Predictors of Perinatal HIV Transmission Among Women Without Prior Antiretroviral Therapy in a Resource-Limited Setting: The Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals and Nutrition Study

Conclusions: These findings confirm that lowering maternal HIV viral load is most important in preventing perinatal MTCT and support efforts to address food shortage, STI and tuberculosis prevention, while informing programs to improve ART coverage in pregnancy.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: HIV Reports Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: Plant Physiology and BiochemistryAuthor(s): Muhammad Imran, Chengxiao Hu, Saddam Hussain, Muhammad Shoaib Rana, Muhammad Riaz, Javaria Afzal, Omar Aziz, Ali Mohamed Elyamine, Marwa Antar Farag Ismael, Xuecheng SunAbstractDifferent nitrogen (N) sources have been reported to significantly affect the photosynthesis (Pn) and its attributes. However, molybdenum (Mo) induced effects on photosynthetic efficacy of winter wheat under different N sources have not been investigated. A hydroponic study was carried out comprising of two winter wheat cultivars ‘97003’ and...
Source: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and BiologyAuthor(s): Şükrü Güngör, Mukadder Ayşe Selimoğlu, Fatma İlknur Varol, Serdal Güngör, Muhammed Mehdi ÜremişAbstractObjectivesWilson’s disease (WD) is a metabolic disorder leading to hepatic and extrahepatic copper deposition. Several studies have reported that besides copper (Cu), iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) are also accumulated at varying levels in various tissues in WD. However, there is not an adequate number of studies investigating the effects of Fe and Zn status on WD present...
Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionOur results suggested HBV infection did not appear to be detrimental to the outcome of IVF/ICSI treatment.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionsHigh statin users with hypercholesterolemia were associated with lower risk of overall colorectal cancer, especially proximal colon cancer in men and rectal cancer in both sexes.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
CONCLUSION The available evidence, limited to low evidence level case reports and series, indicates cutaneous laser treatment during pregnancy is safe for both mother and fetus. Furthermore, laser physics and optics dictate there should theoretically be no risk of fetal laser exposure from commonly used cutaneous lasers.
Source: Dermatologic Surgery - Category: Dermatology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
TYPE 2 DIABETES: Everyone needs to be more aware of what they are eating&for type 2 diabetics, this is even more important. Whether trying to prevent or control diabetes, the nutritional needs of the body need to be at the forefront when choosing what to eat. What is the best diet for a type 2 diabetic to follow?
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Authors: Nishiyama A, Wakabayashi H, Nishioka S, Nagano A, Momosaki R Abstract Our aim was to clarify the nutritional status and energy intake needed for activities of daily living (ADL) improvement among convalescent stroke patients. This retrospective cohort study of stroke patients used data from the Japan Rehabilitation Nutrition Database. Mean energy intake per ideal body weight was 26 kcal/kg/day at 1 week after hospitalization. Patients were divided into two groups according to energy intake: ≥26 kcal/kg/day (high) and
Source: Neurologia Medico-Chirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) Source Type: research
This study extends the scope of biobased platform with self-sustainability as core objective.
Source: Chemical Engineering Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
In conclusion, prenatal and recent MeHg exposure had no consistent pattern of associations to support the hypothesis that they are adversely associated with heart rate variability in this study population that consumes large amounts of fish.
Source: Neurotoxicology and Teratology - Category: Toxicology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These findings confirm that lowering maternal HIV viral load is most important in preventing perinatal MTCT and support efforts to address food shortage, STI and tuberculosis prevention, while informing programs to improve ART coverage in pregnancy. PMID: 30985546 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Herpes - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Pediatr Infect Dis J Source Type: research
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