The Making of an Addiction: Examining Psychological Determinants of Prescription Stimulant Abuse among College Students

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Source: Health Communication - Category: Health Management Authors: Source Type: research

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ConclusionOur findings suggest that personality traits are coincidence in drug users. Professional evaluation of drug using patients in order to differentiate normal and pathological personality models of them is recommended.Graphical abstract
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
(Bloomberg) — Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. agreed to pay $85 million to settle an Oklahoma lawsuit claiming that illegal marketing of its opioid painkillers contributed to a public health crisis in the state. The deal, announced Sunday, was reached just as the case was about to go to trial next week. The state had alleged Teva and co-defendant Johnson &Johnson persuaded doctors to boost prescriptions of the powerful medications to treat ailments for which they weren’t approved, causing overdose deaths and drug addiction. The trial against remaining defendant J&J, which the state has called the &ldquo...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Courts Oklahoma onetime Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: In police officers, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with alcohol use disorder (AUD), but we lack data on the association between PTSD and other substance-related and addictive disorders. OBJECTIVES: We assessed whethe...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
OBJECTIVEsPrior studies have documented that mobile phone addiction is linked to anxiety and depression. However, the underlying processes that might moderate these associations remain unclear. The present research tested whether mindfulness moderated the ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Trends in GeneticsAuthor(s): Michael C. Saul, Vivek M. Philip, Laura G. Reinholdt, Center for Systems Neurogenetics of Addiction, Elissa J. CheslerContemporary mouse genetic reference populations are a powerful platform to discover complex disease mechanisms. Advanced high-diversity mouse populations include the Collaborative Cross (CC) strains, Diversity Outbred (DO) stock, and their isogenic founder strains. When used in systems genetics and integrative genomics analyses, these populations efficiently harnesses known genetic variation for precise and contextualized id...
Source: Trends in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
What would you do without your smartphone or laptop for a week? Some cannot even imagine putting them down for a second, not thinking much of the vulnerability of our entire digital existence. What if a hurricane destroys the electric grid? What if power supplies will get cut off by unstoppable rain? What about a future dystopic scenario with our traditional energy sources depleted due to overconsumption? And what if we just look at less fortunate parts of the world where stable electricity service is a rare treasure? We collected some examples of how medicine could become more independent from the traditional electricity ...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine Africa asia Caribbean development digital digital health Healthcare smartphone solar sustainability technology Source Type: blogs
Publication date: September 2019Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, Volume 55Author(s): Nasim Zamani, Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Hooman Bahrami-Motlagh, Sara Ahmadi, Scott PhillipsAbstractObjectivesOur study attempts to determine if for patients following ingestion of lead-contaminated opium, radiographs [plain X-ray (KUB)] or unenhanced computed tomography (CT scan) of the abdomen may be predictive of lead poisoning.MethodsOur study is concerned with patients of>21 years with elevated lead concentrations, who had undergone KUB or CT. Patients with other toxicities who had undergone similar imag...
Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: Chemico-Biological InteractionsAuthor(s): Tahira Javed, Rabia Habib, Sania Ghafoor, Baseerat Ruman, Sliha Awan, Leonel J.M. Ntepe, Sajida Batool, Syed M. NurulainAbstractSubstance addiction is a chronic, relapsing mental disorder Characterized by compulsive drug seeking, and loss of control over drug intake and relapse after prolonged abstinence. Genetics has been shown to contribute towards an individual's vulnerability to addiction. Acetylecholine (ACh), a cholinergic neurotransmitter hydrolyzed by acetylcholinesterase (AChE), is an essential neurotransmitter and neur...
Source: Chemico Biological Interactions - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis narrative review provides an overview of the relationships among tobacco smoking, eating behaviors, and body weight. The aims are to (1) examine the concurrent and longitudinal associations between tobacco smoking and body weight, (2) describe potential mechanisms underlying the relationships between smoking and body weight, with a focus on mechanisms related to eating behaviors and appetite, and (3) discuss management of concomitant tobacco smoking and obesity.Recent FindingsAdolescents who smoke tobacco tend to have body mass indexes (BMI) the same as or higher than nonsmokers. However, adul...
Source: Current Addiction Reports - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Earlier this week, over 50 veterans of America ’s seemingly endless warsfanned out across Capitol Hill to make the case for ending these wars. The organizers of the initiative, VoteVets and Concerned Veterans for America (CVA), have been on opposite sides on many issues. But, as theNew York Times reported earlier this year, they ’ve come together to call on members of Congress to take responsibility, and revisit the nearly 18-year-old Authorization for the Use of Military Force (AUMF) passed immediately after 9/11.CVA ’s Dan Caldwell explains in a newvideo that the groups ’ members share “a co...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
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