The Associations of Emotion Coping Appraisal With Both the Cue –Outcome Contingency and Perceived Verbal Abuse Exposure

In this study, using multiple linear regression analysis, we found that decreased emotion coping appraisal of resilience in young adults was explained by an increased tendency to update beliefs about cue–outcome associative probability in a volatile environment and the increase in the parental verbal abuse experienced in early childhood. The total scores of resilience appraisals were also explained in the same manner (see Supplementary Tables 4 and 7). In addition, we did not find any effect of gender on the results both with whole subject (Figure 4) and in the gender-matched subgroup (see Supplementary Figure 3).Notably, the period in which subjects were exposed to verbal abuse was important in explaining the emotion coping appraisal of the subjects in our study. Only verbal abuse in the preschool period, but not in childhood or adolescence, was significantly associated with RAS-total and RAS-emotion coping scores in our data. Our finding is consistent with studies showing that maltreatment in early childhood is an important factor contributing to social competence associated with neuroendocrine activity (55). Additionally, childhood abuse is a very important risk factor for the development of psychopathology (56–59). The severity of the effect appears to depend on the timing of the abuse exposure (30, 60), and emotional abuse in early childhood, more than in other periods, is associated with an increase in the incidence of psychiatric diseases in adulthood and c...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects one in seven women in the United States. Korean Americans are one of the six largest Asian American (AA) subgroups, representing 9% of the AA population in the United States. Women of Asian descent have not always been represented in studies of PPD. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to understand postpartum experiences, perceptions of PPD, and mental health help-seeking among Korean women living in the United States. Methods: Individual, face-to-face, semistructured interviews of Korean immigrant women, over age 18, who were able to read, write, and speak English...
Source: MCN: The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Feature Source Type: research
Background: African American women are more likely to experience preterm birth compared with White women. Social factors such as neighborhood disorder and experiences of racial discrimination, which disproportionately affect African American women, may partially explain these disparities. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine pregnant African American women's perceptions of neighborhood disorder, racial discrimination, and psychological distress and whether these concepts were viewed as influences on birth outcomes. Study Design and Methods: Using a mixed-methods approach, seven pregnant African America...
Source: MCN: The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Feature Source Type: research
Conclusion EMC should be considered first from an EE’s perspective, addressing concerns at the PCB level. MEs can get involved when enclosing the PCB or device. This is a collaborative effort. Both specialties should work through planning and execution. The ability to leverage a range of materials and components for EM enclosures allows engineers to make informed choices to meet the EMC requirements of a device. When considered at early stages, engineers can make EM an integral part of the design approach.
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Electronics Source Type: news
CASE SUMMARY: A 62-year-old previously healthy man presented with left lower quadrant pain and fever. Physical examination showed left lower quadrant peritonitis. Computed tomography scan showed a pelvic abscess with extraluminal air (Fig. 1). Intravenous antibiotics were started, and CT-guided percutaneous drainage was performed. The drain was removed 1 week after discharge. One week later, he presented with dysuria and pneumaturia and was started on antibiotics. Colonoscopy confirmed diverticulosis with no other mucosal abnormalities. He underwent a successful laparoscopic sigmoidectomy with colovesical fistula takedown.
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Resident’s Corner Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: Materials Today Communications, Volume 22Author(s): Alexandra L. Nikolaeva, Iosif V. Gofman, Alexander V. Yakimansky, Elena M. Ivan’kova, Natalia S. Gulii, Maria A. Teplonogova, Olga S. Ivanova, Alexander E. Baranchikov, Vladimir K. IvanovAbstractA series of polyimide/CeO2 nanocomposite films were fabricated based on three polymer matrices. The prepared films were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermomechanical analysis (TMA), and also simultaneous thermogravimetric (TGA) and differential thermal analysis (DTA), the latter two having been performed both in air...
Source: Materials Today Communications - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: April 2020Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 109Author(s): Yun-shan Wei, Zhi-cheng Niu, Feng-qi Wang, Kun Feng, Min-hua Zong, Hong WuAbstractPickering emulsion (PE) stabilized by bio-compatible polymer nanoparticles (NPs) was first developed for the encapsulation of lipophilic tocopheryl acetate (TA) for its application in cosmetics. The poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)/poly(styrene-co-4-styrene-sulfonate) (PSS) NPs were prepared by solvent displacement, and then they were used as emulsifier particles to fabricate TA-encapsulated PE. It was found that the TA encapsulation efficiency was...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 February 2020Source: Materials Letters, Volume 261Author(s): Farahnaz Haftlang, Abbas Zarei-Hanzaki, Hamid Reza AbediAbstractTi–29Nb–14Ta–4.5Zr (TNTZ) bio-alloy was processed against Ti–6Al–4V extra-low interstitial as a counter-body material in sliding friction mode under the low applied load of 2 N and very high sliding velocity of 300 mm/s. The near-surface micro-texture evolution induced by frictional force has been investigated in detail using Electron back-scattered diffraction analysis in scanning electron microscope (SEM-EBSD) and Angle selective back-sca...
Source: Materials Letters - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Or Brandes, Avital Stern, Guy DoronAbstractRelationship Obsessive–compulsive disorder (ROCD) is a dimension of Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) focusing on close and intimate relationships. ROCD may focus on the relationship itself (i.e., relationship-centered) or the perceived flaws of the relationship partner (i.e., partner-focused). Partner-focused obsessions have been shown to center on domains such as intelligence, appearance, sociality, emotional regulation, competence and morality....
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Psychiatric Services, Ahead of Print.
Source: Psychiatric Services - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Psychiatric Services, Ahead of Print.
Source: Psychiatric Services - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
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