Characterization of the Early Life Microbiota Development and Predominant Lactobacillus Species at Distinct Gut Segments of Low- and Normal-Birth-Weight Piglets
Characterization of the Early Life Microbiota Development and Predominant Lactobacillus Species at Distinct Gut Segments of Low- and Normal-Birth-Weight Piglets Na Li, Shimeng Huang, Lili Jiang, Zhaolai Dai, Tiantian Li, Dandan Han and Junjun Wang* State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China Microbial exposure during early life plays a pivotal role in modulating the health and intestinal development of the host. Our recent study showed that the low-birth-weight (LBW) piglets harbored a different fecal microbiota compared to normal-birth-weight (NBW) piglets during early life with a lower abundance of the genus Lactobacillus. Considering the spatial variations in gut microbiota at distinct gut locations, this study was designed to further investigate the differences in the microbiota composition and predominant Lactobacillus species in the ileum and colon between LBW and NBW piglets during early life, including day 7 (D7), day 21 (D21, before weaning), and day 35 (D35, 2 weeks after weaning). Compared with the normal group, LBW piglets harbored a significantly lower proportion of short-chain fatty acids producing microbes, such as Ruminococcaceae and Prevotellaceae in the ileum on D7, Alistipes and Lachnospiraceae in the colon on D7, Blautia in the colon on D21, and Ruminiclostridium 9 in the colon on D35. The relative abundance of the phylum Bacteroidetes was also declined in both i...
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2020Source: European Journal of Surgical OncologyAuthor(s): Robert A. Nagourney, Steven Evans, Peter H. Tran, Adam J. Nagourney, Paul H. Sugarbaker
Authors: Teng M, Zhou S, Cai C, Lupien M, He HH Abstract Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed non-cutaneous cancers in North American men. While androgen deprivation has remained as the cornerstone of prostate cancer treatment, resistance ensues leading to lethal disease. Forkhead box A1 (FOXA1) encodes a pioneer factor that induces open chromatin conformation to allow the binding of other transcription factors. Through direct interactions with the Androgen Receptor (AR), FOXA1 helps to shape AR signaling that drives the growth and survival of normal prostate and prostate cancer cells. FOXA1 also possesse...
Publication date: Available online 11 August 2020Source: Journal of Sport and Health ScienceAuthor(s): Edoardo Franceschetti, Edoardo Giovannetti de Sanctis, Alessio Palumbo, Michele Paciotti, Luca La Verde, Nicola Maffulli, Francesco Franceschi
Hi all, I've been having a lot of anxiety regarding a critical decision I made several years prior. When I was a senior in high school, I received admission to a school that now ranks among the Top 3 public universities in the United States. Although I did receive a small scholarship (several thousand), it would have put me into significant debt. I instead opted for a much smaller school (which ranks between 150-200) that was generous enough to endow me with a full-tuition merit... Dealing with Anxiety as a Pre-Med
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2020Source: The Journal of Molecular DiagnosticsAuthor(s): Iris van ’t Erve, Marjolein J.E. Greuter, Karen Bolhuis, Daan C.L. Vessies, Alessandro Leal, Geraldine R. Vink, Daan van den Broek, Victor E. Velculescu, Cornelis J.A. Punt, Gerrit A. Meijer, Veerle M.H. Coupé, Remond J.A. Fijneman
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2020Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Nazila Fathi Maroufi, Nima Ashouri, Zohreh Mortezania, Zahra Ashoori, Vahid Vahedian, Mohammad Taher Amirzadeh-Iranaq, Amir Fattahi, Hamid Kazemzadeh, Mariano Bizzarri, Maryam Akbarzadeh, Hamid Reza Nejabati, Yousef Faridvand, Mohammad-Reza Rashidi, Mohammad Nouri
Publication date: September 2020Source: Human Pathology: Case Reports, Volume 21Author(s): Yuri Noda, Yuko Nakanishi, Ayaka Izui, Hiroyo Takahashi, Chiya Oshiro, Hideo Inaji, Masaru Yamasaki
Conclusion: A nisin-producing probiotic, can be used to treat 'disease-altered' biofilms and promote healthier oral biofilms, which may be useful for improving patient oral health. PMID: 32944159 [PubMed]
Conclusions: Probiotics affect P. gingivalis biofilm formation by down-regulating overall PgVAFs with the most pronounced effect observed for L. acidophilus LA5. PMID: 32944156 [PubMed]
Conclusion: S-ECC plaques had more active interaction with cariogenic carbohydrates like sucrose and lactose than healthy plaques. We supported lactose has less cariogenicity compared with sucrose from microbial community structural aspect. Phenylalanine may have a potentially inhibitory effect on caries development. PMID: 32944149 [PubMed]
More News: Anesthesia | Anesthesiology | Bacteroides Infection | Biotechnology | Campylobacter | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Cancer of the Uterus | Carbohydrates | Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Child Development | Children | China Health | Colon Cancer | Colorectal Cancer | Databases & Libraries | Diets | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Fibre | Fusobacterium | Gastroenteritis | Gastroenterology | Gastroschisis Repair | Genetics | Germany Health | Heart | Inflammatory Bowel Disease | Insulin | Japan Health | Laboratory Medicine | Liver | Medical Ethics | Melatonin | Men | Microbiology | Nurses | Nursing | Nutrition | Obesity | Oral Cancer | Organic | Perinatology & Neonatology | Physiology | Probiotics | Salmonella | Science | Statistics | Study | Sweden Health | Ulcerative Colitis | Urology & Nephrology | USA Health | Vegan | Vitamins