New Biomarkers for Atherothrombosis in Antiphospholipid Syndrome: Genomics and Epigenetics Approaches

Conclusions In recent years, there have been many advances in the understanding of the molecular basis for vascular involvement in APS, but many areas need to be further investigated, in particular the association between altered genetic/epigenetic profiles, autoantibodies and clinical manifestations, and the effectiveness of new therapeutic strategies. It would be interesting to apply next generation sequencing technologies like RNA-Seq along with GWAS to screen both, the gene profile and the whole transcriptome of large cohorts of primary APS patients, in order to reveal the mutations/polymorphisms, post-transcriptional modifications, and changes in the gene expression as compared to healthy controls, and their relationship with the risk of thrombosis. Additionally, epigenomic studies (DNA methylation, histones modifications and miRNA profiles) on patients with primary APS would help to identify and better characterize the regulatory mechanisms that influence the abnormal expression and activities of the genes contributing to inflammation, thrombosis and organ damage in primary APS. To date, a vast number of genetic and epigenetic biomarkers have been identified and probed to be specifically associated to the main clinical features of APS patients. Although no study has delineated which biomarkers could be considered as the most clearly associated with the highest risk of thrombosis, emerging studies are evaluating, by using bioinformatic analyses and based on a signific...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 7 April 2020Source: Artificial Intelligence in MedicineAuthor(s): Siva Teja Kakileti, Himanshu J. Madhu, Geetha Manjunath, Leonard Wee, Andre Dekker, Sudhakar Sampangi
Source: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research
Conclusion: The most important finding of one-month ticagrelor consumption were dyspnea, bleeding, and hypersensitivity reaction. No case of bradycardia and stent thrombosis was detected. In our study , iranian population has more susceptibility to dyspnea than PLATO result. The rate of drug discontinuation in this series of cases was 6.4 %. PMID: 32259131 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Arch Acad Emerg Med Source Type: research
In this report, we presented a case of POT due to knife injury in which the knife blade was removed and bleeding was controlled, the patient's general condition after surgery was good, but the vision of the right eye was lost. PMID: 32259125 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Arch Acad Emerg Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: The knowledge, attitude, and practice of EMS staff regarding bleeding control were moderate, positive and appropriate, and incomplete, respectively. Since bleeding is a life threatening status and EMS staff skills are critical in this issue, it seems that we need to provide continuous education in this regard. PMID: 32259111 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Arch Acad Emerg Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: Risk factors, aetiology, and precipitating factors of HF in de novo and ADCHF differ. De novo HF also had lower 1-year mortality and 3-month mortality compared to ADCHF. PMID: 32252602 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
Authors: Song Z, Gao R, Yan B Abstract Cardiovascular disease is still the main cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Currently, the frontier of research into cardiovascular disease is the field of non-coding RNA. In this review, information was collected on the use of micro-RNAs as non-invasive biomarkers and their role in pathophysiological processes and therapeutic applications. In the case of microRNA-1 and microRNA-133, the roles and regulatory mechanisms of them are reviewed for arrhythmia, myocardial infarction, diabetic cardiomyopathy, myocardial hypertrophy, cardiomyocyte differentiation, and cell re...
Source: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Rev Cardiovasc Med Source Type: research
Authors: Liu Y, Zeng Z, Yu X, Li T, Yao Y, Chen R, Zheng J Abstract The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of lipoprotein(a) level on long-range prognosis after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) in patients with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goal attainment. In this retrospective study, 350 patients in Coronary artery disease (CAD) with LDL-C less than 1.8 mmol/L were enrolled in the Guangdong Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases from January 2011 to December 2013. Follow-up was 1 year after PCI. According to the median value of the study population based on Lp(a), the patients ...
Source: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Rev Cardiovasc Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Introduction of the Complete Entry and Re-entry Neutralization protocol improves the rate of favorable remodeling following endovascular treatment of aortic dissection in mid-term follow-up in patients with diffused aortic dissection. PMID: 32259912 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Rev Cardiovasc Med Source Type: research
Authors: Chen E, Cai W, Hu D, Chen L Abstract Remote ischemic conditioning is usually associated with cardioprotective intervention against ischemia-reperfusion. However, the effect of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIC-pre) completed before myocardial reperfusion with intermittent limb ischemia-reperfusion in patients with STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is unclear. PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were fully searched from the beginning of each database up to September 2019 to find seven RCTs, a total of 2796 patients with STEMI undergoing PPCI with RIC-pre and 2818 pat...
Source: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Rev Cardiovasc Med Source Type: research
Authors: Macovei L, Magopet R, Tanasa A, Raileanu C, Prisacariu C, Presura MR, Balasanian MO Abstract Critical lesion of the unprotected left main coronary disease carries a tremendous mortality burden, often associated with a diabetes status or multivessel disease, with coronary artery bypass grafting being the standard treatment for over 40 years. Percutaneous coronary intervention with drug eluting stents should be taken into consideration and could be a better option for patients with low SYNTAX score as validated by the recently published studies. This review summarizes the major randomized clinical trials and...
Source: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Rev Cardiovasc Med Source Type: research
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