d...
Source: Internal and Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
According to the latest numbers, roughly 9 million Americans — 4% of U.S. adults — use prescription sleep aids, or medications that can help with insomnia and other sleep issues. And now, some of the most popular prescription sleep drugs must carry stronger safety warnings. In April, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) mandated black-box warnings — which the agency uses to “call attention to serious or life-threatening risks” — on three sedative-hypnotic sleep aids: eszopiclone (often sold under the brand name Lunesta), zaleplon (Sonata) and zolpidem (Ambien). Hypnotic drugs, which ar...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Drugs Source Type: news
Living with bipolar disorder can feel overwhelming. Maybe you’re tired of the ups and downs of different episodes—the soaring energy, the debilitating fatigue, the racing I-need-to-do-everything-and-I-need-to-do-it-now thoughts, and the dark, decelerated, bleak thoughts. Maybe you’re exhausted from struggling with an especially stubborn and deep depression, which makes it tough to concentrate on anything, and feels like you’re walking through a river of waist-high molasses in a fog. Managing bipolar disorder can feel overwhelming, too. What can make it much easier is getting effective treatment...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Bipolar Disorders General Inspiration & Hope Mental Health and Wellness Self-Help Bipolar Disorder Depressive Episode Hypomania Manic Episode Mood Disorder Self Care self-compassion Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: Problematic MPU was associated with depression, bodily pain and daytime sleepiness. These findings will inform further studies of MPU-related health problems. PMID: 31076240 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Addictive Behaviors - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
Rui Yan1, ShiWan Tao1, HaiYan Liu1, Yu Chen1, JiaBo Shi1, YuYin Yang1, RongXin Zhu1, ZhiJian Yao1,2* and Qing Lu3,4*1Department of Psychiatry, The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China2Nanjing Brain Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, China3School of Biological Sciences and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, China4Child Development and Learning Science, Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education, Nanjing, ChinaBackground: Major depressive disorders often involve somatic symptoms and have been found to have fundamental differences from non-somatic depressi...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Detox from Benzodiazepines Benzodiazepines are highly addictive medications. They are used to help treat anxiety, sleep issues, and even seizures. They work to calm the body and can be a great, helpful tool for many people when used as prescribed. There are many different types of Benzodiazepines, as they differ in strength and onset time. Some Benzodiazepines, such as Librium, is used to help treat symptoms associated with alcohol withdrawal. Detox from Benzodiazepines can be difficult, but it is possible. The names that people know most commonly know Benzodiazepines as include: Xanax Valium Ativan Klonopin They are onl...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction to Pharmaceuticals Detox Resources for Alcohol and Drugs/Opiates Substance Abuse benzo benzodiazepines medical detox Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 25 April 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Stefano Comai, Martha Lopez-Canul, Danilo De Gregorio, Ada Posner, Mohamed Ettaoussi, Fabrizia Guarnieri, Gabriella GobbiAbstractMelatonin (MLT), a neuromodulator mainly acting through two G-protein coupled receptors MT1 and MT2, regulates many brain functions, including circadian rhythms, mood, pain and sleep. MLT and non-selective MT1/MT2 receptor agonists are clinically used in neuropsychiatric and/or sleep disorders. However, the selective roles of the MT1 and MT2 receptors need to be clarified. Here, we review the role of the MT...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
We examined the effects of the independent and combined effects of Zataria Multiflora supplementation and circuit resistance training (CRT) on selected adipokines among postmenopausal women. Forty-eight postmenopausal women were divided into four groups: Exercise (EG, n = 12), Zataria Multiflora (ZMG, n = 12), exercise and Zataria Multiflora (ZMEG, n = 12), and control (CG, n = 12). Participants in experimental groups either performed CRT (3 sessions per week with intensity at 55% of one-repetition maximum) or supplemented with Zataria Multiflora (500 mg every day after breakfast with 100 ml of water), or their combination...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
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