Global Health: In African Villages, These Phones Become Ultrasound Scanners

A hand-held device brings medical imaging to remote communities, often for the first time.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Tests (Medical) Ultrasonic Imaging and Sonograms Africa Pneumonia Uganda Third World and Developing Countries Gates, Bill and Melinda, Foundation United States Agency for International Development Canada your-feed-photojournalism Source Type: news

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​Seventy-five percent of trauma injuries involve some kind of thoracic insult, a quarter of which need a procedural intervention like a chest tube. (Surg Clin North Am 2007;87[1]:95; http://bit.ly/2HaoX90.) Long-term illness, lung disease, and post-operative complications may cause pleural effusions or a pneumothorax, so treating these conditions quickly can significantly decrease patient morbidity and mortality. Other indications for chest tube placement include:Trauma: Pneumothorax, hemopneumothorax, or tension pneumothoraxLong-term illness: Pleural effusion (cancer, pneumonia)Infection: Empyema, purulent pleuriti...
Source: The Procedural Pause - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, we described the US semeiotics of various lung disorders assessed during VATS by reporting the preliminary data of the first s tudy which applies the methodology systematically to all patients undergoing the surgery procedure. Final results from the study will further elucidate how the technique could be of use during the VATS procedure.
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
We report an unusual presentation of significant spontaneous pneumomediastinum in a term newborn delivered by elective cesarean section with no history of active resuscitation at birth.Timely diagnosis of SPM is important for both management and prognosis. We believe that lung ultrasound (LUS) is a promising screening tool for early detection of PM in neonates, and could help avoid unnecessary exposure to radiation in delicate neonates. More simultaneous studies comparing chest X-ray (CXR), LUS, and computed tomography (CT) scans may help to prove the utility value of point-of-care ultrasounds as a primary diagnostic tool ...
Source: American Journal of Perinatology Reports - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
​BY GREGORY TAYLOR, DO, &SCOTT LAGERVELD, DOA 54-year-old man with a significant past medical history of atrial fibrillation and congestive heart failure presented to the ED with a chief complaint of difficulty walking. He was evaluated at an outside hospital two months earlier, and was found to have methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia, lower extremity cellulitis, and acute decompensated congestive heart failure (CHF). He clinically improved over one week, his autoimmune workup was negative, and he was discharged. He failed to follow up with nephrology, cardiology, and dermatology, and st...
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
Thoracic ultrasound has become an increasingly valuable tool in the evaluation of critically ill patients in the emergency department (ED). The utility of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) to identify suspected pneumothorax, pulmonary edema, pleural effusion and pneumonia has been well established (Pagano et al.; Brogi et al.; Cortellaro et al.; Irwin and Cook [1 –4]). The 2014 American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) Ultrasound Imaging Compendium included lung and pleural ultrasound with the primary indication of identifying pneumothorax and pleural effusion as part of the core POCUS indications for all emerge...
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 August 2018Source: American Journal of Infection ControlAuthor(s): Fumie Sakamoto, Keiko Asano, Tomoko Sakihama, Sanjay Saint, M. Todd Greene, Payal Patel, David Ratz, Yasuharu TokudaBackgroundA national survey conducted in 2012 revealed that the rates of regular use of many evidence-based practices to prevent device-associated infections were low in Japanese hospitals. We conducted a second survey 4 years later to evaluate changes in infection prevention practices.MethodsBetween July 2016 and January 2017, the instrument used in a survey of Japanese hospitals in 2012 was sent to 1,456...
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the most widespread and severe infectious diseases worldwide. In the emergency department (ED), there is still a need for a rapid and accurate tool that can diagnose CAP. Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a recent tool that is increasingly being for this purpose. So far, the LUS has been evaluated on a wide range of patients, but not yet on the specific population in the ED through a meta-analysis. Our aim was to assess the accuracy of the LUS in diagnosing CAP in this setting through a systematic review and a meta-analysis. A systematic research of literature was carried out for all pub...
Source: European Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 August 2018Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/CAuthor(s): W.B. Ayinde, W.M. Gitari, M. Munkombwe, Samie AmidouAbstractThe paper presents a facile green method of synthesizing a multi-functional 3-layered Ag-MgO/nanohydroxyapatite (Ag-MgOnHaP) composite via a combined microwave and ultrasonically modified methods with emphasis on simultaneous pathogens and fluoride removal in groundwater. The reduction of Ag and MgO ions by aqueous Citrus paradisi peel extracts was utilized for the impregnation Ag-MgO nanoparticles on the adsorbent surface. Ag-MgOnHaP composite morpho...
Source: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts ABC - Category: Science Source Type: research
Primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in the thyroid is extremely rare and has been reported in #x3c; 1% of all thyroid cancer cases. Primary SCC in the thyroid was thought to be a transitional form derived from adenocarcinomas; therefore, the majority of reported cases have focused on the conjunction with other histological adenocarcinomas. A 73-year-old male presented to our hospital with bilateral vocal fold palsy and an anterior neck mass. Ultrasound sonography revealed a bulky tumor in the thyroid and bilateral cervical lymphadenopathy. We performed fine-needle aspiration cytology from the thyroid tumor, which reveale...
Source: Case Reports in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We describe the unique case of a child with pneumonia presenting with acute scoliosis and abdominal pain, without any typical features of the disease. A 10-year-old girl presented to the emergency department on 3 consecutive days with right-sided abdominal pain. There were no associated features, in particular, no fevers or respiratory symptoms. On the first 2 presentations, observation,examination, and blood test findings were unremarkable. Chest x-ray and abdominal ultrasound were also normal. On the third presentation a marked scoliosis was noted and abdominal examination revealed right-sided tenderness with rebound. T...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
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