Cefoxitin Prophylaxis During Pediatric Cardiac Surgery: Retrospective Exploration of Postoperative Trough Levels

Conclusions: Cefoxitin trough concentrations vary significantly in the first 24 hours after pediatric cardiac surgery. Both serum creatinine and body weight showed independent associations with cefoxitin concentration. The PD target was not obtained in the vast majority of the explored population, regardless of the target bacteria.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Antimicrobial Reports Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Biotechnology ReportsAuthor(s): Oumaima Ghomari, Fatiha Sounni, Yousra Massaoudi, Jamal Ghanam, Leila Batsoule Drissi Kaitouni, Mohammed Merzouki, Mohammed BenlemlihAbstractThe aim of the present study is to firstly study the effect of the extraction solvents (ethanol, acetonitrile, distilled water), pH, temperature, and the extraction method (maceration, sonication, maceration in two steps) on the flavonoid and phenolic contents of olive leaves. Furthermore, qualitative and quantitative analyzes of phenolic compounds by (HPLC) were performed. Results showed that the ex...
Source: Biotechnology Reports - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Carbohydrate PolymersAuthor(s): Jinbo Chen, Chuntao Chen, Guangyun Liang, Xunran Xu, Qingli Hao, Dongping SunAbstractIt’s long been understood that antimicrobial properties are one of the most important function in the field of biomedicine. In this thesis, we introduce a new technique to functionalize bacterial cellulose (BC) with antimicrobial properties by in situ method. We design a series of experiments on hydrolyzing mulberry leaves and exploring the methods of fermenting and purifying to obtain a BC complex with antimicrobial properties. Meanwhile, the anti-...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Publication date: 2019Source: Materials Today: Proceedings, Volume 13, Part 3Author(s): S. Charfi, N. Boujida, J. Abrini, N.S. SenhajiAbstractOrange juice is one of the most famous and consumed juice due to its high ascorbic acid content, its high nutritional value and desirable sensorial characteristics. The intake of orange juice has shown different advantages on human health. The consumers demand for food naturally preserved caused the increase of research on alternatives like essential oils that are able to control pathogenic bacteria growth. Thymbra capitata essential oil has been used as traditional preservative in a...
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
This study focuses on selective ion removal and antibacterial applications of silver-doped multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)/polyphenylsulfone (PPSU) nanocomposite membranes. The prepared Ag-doped MWCNTs are characterized according to their particle size distribution and specific surface area. Further, they are examined using transmission electron microscopy and several spectroscopic techniques; their morphology, topography, surface charge, porosity, and contact angles are reported. A performance evaluation demonstrates that the Ag-MWCNT/PPSU nanocomposite membrane exhibits unique properties and achieves optimal performa...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: Esfahanian M, Ghasemzadeh MA, Razavian SMH Abstract Today, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) for the release of drugs have been studied extensively. In this research, we have investigated the novel magnetic framework including Fe3O4@PAA@ZIF-8 for the delivery of ciprofloxacin (CIP) antibiotic. Moreover, the antibacterial activity of Fe3O4@PAA@ZIF-8 and Fe3O4@PAA@ZIF-8@CIP screened against Staphylococcus aureus ( S. aureus) and Escherichia coli ( E. coli) bacteria. The structure of the nano carrier, as well as the encapsulation of the drug in the framework was confirmed by the Fourier-transform infrared spect...
Source: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Tags: Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol Source Type: research
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Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
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Source: Biomedical Chromatography : BMC - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Biomed Chromatogr Source Type: research
Ramiro Ríos-Gómez María Isabel Aguilar Verbena carolina L. (Verbenaceae) is used as a decoction in Mexican folk medicine with applications against digestive problems and for dermatological infections. The present work firstly reported HPLC analysis, as well as the free radical scavenging capacity of the extracts and isolated compounds. Antimicrobial analyses of these substances against the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhi and the fungi Candida albicans, Trichophyton mentagrophytes and T. rubrum were also tested, as well as the acute or...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
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